Personality disorders
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Personality Disorders - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Personality Disorders. Various inflexible maladaptive behavior patterns/traits that may impair functioning and relationships Usually remains in touch with reality Lacks insight into behaviors Stress exacerbates manifestations Severe cases may deteriorate into psychotic state.

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Personality disorders
Personality Disorders

  • Various inflexible maladaptive behavior patterns/traits that may impair functioning and relationships

  • Usually remains in touch with reality

  • Lacks insight into behaviors

  • Stress exacerbates manifestations

  • Severe cases may deteriorate into psychotic state

Cluster a odd eccentric group


Schizoid personality

Scizo-typal personality

Paranoid personality

Schizoid personality d o
Schizoid personality D/O

  • C/B inability to form close relationships

  • Social detachment/solitary life

  • Aloof/indifferent

  • Restricted expression of emotion

  • Lacks interest in others

Schizotypal personality d o
Schizotypal personality D/O

  • C/B exhibits abnormal /unusual thoughts,perceptions,speech,behavior patterns

  • Suspicious

  • Paranoid

  • Magical thinking

  • Odd thinking/speech

  • Relationship deficits

Paranoid personality d o
Paranoid Personality D/O

  • C/B suspiciousness, mistrust of others

  • Argumentative

  • Hostile aloofness

  • Rigid, critical, controlling of others

  • Grandiosity

Cluster c anxious fearful group

CLUSTER”C” Anxious – Fearful Group

Avoidant personality

Dependent personality

Obsessive Compulsive personality

Passive- Aggressive personality

Avoidant personality disorder
Avoidant Personality Disorder

  • C/B social withdrawal

  • Hypersensitive to rejection,criticism

  • Feels inadequate

  • Social inhibition

  • Lacks support system

Obsessive compulsive personality d o
Obsessive Compulsive Personality D/O

  • Need to control others

  • Difficulty expressing warmth/tenderness

  • Reflects perfectionism/devoted to work

  • Overly conscientious/inflexible

  • Preoccupied with details

  • May hoard worthless objects

Dependent personality disorder
Dependent Personality disorder

  • C/B lack of self confidence

  • Fears independence/lacks autonomy

  • Passively allows others to make decisions and assume responsibility for major areas of their life

  • Cannot tolerate being alone

  • Needs others to make desicions

Cluster b






Histrionic personality d o
Histrionic Personality D/O

  • C/B Overly dramatic, intensively expressive

  • Enjoys being the center of attention

  • Poor interpersonal relationships

  • Romantic fantasies and control of partners

  • Easily bored

  • Displays dependency

Narcissistic personality d o
Narcissistic Personality D/O

  • C/B increased sense of self –importance

  • Pre-occupied with fantasies /unlimited success/constant need for attention & admiration

  • Grandiosity/inflates accomplishments

  • Lacks empathy/sensitivity to others needs

Antisocial personality disorder
Antisocial Personality Disorder

  • C/B irresponsible and antisocial behavior

  • Self-centered, inability to maintain relationships,irritability, unreliable

  • Poor sexual adjustment/inability to delay gratification

  • Aggressive, impulsive, manipulative

  • Poor judgment

  • Conflict with authority

  • Poor work history

  • Failure to handle responsibility

Nursing diagnosis
Nursing Diagnosis

  • Ineffective Coping-r/t inability to form valid appraisal of stressors,inability to use available resources

Expected outcomes the client will

  • Immediate- * Not harm self/others

  • Identify behaviors leading to hospitalization

  • Functions within limits of therapeutic mileu

Outcomes continued the client will
Outcomes continuedThe client will:

  • Stabilization-

    Demonstrate nondestructive ways to deal with stress and frustration.

    Identify ways to meet own needs that do not infringe on the rights of others

  • Community-

    Achieve /maintain satisfactory work performance

    Meet own needs without exploiting or infringing on the rights of others


  • Provide model for mature appropriate behavior

  • Observe strict limit-setting by all staff

  • Be consistent and firm with care plan –essential

  • Monitor own responses to clients

  • Demonstrate concern/interest

  • Reinforce positive behaviors(socialization.conforming to limits)

  • Avoid power struggles

Borderline personality disorder
Borderline Personality Disorder

  • C/B unstable interpersonal relationships

  • Impulsive/unpredictable behaviors

  • Chronic feelings of emptiness

  • Extreme shifts in mood/depression

  • Easily bored/argumentative

  • Self-destructive behaviors

  • Splitting, manipulative

  • Inability to tolerate anxiety

Nursing diagnosis1
Nursing Diagnosis

  • Risk for Self- Mutilation- r/t impulsive behavior ; Displays of temper Inability to express feelings verbally; Physically self-damaging acts;Attention seeking behaviors; Ineffective coping skills

  • Ineffective coping- r/t inability to form valid appraisal of stressors; inability to use available resources

  • Social Isolation- r/t chronic feelings of boredom/emptiness;Manipulation of others;alternate clinging/avoidance behaviors

Expected outcomes the client will1

  • Immediate-Be free from immediate injury; Not harm others or destroy property; Diminish efforts to manipulate staff or other clients(splitting-behaviors)

  • Stabilization- Eliminate acting-out behaviors;Verbalization of plans to moderate lifestyle

  • Community-Demonstrate effective problem-solving:Develop social support outside hospital


  • Protect from self-mutilation

  • Suicide assessment

  • Establish therapeutic relationship

  • Calm approach

  • Set limits

  • Consistent staff/planning

  • Prevent client from manipulating other clients/visitors

  • Teach relaxation techniques

Passive aggressive personality
Passive-Aggressive personality

  • C/B passively expresses covert aggression rather than dealing with it

  • Procrastinates

  • Stubborn

  • Intentional inefficiency

  • Forgetfulness

  • Dependency

Review questions

The client with an antisocial personality d/o approaches various staff with numerous requests. The best response by the nurse would be:

a)Give the client a written list of permissible requests.

b) Have the client make requests only to the assigned staff person

c) Limit the client to the day room area

d)Tell the client to remain in his or her room until approached by staff

The nurse assesses a client to be at risk for self-mutilation, and implements a no-self-harm contract. The safety contract would be effective when the client:

  • withdraws to her room when feeling overwhelmed.

  • notifies staff when anxiety is increasing

  • suppresses feelings of anger

  • Talks to other clients about urges to hurt herself

A 31 year old client with dependent personality d/o has been living at home with very supportive parents. He is making plans for Independent Living in the community. He tells the nurse “ I don’t know if I can make it on my without my parents.” The nurse responds therapeutically by saying:

  • “You are a 31 year old adult now, not a child who needs his parents to care for him.”

  • “ You and your parents need a break from each other; it will be good for both of you.”

  • “Your parents have been supportive and can continue to be even if you live apart.

  • “ Your parents won’t be around forever.”