renewable energy initiatives in the caribbean l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Renewable Energy Initiatives in the Caribbean PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Renewable Energy Initiatives in the Caribbean

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 34

Renewable Energy Initiatives in the Caribbean - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 252 Views
  • Uploaded on

Renewable Energy Initiatives in the Caribbean. Paper presented at Workshop on Climate Change Enabling Activity – Jamaica by Mona Whyte Caribbean Energy Information System. CEIS Participating Countries in the Caribbean Region. Classification of countries. ENERGY IN THE CARIBBEAN.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Renewable Energy Initiatives in the Caribbean' - jaden


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
renewable energy initiatives in the caribbean

Renewable Energy Initiatives in the Caribbean

Paper presented at Workshop on Climate Change Enabling Activity – Jamaica

by

Mona Whyte

Caribbean Energy Information System

energy in the caribbean
ENERGY IN THE CARIBBEAN
  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • HIGH DEPENDENCE ON OIL AS A MAJOR SOURCE OF COMMERCIAL ENERGY, WHICH IN THE MAJORITY OF CASES IS IMPORTED WITH IMPACT ON THE BALANCE OF TRADE.
  • RELATIVELY HIGH INCOME FROM TOURISM
  • EXPOSED TO NEGATIVE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGES AND ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGES (SEA LEVEL RISING, HURRICANES, FLOODING, CORAL REEF IN DANGER)
energy in the caribbean contd
ENERGY IN THE CARIBBEAN contd
  • DEPENDENCE ON TRADITIONAL BIOMASS FUELS LIKE FUELWOOD, CHARCOAL AND PLANT AND ANIMAL WASTE
  • UNEQUAL DISTRIBUTION OF AVAILABLE RESOURCES OF OIL, COAL, NATURAL GAS AND HYDROENERGY POTENTIAL
  • SUBSTANTIAL RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY,
energy in the caribbean contd6
ENERGY IN THE CARIBBEAN contd
  • LOW ELECTRIFICATION RATE IN SOME LARGE HINTERLANDS (GUYANA, BELIZE)
  • LOW DENSITY OF RURAL POPULATION
  • LOW PURCHASING POWER
  • ECONOMIC DIFFICULTIES
  • LITTLE ACCESS TO INTERNATIONAL FINANCING
the petroleum situation in the caribbean
The Petroleum Situation in the Caribbean
  • Total commercial electricity generation in 1997 in the 16 CEIS countries was approx. 23.000 GWh of which about 93 % came from fossil fuels resulting in 21Mio tons of CO2.
  • In figures of 1997, the increase from 2% to 5% would result in an avoidance of CO2 emissions of some 680.000 tons/a
slide9

Energy Consumption in the Caribbean

Data does not include energy consumption for Bahamas, Belize, Cuba and Suriname

  • THE REGION CONSUMES ON AVERAGE 90 MILLION BBLS OF PETROLEUM EACH YEAR
  • BETWEEN 1993 AND 2002 ENERGY CONSUMPTION HAS GROWN BY OVER 36%
  • CONTINUES TO GROW AT A RATE OF APPROXIMATELY 4% PER ANNUM
  • THIS CAN BE CONVERTED TO TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR
slide10

Energy Import Costs vs Total Merchandise Import Costs

  • THE REGION SPENDS ON AVERAGE US$2.54 BILLION EACH YEAR ON PETROLEUM IMPORTS.
  • PETROLEUM IMPORTS REPRESENT SOME 21% OF ALL OTHER IMPORTS (DRUGS, FOOD ETC)
slide11

Energy Imports Costs vs Earnings

  • THE REGION EARNS ON AVERAGE EACH YEAR US$14.4 BILLION FROM EXPORTS OF GOODS AND SERVICES (Bauxite, sugar, rice bananas, gold, petroleum products, tourism etc)
  • FROM THIS US$14.4 BILLION, US$2.5 BILLION OR 17% OF EARNINGS HAVE TO BE USED TO PURCHASE ENERGY
renewable energy projects in the caribbean
Renewable Energy Projects in the Caribbean

BARBADOS

  • 10 MW windfarm at Lamberts St Lucy to come on stream later in the year
  • Certification program of companies which manufacture solar water heaters from Florida Solar Energy Centre.
  • 38,000 residential solar water heaters.
  • Establishment of a Renewable Energy Centre for Training and exposition

BELIZE

  • Challillo Dam to come on stream shortly.
  • Provide additional storage for existing “run of river”facilities
  • Will move output from 359GWhs to 440GWhs
  • 2MW hydroplant HydroMaya southern part of the country.
  • Belcogen – 13 MW bagasse co-generation plant from sugar factories. Will sell excess to grid
renewable energy projects in the caribbean15
Renewable Energy Projects in the Caribbean

DOMINICA

  • Have identified some 7 to 9 Wind sites. Need to move to data collection.
  • 7 MW of installed capacity already.
  • Participates in the GeoCaraibe initiative which is looking at development of geothermal energy in St Kitts, Dominica, and St Lucia
  • Draft geothermal Bill to look at regulation and legislation.).

GUYANA

  • 12 MW windfarm at Hope Beach on the East Coast – late 2005 – early 2006
  • 0.5 MW Moco – Moco Hydro power plant out of commission – experienced severely damaged penstock
renewable energy projects in the caribbean16
Renewable Energy Projects in the Caribbean

GUADELOUPE

  • 4MW Pilot geothermal plant since 1986
  • 18.1 MW wind farm

JAMAICA

  • 20 MW Wind farm at Wigton – Manchester
  • Expansion of Hydropower at Laughlands – St. Ann
  • Establishment of Policy for all Public Sector entities – schools, hospitals, Government Buildings needing hot water must use Solar Energy
  • US$10M Upgrade of Petrojam Ethanol Plant to begin production of Ethanol by late July 2005
renewable energy projects in the caribbean17
Renewable Energy Projects in the Caribbean

ST. LUCIA

  • MOU signed with company – United network of the Eastern Caribbean to look at the exploration of geothermal energy in St Lucia.
  • Participates in the GeoCaraibe initiative which is looking at development of geothermal energy in St Kitts, Dominica, and St Lucia.
  • Draft geothermal Bill to look at regulation and legislation.
  • St Lucia/ UNIDO project for Credit Unions to finance for the Domestic market.

ST. VINCENT

Plans to establish a 2MW windfarm based on studies showing sites in Myreau and Canuoan

  • Currently have a capacity of 5.2MW of hydropower.
  • Plans for expansion of 2 existing plants at South Rivers and Richmond to about 2MW.
renewable energy projects in the caribbean18
Renewable Energy Projects in the Caribbean

HYDR0 POWER

  • Has installed capacity of 25MW (Belize).
  • Has installed capacity of 57.4 MW (Cuba).
  • Has installed capacity of 7.6 MW (Dominica).
  • Has installed capacity of 21.5 MW (Jamaica).
  • Has installed capacity of 5.6 MW (St Vincent).
  • Has installed capacity of 189 MW (Suriname)

WIND POWER

  • Have identified some 7 to 9 Wind sites. Need to move to data collection. Dominica
  • 12 MW windfarm at Hope Beach on the East Coast – late 2005 – early 2006 - Guyana
  • 10 MW windfarm at Lamberts St Lucy to come on stream later in the year- Barbados
  • 18.1 MW wind farm – installed. (Guadeloupe)
  • 20 MW windfarm at Wigton, Manchester - installed (Jamaica)
renewable energy projects in the caribbean19
Renewable Energy Projects in the Caribbean

SOLAR ENERGY

  • Certification program of companies which manufacture solar water heaters from Florida Solar Energy Centre.(Barbados)
  • 38,000 residential solar water heaters.(Barbados)
  • Establishment of a Renewable Energy Centre for Training and exposition (.Barbados).
  • Establishment of Policy for all Public Sector entities – schools, hospitals, Government Buildings needing hot water must use Solar Energy (Jamaica)
  • St Lucia/ UNIDO project for Credit Unions to finance for the Domestic market.(St Lucia).

BIOMASS

  • Belcogen – 13 MW bagasse co-generation plant from sugar factories. Will sell excess to grid
  • US$10M Upgrade of Petrojam Ethanol Plant to begin production of Ethanol by late July 2005
renewable energy projects in the caribbean20
Renewable Energy Projects in the Caribbean

GEOTHERMAL

  • OAS/GTZ GeoCaraibe initiative which is looking at quantifying the resources and development of geothermal energy in St Kitts, Dominica, and St Lucia.
  • Draft geothermal Bill to look at regulation and legislation. (St Kitts, Dominica, St Lucia.
  • 4 MW Pilot geothermal plant since 1986. – (Guadeloupe)
  • MOU signed with company – United network of the Eastern Caribbean to look at the exploration of geothermal energy (St Lucia).
slide21

OTHER INITIATIVES

  • Caribbean Renewable Energy Development (CREDP)
  • Caribbean Energy Efficiency Project
  • The Caribbean and the Clean Mechanism Project
objectives
OBJECTIVES

IMPROVE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT IN RE FOR THE PRIVATE SECTOR:

  • Private sector will only investment in RE projects if the energy policy environment is supportive.

- Divert investments from oil / petroleum based energy sector towards

RE investments through provision of incremental costs and other

supporting measures.

- Involve the utilities as key partners

    • Significant RE investment in the Caribbean
    • Utilities are key players in the energy sector
feasibility assessment phase
FEASIBILITY ASSESSMENT PHASE

BARRIERS STUDY

  • EXAMINED BARRIERS TO RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT
  • BARRIERS WERE FOUND AT THE LEVEL OF
    • POLICY
    • FINANCING
    • CAPACITY BUILDING
    • AWARENESS/INFORMATION
implementation co ordination
IMPLEMENTATION / CO-ORDINATION
  • CARICOM Secretariat responsible
  • Project Management Steering Committee for oversight
slide26

FUND MANAGEMENT

  • An Investment Fund for project financing based on equity of the private sector and (partly concessionary) loans of the financial sector with a moderateinvestment volume of US$10M
  • A Financial Assistance Fund on a non-grant basis of some US$1.6M
  • A Technical Assistance fund on a grant basis.
  • A Loan Guarantee Fund for the protectionof the borrower
the caribbean and the clean mechanism project
The Caribbean and the Clean Mechanism Project
  • Power Sector Baseline Study
  • Capacity Building
power sector baseline study
POWER SECTOR BASELINE STUDY
  • Objectives:
  • Simplify the CDM Project review process and reduce
  • transactions costs.
  • Attract Investment to the Region
  • Contribute to the necessary infrastructure to support
  • project development.
power sector baseline study30
POWER SECTOR BASELINE STUDY

Rationale for a regional baseline approach vs an individual

country approach

  • A smaller island states individually did not have the advantage of economies of scale.
  • A larger grouping of countries could attract larger investments to the region as a whole result of projects arising from CDM activities.
  • Most of the countries Power Sectors had similar generating histories, fuel use and technologies.
capacity building
Capacity Building

Three regional workshops were held to train Persons in baseline analyses and

benchmarking:

  • St. Lucia
  • Grenada
  • Barbados
caribbean energy efficiency project
Caribbean Energy Efficiency Project

OLADE/GEF/UNDP

  • Energy Efficiency Policy and Regulation
  • Commercial Enterprise Development
  • Awareness and Information Management
  • Training and Human Capacity Building
  • Financing Alternatives