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INTERIOR PLANTS. “PLANT PESTS”. PREVENTION. Monitor Regularly Sanitation Supplier Quarantine Alter Conditions. CURES. Chemicals Lots of federal, state and industry regulations Uniform application can be effective Soap - limited effectiveness Hand Removal - Time consuming. CURES, 2.

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prevention
PREVENTION
  • Monitor Regularly
  • Sanitation
  • Supplier
  • Quarantine
  • Alter Conditions
cures
CURES
  • Chemicals
    • Lots of federal, state and industry regulations
    • Uniform application can be effective
  • Soap - limited effectiveness
  • Hand Removal - Time consuming
cures 2
CURES, 2
  • Cotton, alcohol swabs - time consuming, homeowner
  • Biological Controls - Knowledge base needed, $, must be prepared with sources
  • IPM- Use pesticides, bioloicals, cultural methods to gain control, detect early, monitoring, sticky tags
biologicals
BIOLOGICALS
  • Program Design- We will look at this in depth in the future
  • Chemical Use- Limited, use 30 days before release
  • Timing- Before population explosion, may take 6-8 weeks to see results
  • Insects- Specific insect for each crop
sucking insects aphids
SUCKING INSECTS - APHIDS
  • Aphids:
    • “Plant louse” in shoots and on backs of leaves
    • Curl and discolor foliage
    • Honeydew harbors black mold
    • Chemicals include micro- encapsulated, foam, bombs, etc.
two spotted spider mites
TWO SPOTTED SPIDER MITES
  • Spider Mites - scourge of the interior industry
    • Mottled or sandblasted appearance, check undersides
    • Fine webbing
    • Magnifying glass & white paper
    • Dry air, estivate in wood
scale
SCALE
  • Scale-
    • Oval, undersides along veins
    • Plants yellow and die, inject toxin
    • Notoriously hard to eradicate
    • 6000 species, Soft waxy shell produces honeydew, armored don’t. Denatured alcohol helps
mealy bugs
MEALY BUGS
  • Mealy Bugs
    • Looks like pink to white cotton
    • Found in leaf axils and crevices
    • Alcohol dehydrates them
    • Leaf distortion, yellowing, stunt, and honeydew, injects toxin
    • Remain in soil and thatch
white flies
WHITE FLIES
  • White Flies
    • “Flying Dandruff” Size of fruit fly
    • Leaves yellow and drop
    • Reproduce in 3 days so spray multiple times a week
    • Waxy coating repels chemicals
fungus gnats
FUNGUS GNATS
  • Fungus Gnats-
    • Size of fruit fly
    • Lives on organic material
    • Larvae of small worms found in unsterile soils
    • Low pH limits
leaf miners
LEAF MINERS
  • Leaf miners-
    • Found on wide array of ornamentals & vegetables
    • Rapidly develop resistance to insecticides
    • Neem seed extracts seem to be useful
thrips
THRIPS
  • Thrips-
    • Tiny with two pair of wings, tan
    • Streaking or browning, stunting, and distortion
    • Transported by wind and carry virus organisms
    • Target buds, flowers, and foliage ­