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Newspapers in the Digital Age

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  1. Newspapers in the Digital Age Michael E. Unsworth MSU Libraries unsworth@msu.edu

  2. Current Tribulations:www.onthemedia.org/

  3. OUTLINE • Nature & Function • Modes: • Print • Microfilm • Digital • Observations and Remarks

  4. Nature and Function of Newspapers

  5. WHAT IS A NEWSPAPER?AN EXISTENTIAL MATTER 15 USCS § 1802: "a publication produced on newsprint paper which is published in one or more issues weekly (including as one publication any daily newspaper and any Sunday newspaper published by the same owner in the same city, community, or metropolitan area), and in which a substantial portion of the content is devoted to the dissemination of news and editorial opinion.”

  6. WHAT IS A NEWSPAPER?

  7. TRANSMOGRIFY

  8. FROM MOUTHPIECE…

  9. TO ADVERTISING DELIVERY SYSTEM

  10. EDITIONS From 1990-2009, it had: • L.A. ed. • Orange County ed. (ceased) • Venture County ed. • Inland Empire ed. • San Diego County ed. (ceased) • National ed. (ceased)

  11. Constantly Evolving Partial Genealogy. In 1956: • Examiner (Brooklyn, N.Y.) MERGED WITH American Hebrew (1935 ) TO BECOME • American examiner • Jewish week and the American examiner • New York Jewish week and the American examiner • New York Jewish Week

  12. PRINT MODE

  13. ACCESSING CONTENT WAS DIFFICULT

  14. MICROFILM MODE

  15. PUBLICLY AVAILABLE INDEXES

  16. DIGITAL MODE

  17. AGGREGATOR PROLIFERATION

  18. INDEXING • Keyword, e.g. Factiva (articles from hundreds of newspapers):trash or garbage or solid waste • Subject, e.g., National Newspaper Abstracts (of 3 major newspapers):waste materials

  19. Its eAP “database that holds all AP content and delivers news in all formats: text, audio, photos, video, etc. There is access to eAP from multiple channels. Eventually eAP will replace the current text archive. It currently contains more than 65 million documents.” • AVAILABLE ONLY TO THE AP ORGANIZATION ITS MEMBERSHIP, AND SUBSCRIBERS .

  20. DIGITIZATION PROJECTS

  21. MOST HISTORICAL NEWSPAPERS ARE DIGITIZED FROM MICROFILM

  22. FREE ARTICLE FROM GOOGLE NEWS

  23. ProQuest’s Digital Microfilm™ Full Image Complete newspaper issues in the original full-image context Ownership Digital access and the benefit of permanent holdings Remote Access Increase usage and return on microfilm investment Save Time, money, and resources © 2009 ProQuest LLC

  24. Observations and Remarks

  25. YOU GET WHAT PAY FOR

  26. DATA LOSS

  27. “Huggins said that he sold Paper of Record to Google in 2006, but that the deal was secret until late last year, when Google exercised its right to have Huggins stop managing the site. At that point, Huggins expected a transition to having the material appear on Google, but the material just disappeared from public view. “

  28. EDITION CONFUSION EXACERBATED:WHICH ONE SHOULD BE ARCHIVED?

  29. ARE VIDEOS ARCHIVED?

  30. MICROFILM HAS ITS USES

  31. WHAT’S A SCHOLAR TO DO? CONSULT WITH YOUR LIBRARIANS http://staff.lib.msu.edu/harris23 /news/newspgu.htm

  32. SUMMING UP • Nature & Function of Newspapers • Modes: • Print • Microfilm • Digital

  33. END

  34. ADDRESSES • Digitization Help: Elizabeth Bollinger 432-6123 x298 bolling7@mail.lib.msu.edu • Newspaper Guide: http://staff.lib.msu.edu/harris23 /news/newspgu.htm