New Criticism. Writing a New Critical Paper and Conclusion. Writing: (Textbook: p. 47). 1. Central idea and Thesis statement; 2. All the other elements should be analyzed in terms of the thesis statement; 3. Quotations; 4.the use of lit. terms;
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Writing a New Critical Paper and
Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness,
Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun;
Conspiring with him how to load and bless
With fruit the vines that round the thatch-eves run;
To bend with apples the moss'd cottage-trees,
And fill all fruit with ripeness to the core;
To swell the gourd, and plump the hazel shells
With a sweet kernel; to set buddingmore,
And still more, later flowers for the bees,
Until they think warm days will never cease,
For Summer has o'er-brimm'd their clammy cells.
Who hath not seen thee oft amid thy store?
Sometimes whoever seeks abroad may find
Thee sittingcareless on a granary floor,
Thy hair soft-lifted by the winnowing wind;
Or on a half-reap'd furrow sound asleep,
Drows'd with the fume of poppies, while thy hook
Spares the next swath and all its twined flowers:
And sometimes like a gleaner thou dost keep
Steady thy laden head across a brook;
Or by a cyder-press, with patient look,
Thou watchest the lastoozingshours by hours.
Where are the songs of Spring? Ay, where are they?
Think not of them, thou hast thy music too,--
While barred cloudsbloom the soft-dying day,
And touch the stubble-plains with rosy hue;
Then in a wailful choir the small gnatsmourn
Among the river sallows, borne aloft
Or sinking as the light windlives or dies;
And full-grown lambs loud bleat from hilly bourn;
Hedge-crickets sing; and now with treble soft
The red-breast whistles from a garden-croft;
And gathering swallows twitter in the skies.
Nature runs in cycles, but Keats’s “To Autumn” focuses on the sensual beauties of autumn in its very moments--but not what comes before or after.
Autumn’s beauties are shown in its bountiful harvest and storage, in its various and transient music, both of which, though suggesting winter and nearing death, are enhanced and prolonged by the mellifluous sounds and long vowels.
1. the sensual beauties of autumn in its very moments--early, mid and late autumn with their specific kinds of beauty.
2. Transience vs. prolonging the effects
A. examples of transience + prolongment:
1. From “never cease” to last oozing,bloom the soft-dying day, stubble-plains, gnats
2. Actions gets smaller and smaller, but accumulated to show autumn’s richness
B. effects prolonged by the mellifluous sounds and long vowels.
C. Long sentences throughout the whole poem.
Theory and Criticism
how you act
the ground beneath your feet; the window or lens through which you look at the world.
The method of close reading (text-and-only- the-text approach): working from parts to whole and vice versa.
Key words in New Criticism: ambiguities, paradox, irony, tension.
1. Do you think that poetry can be autonomous, detached from its social and historical environment? That literature can have universal meanings?
2. Do you think that we definitely can find out textual unity?
3. For New Critics, the unity in the best literary work is achieved through paradox, irony and ambiguity. Do you agree?
4. Do you think that we can determine our life?
4. Do you agree that life is filled with paradoxes, conflicts and ambiguities?