Patrick le b uf biblioth que nationale de france
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Using an ontology-driven system to integrate museum information and library information Paper presented on the occasion of the Symposium on Digital Semantic Content across Cultures, Paris, the Louvre, 4-5 May 2006. Patrick Le Bœuf Bibliothèque nationale de France. 1. Infodiversity.

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Patrick le b uf biblioth que nationale de france

Using an ontology-driven system to integrate museum information and library informationPaper presented on the occasion of the Symposium onDigital Semantic Content across Cultures,Paris, the Louvre, 4-5 May 2006

Patrick Le BœufBibliothèque nationale de France


1 infodiversity
1. Infodiversity information and library information

  • “The nice thing about standards is that there are so many to choose from…”

  • However, “infodiversity is good” (Tony Gill) for cultural heritage information

  • … Would end-users agree?...

  • Our challenge:

    • To preserve institutions’ commitment in the information they produce about their collections

    • and to meet end-users’ information needs (integrated information, logical inferences from information stored in heterogeneous databases)


Integrated information a wonderful dream
Integrated information: a wonderful dream… information and library information

I want...

Books aboutthis object

Other objectsof samecultural context

Referencetools thatmention it

Other objectsof sametechnique

Books about its culturalcontext, about its technique,about this type of objects

Other objectsof same type

Books about thesubject it depicts

Other objectsdepicting thesame subject

Related literary works

URLs fordigitisa-tions of it

Reproduc-tions of it

Audio-visualmaterials about it


2 the sculpteur project
2. The SCULPTEUR Project information and library information

  • European-funded (2002-2005)

  • Partners: C2RMF, The National Gallery (UK), Victoria & Albert Museum, Galleria degli Uffizi…

  • Technical infrastructure: University of Southampton (UK)

  • Produced the “Concept Browser”: a graphic interface to query heterogeneous museum databases

  • Information is integrated through mapping to a common ontology: CIDOC CRM


3 the cidoc crm
3. The CIDOC CRM information and library information

  • CRM = “Conceptual Reference Model”

  • Developed by ICOM CIDOC from 1996 on

  • Leader = Martin Doerr

  • ISO standard 21127

  • CRM = a basis for data exchange and for building integrated query tools


3 the cidoc crm1

Of what information and library information

?

Type

3. The CIDOC CRM

  • 81 classes, 132 properties

  • Key concepts =

ActorAppellation

Appellation

Involving what?

Involving whom?

Actor

PhysicalThing

What happened?

ConceptualObject

Event

Time-Span

Place

When?

Where?

TimeAppellation

PlaceAppellation


The cidoc crm in the concept browser
The CIDOC CRM in the Concept Browser information and library information

http://www.sculpteur.ecs.soton.ac.uk/software/concept/doc/


The cidoc crm in the concept browser1
The CIDOC CRM in the Concept Browser information and library information

  • Simplified ontology, in the mSpaces browser:

Addis, M., et al., New Ways to Search, Navigate and Use Multimedia Museum Collections over the Web, Figure 4, in J. Trant and D. Bearman (eds.). Museums and the Web 2005: Proceedings, Toronto: Archives & Museum Informatics, published March 31, 2005 at http://www.archimuse.com/mw2005/papers/addis/addis.fig4.html


4 bibliographic information
4. Bibliographic information information and library information

  • CIDOC CRM focuses on museum information

  • => Possible to use it for bibliographic information as well???

    • Museum info: mainly about “unique” physical objects

    • Bibliographic info: mainly about “publications”, an abstract notion instantiated in holdings


4 bibliographic information1
4. Bibliographic information information and library information

  • Is there an ontology for bibliographic information, comparable to CIDOC CRM?

    • Not an “ontology”, but a conceptual model: FRBR (Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records)

    • Developed by IFLA, published in 1998

    • Current work to align it on CIDOC CRM

    • Planned to have a harmonised ontology covering both FRBR’s scope and CIDOC CRM’s scope

    • Not yet available, therefore not available at the time the Concept Browser was being developed…


4 bibliographic information2
4. Bibliographic information information and library information

  • Eventually, mapping UNIMARC Bibliographic format to CIDOC CRM proved feasible…

  • … but time-consuming… (2004-April 2006!)

  • The SCULPTEUR Project is closed now… Is it too late?

  • However, we need to check the mapping and the ability of the Concept Browser to integrate museum and library information


5 possible next steps
5. Possible next steps information and library information

  • Test the integration of bibliographic records with museum information in th Concept Browser

  • ? Map thesauri, classification schemes, subject authority files to the CIDOC CRM

    • Objective: allow end-users e.g. to navigate from studies on a technique to artefacts produced by that technique

Books about

that technique

Other objectsof sametechnique


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