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Small Business Strategies Imitation with a Twist Learning Objectives LO1 Learn the decisions needed to establish a foundation for strategic planning LO2 Learn the forms of imitative and innovative businesses LO3 Articulate the benefits that win over customers

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small business strategies

Small Business Strategies

Imitation with a Twist

learning objectives
Learning Objectives

LO1 Learn the decisions needed to establish a foundation for strategic planning

LO2 Learn the forms of imitative and innovative businesses

LO3 Articulate the benefits that win over customers

LO4 Discover how industry changes affect strategy

learning objectives3
Learning Objectives

LO5 Understand the major strategies of business-differentiation, cost, and focus

LO6 Use SWOT analysis to identify strategic options.

LO7 Learn how to sustain competitive advantage through attracting customers and discouraging competition

strategy in the small business
Strategy in the Small Business
  • Strategy
    • the ideas and actions that explain how a firm will make its profit
strategy in the small business5
Strategy in the Small Business
  • Good strategy leads to greater chances for survival and higher profits for small businesses
  • What makes a strategy “good” is its fit to the particulars of your business and the resources you can bring to it
pre strategy five initial key decisions
Pre-strategy: Five initial key decisions
  • What do you expect out of the business?
  • What is your product or service idea
  • How innovative or imitative will you be?
  • Who will you serve – everyone or targeted markets only? (SCALE = mass or niche?)
  • Where do you plan to sell -- locally, regionally, nationally, globally? (SCOPE)
product service idea
Product/Service Idea
  • Entry wedge
    • An opportunity that makes it possible for a new business to gain a foothold in a market.
  • Supply shortages, Unutilized resources, Customer contracting, Second sourcing, Market relinquishment, Favored purchasing, Government rules
industry
Industry
  • Industry
    • The general name for the line of product or service being sold, or the firms in that line of business
    • Key is selecting an industry that offers good potential for making a profit
    • Also needs to offer attractive opportunities to work with a minimum of risk and competition
imitation and innovation
Imitation and Innovation
  • Imitative strategy
    • An overall strategic approach in which the entrepreneur does more or less what others are already doing.
  • Innovative strategy
    • An overall strategic approach in which a firm seeks to do something that is very different from what others in the industry are doing.
imitation and innovation12
Imitation and Innovation
  • Degree of similarity
    • The extent to which a product or service is like another.
  • Parallel competition
    • An imitative business that competes locally with others in the same industry.
imitation and innovation13
Imitation and Innovation
  • Pure innovation
    • The process of creating new products or services, which results in a previously unseen product or service.
markets
Markets
  • Market
    • business term for the population of customers for your product or service
  • Scope
    • geographic range covered by the market
    • Local to Global
markets15
Markets
  • Scale
    • size of the market
  • Mass market
    • large portions of the population
  • Niche market
    • narrowly defined segment of the population that is likely to share interests or concerns
scope local to global
Scope: Local to Global

Scope is important for two reasons:

  • Knowing your scope helps deciding where to focus sales and advertising efforts
  • Knowing your target market gives you a way to know which competitors to worry about most, namely those within your market scope
customers and benefits
Customers and Benefits

Some types of customers often seen as particularly attractive

  • Corporate customers
  • Loyal customers
  • Local customers
  • Passionate customers
value and cost benefits
Value and Cost Benefits
  • Benefits
    • characteristics of a product or service that the target customer would consider worthwhile
    • value benefit, cost benefit
  • The best way to identify desirable benefits is through potential customers
industry dynamics and analysis
Industry Dynamics and Analysis
  • Competitor
    • Any other business in the same industry as yours.
  • Industry dynamics
    • Changes in competitors, sales and profits in an industry over time.
industry dynamics and analysis20
Industry Dynamics and Analysis
  • Introduction stage
    • The life cycle stage in which the product or service is being invented and initially developed.
  • Growth stage
    • An industry life cycle stage in which customer purchases increase at a dramatic rate.
industry dynamics and analysis21
Industry Dynamics and Analysis
  • Boom
    • A type of life cycle growth stage marked by a very rapid increase in sales in a relatively short time.
  • Shake-out
    • A type of life cycle stage following a boom in which there is a rapid decrease in the number of firms in an industry.
industry dynamics and analysis22
Industry Dynamics and Analysis
  • Maturity stage
    • The third life cycle stage, marked by a stabilization of demand, with firms in the industry moving to stabilize or improve profits through cost strategies.
  • Decline stage
    • A life cycle stage in which sales and profits of the firm begin a falling trend.
industry dynamics and analysis23
Industry Dynamics and Analysis
  • Retrenchment
    • An organizational life cycle stage in which established firms must find new approaches to improve the business and its chances for survival.
tool industry analysis
Tool: Industry Analysis
  • Industry analysis (IA)
    • A research process that provides the entrepreneur with key information about the industry, such as its current situation and trends.
tool industry analysis26
Tool: Industry Analysis
  • Gross profit
    • Funds left over after deducting the cost of goods sold.
  • Net profit
    • The amount of money left after operating expenses are deducted from the business.
  • Profit before taxes
    • The amount of profit earned by a business before calculating the amount of income tax owed.
strategy selection and implementation
Strategy Selection and Implementation
  • Generic strategies
    • Three widely applicable classic strategies for businesses of all types—differentiation, cost, and focus.
  • Differentiation strategy
    • A type of generic strategy aimed at clarifying how one product is unlike another in a mass market.
strategy selection and implementation28
Strategy Selection and Implementation
  • Cost strategy
    • A generic strategy aimed at mass markets in which a firm offers a combination of cost benefits that appeals to the customer.
  • Focus strategy
    • A generic strategy that targets a portion of the market, called a segment or niche .
tool swot analysis
Tool: SWOT Analysis
  • Strengths
    • characteristics of the business or team that give it an advantage over others in the industry.
  • Weaknesses
    • characteristics that place the firm at a disadvantage relative to others
tool swot analysis31
Tool: SWOT Analysis
  • Opportunities
    • chances to make greater sales or profits in the environment
  • Threats
    • elements in the environment that could cause trouble for the business.
swot analysis combinations
SWOT AnalysisCombinations
  • Strategic direction
    • The conceptualization of how a business might best move in response to the findings of a SWOT analysis—Flaunt, Fix, Fight, Flee, Find, or Fire-up.

Figure 7.4

post start up strategy
Post Start-Up Strategy
  • Competitive advantage
    • The particular way a firm implements customer benefits that keeps the firm ahead of other firms in the industry or market.
post start up strategy35
Post Start-Up Strategy
  • Resources
    • Any asset, capability, organizational process, information, or knowledge that contributes to the firm’s performance
    • Tangible, Intangible
organizational capabilities
Organizational Capabilities
  • Organizational capabilities
    • abilities, skills, and competencies used by the firm to make profits from tangible and intangible resources
  • Transformational competencies
    • firm can make its product or service better in value
  • Combinational competencies
    • combining tangible and intangible resources
organizational capabilities37
Organizational Capabilities
  • Valuable resource
    • An asset, capability, organizational process, information, or knowledge that lets a firm take advantage of opportunities or lock out competitors.
  • Rare resource
    • An asset, capability, organizational process, information, or knowledge that is not generally available to competitors.