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Understanding and Overcoming the Five Dysfunctions of a Chapter. The Five Dysfunctions of a Chapter. Not finance . Not strategy. Not technology. It is Chapter work that remains the ultimate advantage, because it is both powerful and rare. The Five Dysfunctions of a Chapter.

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Understanding and Overcoming the Five Dysfunctions of a Chapter


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the five dysfunctions of a chapter
The Five Dysfunctions of a Chapter

Not finance. Not strategy. Not technology. It is Chapter work that remains the ultimate advantage, because it is both powerful and rare.

the five dysfunctions of a chapter1
The Five Dysfunctions of a Chapter
  • You can best express the power of Chapter work by this statement:
    • “If you could get all the people in an organization rowing in the same direction, you could accomplish the goals, in any ministry, against any opposition, at any time.”
    • Building a strong Chapter is both possible and remarkably simple. But, it is painfully difficult.
the five dysfunctions of a chapter2
The Five Dysfunctions of a Chapter
  • Chapter work comes down to mastering a set of behaviors that are at once theoretically uncomplicated, but extremely difficult to put into practice day after day. Success comes only for those groups that overcome the all-too-human behavioral tendencies that corrupt Chapters and breed dysfunctional politics within them.
the five dysfunctions of a chapter3
The Five Dysfunctions of a Chapter
  • As you overcome these particular dysfunctions you can achieve more than individuals could ever imagine doing alone. That, after all, is the real power of Chapter work.
the five dysfunctions of a chapter4
The Five Dysfunctions of a Chapter
  • Chapter Assessment
  • Chapter Scoring
  • Dysfunction 1: Absence of Trust
    • Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 1
  • Dysfunction 2: Fear of Conflict
    • Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 2
the five dysfunctions of a chapter5
The Five Dysfunctions of a Chapter
  • Dysfunction 3: Lack of Commitment
    • Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 3
  • Dysfunction 4: Avoidance of Accountability
    • Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 4
  • Dysfunction 5: Inattention to Results
    • Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 5
chapter assessment
Chapter Assessment
  • The questionnaire on the following slides is a straightforward diagnostic tool that will help you evaluate your Chapter’s susceptibility to the five dysfunctions.
  • We will then tabulate the results and interpret the possible conclusions.
chapter assessment1
Chapter Assessment
  • Use the scale below to indicate how each statement applies to your Chapter. It is important to evaluate the statements honestly and without over-thinking your answers.
    • 3 = Usually
    • 2 = Sometimes
    • 1 = Rarely
chapter assessment2
Chapter Assessment
  • ______ 1. Chapter members are passionate and open in their discussion of issues.
  • ______ 2. Chapter members call out one another’s deficiencies or unproductive behaviors.
chapter assessment3
Chapter Assessment
  • ______ 3. Chapter members know what their peers are working on and how they contribute to the collective good of the Chapter.
  • ______ 4. Chapter members quickly and genuinely apologize to one another when they say or do something inappropriate or possibly damaging to the Chapter.
chapter assessment4
Chapter Assessment
  • ______ 5. Chapter members willingly make sacrifices in their areas of expertise for the good of the Chapter.
  • ______ 6. Chapter members openly admit their weaknesses and mistakes.
chapter assessment5
Chapter Assessment
  • ______ 7. Chapter meetings are vigorous, and not boring.
  • ______ 8. Chapter members leave meetings confident that their Chapter is completely committed to the decisions that were agreed on, even if there was initial disagreement.
chapter assessment6
Chapter Assessment
  • ______9. Morale is significantly affected by the failure to achieve Chapter goals.
  • _____10. During Chapter meetings, the most important – and difficult – issues are put on the table to be resolved.
chapter assessment7
Chapter Assessment
  • _____ 11. Chapter members are deeply concerned about the prospect of letting down their peers.
  • _____ 12. Chapter members know about one another’s personal lives and are comfortable discussing them.
chapter assessment8
Chapter Assessment
  • _____ 13. Chapter members end discussions with clear and specific resolutions and calls to action.
  • _____ 14. Chapter members challenge one another about their plans and approaches.
chapter assessment9
Chapter Assessment
  • _____ 15. Chapter members are slow to seek credit for their own contributions, but quick to point out those of others.
chapter scoring
Chapter Scoring
  • Combine your scores for the preceding statements as indicated below.
  • Dysfunction 1: Absence of Trust
    • Statement 4: _____
    • Statement 6: _____
    • Statement 12:_____ Total _____
chapter scoring1
Chapter Scoring
  • Dysfunction 2: Fear of Conflict
    • Statement 1: _____
    • Statement 7: _____
    • Statement 10: _____ Total _____
chapter scoring2
Chapter Scoring
  • Dysfunction 3: Lack of Commitment
    • Statement 3: _____
    • Statement 8: _____
    • Statement 13: _____ Total _____
chapter scoring3
Chapter Scoring
  • Dysfunction 4: Avoidance of Accountability
    • Statement 2: _____
    • Statement 11: _____
    • Statement 14: _____ Total _____
chapter scoring4
Chapter Scoring
  • Dysfunction 5: Inattention to Results
    • Statement 5: _____
    • Statement 9: _____
    • Statement 15: _____ Total _____
chapter scoring5
Chapter Scoring
  • A score of 8 or 9 is a probable indication that the dysfunction is not a problem for your Chapter.
  • A score of 6 or 7 indicates that the dysfunction could be a problem.
  • A score of 3 to 5 is probably an indication that the dysfunction needs to be addressed.
chapter scoring6
Chapter Scoring
  • Regardless of your scores, it is important to keep in mind that every Chapter needs constant work, because without it, even the best ones deviate toward dysfunction.
dysfunction 1 absence of trust
Dysfunction #1: Absence of Trust
  • Members of Chapters with an absence of trust:
    • Conceal their weaknesses and mistakes from one another.
    • Hesitate to ask for help or provide constructive feedback.
    • Hesitate to offer help outside their own areas of responsibility.
    • Jump to conclusions about the intentions and attitudes of others without attempting to clarify them.
dysfunction 1 absence of trust1
Dysfunction #1: Absence of Trust
  • Fail to recognize and tap into one another’s skills and experiences.
  • Hold grudges.
  • Dread meetings and find reasons to avoid spending time together.
dysfunction 1 absence of trust2
Dysfunction #1: Absence of Trust
  • Members of trusting Chapters:
    • Admit weaknesses and mistakes.
    • Ask for help.
    • Accept questions and input about their areas of responsibility.
    • Give one another the benefit of the doubt before arriving at a negative conclusion.
    • Take risk in offering feedback and assistance.
dysfunction 1 absence of trust3
Dysfunction #1: Absence of Trust
  • Appreciate and tap into one another’s skills and experiences.
  • Focus time and energy on important issues, not politics.
  • Offer and accept apologies without hesitation.
  • Look forward to meetings and other opportunities to work as a group.
suggestions for overcoming dysfunction 1
Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 1
  • Personal Histories Exercise: Have each Chapter member answer a short list of questions about themselves. For example:
    • Number of children
    • Hometown
    • Unique challenges of childhood
    • Favorite hobbies
    • First job
    • Worst job
suggestions for overcoming dysfunction 11
Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 1
  • Simply by describing these relatively harmless attributes or experiences, Chapter members begin to relate to one another on a more personal basis
suggestions for overcoming dysfunction 12
Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 1
  • Chapter Effectiveness Exercise:
    • Each Chapter member identify the single most important contribution that each of their peers makes to the Chapter, as well as the one area that they must either improve upon or eliminate for the good of the Chapter.
dysfunction 2 fear of conflict
Dysfunction #2: Fear of Conflict
  • Chapters that fear conflict:
    • Have boring meetings.
    • Create environments where behind the back personal attacks thrive.
    • Ignore controversial topics that are critical to Chapter success.
    • Fail to tap into all the opinions and perspectives of Chapter members.
    • Waste time and energy with an attitude merely for effect.
dysfunction 2 fear of conflict1
Dysfunction #2: Fear of Conflict
  • Chapters that engage in conflict:
    • Have lively, interesting meetings.
    • Extract and exploit the ideas of all Chapter members.
    • Solve real problems quickly.
    • Minimize politics.
    • Put critical topics on the table for discussion.
suggestions for overcoming dysfunction 2
Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 2
  • The first step is acknowledging that conflict is productive, and that many Chapters have a tendency to avoid it.
  • Members of Chapters must occasionally assume the role of a “negotiator” – someone who has the courage and confidence to call out sensitive issues and force Chapter members to work through them.
suggestions for overcoming dysfunction 21
Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 2
  • Real-Time Permission:
    • In the process, Chapter members need to coach one another not to retreat from healthy debate.
    • Remind them that what they are doing is necessary.
    • Once discussion or meeting has ended, remind participants that the conflict they just engaged in is good for the Chapter.
dysfunction 3 lack of commitment
Dysfunction #3: Lack of Commitment
  • A Chapter that fails to commit:
    • Creates uncertainty among the Chapter about direction and priorities.
    • Breeds lack of confidence and fear of failure.
    • Revisits discussions and decisions again and again.
    • Encourages second-guessing among Chapter members.
dysfunction 3 lack of commitment1
Dysfunction #3: Lack of Commitment
  • A Chapter that commits:
    • Creates clarity around direction and priorities.
    • Aligns the entire Chapter around common objectives.
    • Develops an ability to learn from mistakes.
    • Moves forward without hesitation.
    • Changes direction without hesitation or guilt.
dysfunction 3 lack of commitment2
Dysfunction #3: Lack of Commitment
  • The two greatest causes of the lack of commitment are the desire for general agreement and the need for certainty.
  • Great Chapters understand the danger of seeking consensus, and find ways to achieve buy-in even when complete agreement is impossible.
dysfunction 3 lack of commitment3
Dysfunction #3: Lack of Commitment
  • Consensus
    • Great Chapters understand that reasonable human beings do not need to get their way in order to support a decision, but only need to know that their opinions have been heard and considered.
dysfunction 3 lack of commitment4
Dysfunction #3: Lack of Commitment
  • Certainty
    • Great Chapters also pride themselves on being able to unite behind decisions and commit to clear courses of action even when there is little assurance about whether the decision is correct.
    • They also realize that it is better to make a decision boldly and be wrong – and then change direction with equal boldness – than to be indecisive.
suggestions for overcoming dysfunction 3
Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 3
  • Cascading Messaging – Ending a meeting, a Chapter reviews the key decisions made during the meeting, and agrees on what needs to be communicated to the other members.
suggestions for overcoming dysfunction 31
Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 3
  • One of the best tools for ensuring commitment is the use of clear deadlines regarding the decisions that were made.
suggestions for overcoming dysfunction 32
Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 3
  • Worst-Case Scenario Analysis – Briefly discuss or clarify the worst-case scenario for a decision you are struggling to make.
    • This usually allows you to reduce your fears by helping you realize that the cost of an incorrect decision is survivable, and far less damaging than you had imagined.
dysfunction 4 avoidance of accountability
Dysfunction #4: Avoidance of Accountability
  • In the context of Chapter work, it refers specifically to the willingness of Chapter members to call their peers on performance or behaviors that might hurt the Chapter.
dysfunction 4 avoidance of accountability1
Dysfunction #4: Avoidance of Accountability
  • A Chapter that avoids accountability:
  • Creates resentment among chapter members who have different standards of performance
  • Encourages mediocrity
  • Misses deadlines and key ministries
  • Places an undue burden on the chapter leader as the sole source of discipline
dysfunction 4 avoidance of accountability2
Dysfunction #4: Avoidance of Accountability
  • A Chapter that holds one another accountable:
    • Ensures that poor performers feel pressure to improve.
    • Identifies potential problems quickly by questioning one another’s approaches without hesitation.
    • Establishes respect among Chapter members who are held to the same high standards.
dysfunction 4 avoidance of accountability3
Dysfunction #4: Avoidance of Accountability
  • Publication of Goals and Standards–
    • Clarify publicly exactly what the Chapter needs to achieve, who needs to deliver what, and how everyone must behave in order to succeed.
accountability for today
Accountability for Today
  • All chapter officers in attendance for today’s leadership training
  • All State Rally Surveys turned in today
  • All Chapter yearly schedules turned in today
suggestions for overcoming dysfunction 4
Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 4
  • Simple and Regular Progress Reviews
  • Chapter members should regularly communicate with one another, either verbally or in written form, about how they feel their Chapter mates are doing against stated objectives and standards.
dysfunction 5 inattention to results
Dysfunction #5: Inattention to Results
  • The ultimate dysfunction of a Chapter is the tendency of members to care about something other than the collective goals of the group.
dysfunction 5 inattention to results1
Dysfunction #5: Inattention to Results
  • A Chapter that is not focused on results:
    • Becomes stagnate and fails to grow.
    • Rarely accomplishes their goals.
    • Encourages Chapter members to focus on their individual goals.
    • Is easily distracted.
dysfunction 5 inattention to results2
Dysfunction #5: Inattention to Results
  • A Chapter that focuses on collective results:
    • Retains achievement-oriented members.
    • Minimizes individualistic behavior.
    • Enjoys success and suffers failure for a short duration.
    • Benefits from individuals who suppress their own goals and interests for the good of the Chapter.
    • Avoids distractions.
suggestions for overcoming dysfunction 5
Suggestions for Overcoming Dysfunction 5
  • Public Declaration of Results
    • Chapters that are willing to commit publicly to specific results are more likely to work with a passionate, even desperate, desire to achieve those results.
    • Chapters that say, “We’ll do our best,” are preparing themselves for failure
      • What’s “best” mean?
summary
Summary
  • The reality remains that Chapter work ultimately comes down to practicing a small set of principles over a long period of time.
  • Success is a matter of embracing common sense with uncommon levels of discipline and persistence.