how emerging trends and technologies will affect the library l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
How Emerging Trends and Technologies Will Affect the Library PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
How Emerging Trends and Technologies Will Affect the Library

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 34

How Emerging Trends and Technologies Will Affect the Library - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

How Emerging Trends and Technologies Will Affect the Library. John Burke ALAO SSIG Spring Workshop May 8-9, 2003. Coping and keeping up. Where’s the wind blowing? What’s new? How do I prepare? Will I be working in a library in 10 years? 5? Contrasting examples; stories that teach

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

How Emerging Trends and Technologies Will Affect the Library

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
how emerging trends and technologies will affect the library

How Emerging Trends and Technologies Will Affect the Library

John Burke

ALAO SSIG Spring Workshop

May 8-9, 2003

coping and keeping up
Coping and keeping up
  • Where’s the wind blowing?
  • What’s new? How do I prepare? Will I be working in a library in 10 years? 5?
  • Contrasting examples; stories that teach
  • A list of lessons learned and steps to follow
library technology truths
Library technology truths
  • Dual technology needs: streamline our workflow and serve the public
  • Add popular technologies both by demand and proactively
  • We create our own systems on occasion
  • Budget pressures often slow changes
  • New items both replace and complement
  • Both products and processes
  • Computers are a key technology today, but not the only crucial one
failure the rudolph indexer
Failure – the Rudolph Indexer
  • View 175 catalog cards at once
  • 12,000+ cards in single indexer
  • Too expensive; never caught on
success shared cataloging
Success – Shared cataloging
  • MARC records
  • OCLC
  • Cooperation continues
technologies on the rise
Technologies on the rise
  • Handhelds – Palm Pilots, Pocket PCs, Cell phones, Tablet PCs
  • Wireless networking
  • Open source software
  • MP3s
  • DVDs
  • E-books
  • Full-text reference books and periodicals
what can we learn
What can we learn?
  • Three possibilities for each new technology:
    • Essential technologies that last (DDC, OPAC, etc.)
    • “Flashes in the pan” that never materialize (Rudolph Indexer, bubble memory, etc.)
    • Transitional technologies that have shorter lifespans (8-track tapes, records, etc.)
  • We hope to choose 1 early, accept 3 before it’s too late, and avoid 2 altogether
trends in society
Trends in society
  • 66% of Americans use computers at home or work (over 54% use the Internet)
  • Reading habits: more “scanning”
  • 90% of children and teens use computers
  • 50% of homes have DVD players
  • 42% of U.S. adults are not Internet users (Pew Internet Study)
thumb tribe
“Thumb tribe”
  • Technology  Society  Biology (?)
  • oyayubizoku – Japanese (or “clan of the thumb”)
how do we adjust to the trends
How do we adjust to the trends?
  • Mixed bag
  • Stress customer service
  • Patrons want self-suffiency
  • Patrons need guides and helpers
  • We need to be flexible – alter workflow, policies
trends in libraries
Trends in libraries
  • Nearly universal Internet access in public libraries
  • Graying of profession (63% of librarians are > 45)
  • Less spending on books, but higher circulation
  • Budget cutbacks
  • More and bigger electronic resources to buy
  • Audiovisual spending is growing
  • 24/7/365 access and assistance
  • Buildings – need flexible, tech-friendly spaces
  • Digital reference – chat, email
  • Focus on adaptive devices and web design
major issues to solve
Major issues to solve
  • Copyright
  • Confidentiality – USA Patriot Act, etc.
  • Access – “digital divide”
  • Library budgets
  • Archiving of digital resources (& long-term access)
  • One-stop access to resources – easy interfaces
  • More fee, less free resources
  • Spam, cyberterrorism, and the regulated Internet
  • Marketing the library, finding niches
  • Cooperation among libraries
where to turn
Where to turn?
  • It’s always been this way to some degree
  • Libraries must have a voice in solutions
  • Stay in communication
  • Stay a little behind, but still see who’s up front
  • Be informed (Technology Awareness Resources handout at
a tale of two libraries
A tale of two libraries
  • Cerritos Library, Cerritos, CA (
  • Oscar Johnson Memorial Library, Silverhill, AL (
what does our library need
What does our library need?
  • Know thy community
  • Consider the budget
  • Don’t fear change
  • Remember Truth #1
  • Take a few leaps of faith
visions of the future yesterday
Visions of the Future:Yesterday
  • Charles Ammi Cutter (1883)
  • The Buffalo Public Library in 1983
  • Guessed wrong:
    • Sprawling, many floored library
    • An army of uniformed pages
    • Scrupulously clean and dust free
    • Multiple “reading rooms”
  • Guessed right:
    • Fax machines, interlibrary loan, photocopying
    • Mass electric power
  • Based his thoughts on what he could see
visions of the future today
Visions of the future:Today
  • Raymond Kurzweil (2000)
  • The “Terminator” future
    • 2009 – wearable computers
    • 2019 – books are rarely used
    • 2029 – implants connect us to the Internet
  • Libraries fade away
  • Unabated development of technology
  • We’ll have to wait and see
vision 1 it s alive
Vision #1: “It’s Alive!”
  • Primary access to information is electronic
  • Most users access materials remotely
  • Private companies offer content and access equal to and beyond that of libraries – competition and outsourcing
  • Our interaction with the Internet and networked information sources becomes a single interface, perhaps voice responsive
  • Library cannot compete as a public space – home becomes central
vision 2 ozymandias
Vision #2: Ozymandias
  • Things fall apart: current tech cannot be sustained
  • Bleeding edge stops bleeding
  • Archival issues end e-resource use
  • Declining funds push libraries to print only
  • Terrorism makes networks unworkable
  • Libraries survive as they always have, and grow as centers of information and learning
  • A step back, or a step ahead?
vision 3 today tomorrow
Vision #3: Today & tomorrow
  • Public, academic, school, & special libraries
  • Near-universal Internet access (thanks to us)
  • Many electronic resources
  • Declining periodical collections
  • Growth of e-books and other publications on handheld devices
  • Remote access to resources is available, and growing in use
  • Library is still a vital spot for the community
the future for support staff
The future for support staff
  • Jobs increasing (66% of library workers now)
  • Workload shift continues (more formerly MLS-only duties)
  • Entry requirements increasing (in places)
  • “Graying” & retention issues
  • Opportunities to seek MLS (if desired)
  • Pay may rise, but slowly
lessons learned
Lessons Learned
  • Not all technology works as expected
  • It’s hard to know what patrons will want or need
  • Libraries face many concerns and choices
  • Not every library needs the same technologies
  • All visions are imperfect, but we need them
  • Consider the essentials of our work as you innovate
five new laws of library science
Five New Laws of Library Science
  • Libraries serve humanity.
  • Respect all forms by which knowledge is communicated.
  • Use technology intelligently to enhance service.
  • Protect free access to knowledge.
  • Honor the past and create the future.
  • Revised: Walt Crawford and Michael Gorman
further reading
Further reading
  • Gorman, Michael. Our Enduring Values. Chicago: American Library Association, 2000.
  • Wisconsin Library Services. New Tech News. (
  • Burke, John. Neal-Schuman Library Technology Primer. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc., 2000.
questions or comments
Questions or Comments?

John J. Burke, MSLS

Assistant Library Director

Gardner-Harvey Library

Miami University Middletown

(513) 727-3293