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The Watergate Scandal. The Collapse of the Nixon Administration. June 1972-August 1974. Watergate Complex, Washington, DC. Watergate Complex. The Burglars: Who Are These Men?. James McCord. Bernard Barker. Virgilio Gonzalez. Frank Sturgis. Eugenio Martinez.

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the watergate scandal

The Watergate Scandal

The Collapse of the Nixon Administration

the burglars who are these men
The Burglars: Who Are These Men?

James McCord

Bernard Barker

Virgilio Gonzalez

Frank Sturgis

Eugenio Martinez

the burglars who are these men6
The Burglars: Who Are These Men?

James McCord

Bernard Barker

Virgilio Gonzalez

Frank Sturgis

Eugenio Martinez

Bay of Pigs

Connections

the burglars who are these men7
The Burglars: Who Are These Men?

G. Gordon Liddy,

White House Staff,

CREEP Staff

James McCord,

Former CIA Agent,

Head of Security for the CREEP

Worked

for…

E. Howard Hunt,

Former CIA Agent,

Apptd to White House Staff, 1971

Hunt’s phone number

in McCord’s wallet

nixon whitehouse are they involved
Nixon Whitehouse: Are they involved?

President Richard Nixon

John Erhlichman,

Domestic Policy Advisor

HR Haldeman,

Chief of Staff

Former Attorney General,

head of CREEP

convicted january march 1973
Convicted January-March 1973

James McCord

Bernard Barker

Virgilio Gonzalez

Frank Sturgis

Eugenio Martinez

G Gordon Liddy

E Howard Hunt

convicted january march 197310
Convicted January-March 1973

James McCord

Bernard Barker

Virgilio Gonzalez

Frank Sturgis

Eugenio Martinez

G Gordon Liddy

E Howard Hunt

unraveling march may 1973
Unraveling, March-May 1973
  • March 1973: McCord claimed CREEP and White House knew of break in and coverup
  • April 1973: Haldeman, Ehrlichman resign; Nixon fired White House Counsel John Dean
  • May 17, 1973: Senate Select Committee (Watergate or Ervin Committee) began hearings
  • May 19, 1973: Nixon appted Archibald Cox Special Prosecutor; Elliott Richardson, Atty Genl.
watergate hearings who are these people
Watergate Hearings: Who are these people?
  • Introduced New Players: Donald Segretti, Gordon Strachan, Hugh Sloan, Charles Colson, Maurice Stans, Jeb Magruder…
unraveling june july 1973
Unraveling, June-July 1973
  • Watergate Hearings: “Dirty Tricks” campaign and “Plumbers” revealed
  • June 1973: Dean testified Nixon knew of break in and ordered coverup
  • July 17, 1973: Ervin Committee and Cox learned of White House taping system
  • July 1973: Ervin Committee and Cox subpoena tapes; Nixon resisted subpoenas
unraveling july nov 1973
Unraveling, July – Nov. 1973
  • Court battles over tapes; Nixon lost
  • October 20, 1973: Saturday Night Massacre. Richardson, Ruckelhaus resign; Cox fired. Firestorm erupted
  • October 21, 1973 and later: Impeachment proposed.
  • November 1973: Nixon appted Leon Jaworski Special Prosecutor
unraveling march 1974
Unraveling, March 1974
  • March 1, 1974: Special Prosecutor indicted Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell for obstruction of justice; Nixon an “unindicted co conspirator”
  • March 1974: House Judiciary Committee began impeachment hearings; subpoenaed tapes
nixon whitehouse are they involved indicted march 1974
Nixon Whitehouse: Are they involved? Indicted, March 1974

President Richard Nixon

John Erhlichman,

Domestic Policy Advisor

HR Haldeman,

Chief of Staff

Former Attorney General,

head of CREEP

unraveling march july 1974
Unraveling, March-July 1974
  • Continued court battles over tapes
  • April 30, 1974: Nixon released some transcripts
  • July 1974: Nixon lost in Supreme Court; tapes released
  • July 1974: House Judiciary Committee voted 3 articles of impeachment
august september 1974
August-September, 1974
  • August 5: “Smoking Gun” tape released
  • August 8: Nixon resigned
  • August 9: Gerald R. Ford sworn in as President
  • September 8: Ford pardoned Nixon
so what
So what…..
  • The system of checks and balances worked.
  • The nation’s political system was almost immobilzed for a year and a half
  • The Democrats made large gains in Congress in the fall 1974 midterm elections
  • Congress passed laws regulating the CIA, FBI, campaign finance, strengthened the Freedom of Information Act
so what20
So what….
  • Republican efforts to create and electoral majority were damaged
  • Meanwhile….
    • Vietnam War continued as US disengaged.
    • October 1973: Yom Kippur War in Middle East
    • October 1973: OPEC embargoed sale of oil to US