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Health and Consumers Directorate-General (DG SANCO). Unit D1, Animal Health and Standing Committees HOWARD BATHO HEAD OF THE IMPORT AND OIE SECTOR . Imports of animals and animal products from third countries into the EU – VETERINARY SERVICES AND BIPS.

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health and consumers directorate general dg sanco

Health and Consumers Directorate-General(DG SANCO)

Unit D1, Animal Health and Standing Committees

HOWARD BATHO

HEAD OF THE IMPORT AND OIE SECTOR

slide2
Imports of animals and animal products from third countries into the EU – VETERINARY SERVICES AND BIPS
slide4

The European Union:

27 Member States

500 million consumers

institutional triangle decision makers

Institutional Triangle: Decision Makers

Council of the EU

European Parliament

Financial

control

Interpretation of law

European Court of Auditors

European Commission

European Court of Justice

Advisory Committees

Economic & Social Committee

Committee of the Regions

sanco structure

01/12/2007

Principal Adviser

Director General

Robert Madelin

01 Audit and evaluation

03 Science & Stakeholder

relations

SANCO structure

02 Strategy and analysis

Deputy Director General

with special responsibility for Directorates D, E, F and Scientific Matters

P. Testori Coggi

04 Veterinary control programmes

C

Public Health & Risk assessment

A

General Affairs

B

Consumer Affairs

Principal Adviser

D

Animal Health & Welfare

E

Safety of the Food Chain

F

Food & Veterinary Office

D1

E1

F1

Biotechnology

and Plant health

Country profiles,

coordination of follow-up

Co-ordination

& institutional relations

Policy analysis & development; relations with consumer organisations;

international relations

Programme management

Animal Health

and Standing Committees

Health Information

D2

E2

F2

Hygiene & Control

measures

Food of animal origin:

mammals

Legal affairs

Animal Welfare

and Feed

Unfair commercial practices & other consumer protection

legislation

Health threats

F3

Food of animal origin:

birds and fish

Financial resources

and controls

Product and service

safety

D3

E3

Chemicals, contaminants,

pesticides

International

questions

(multilateral)

Health determinants

F4

Food of plant origin

Information:

systems

and publications

Protection of legal,

economic and other consumer

interests

D4

E4

Food Law, nutrition

and labelling

International

questions

(bilateral)

Health strategy

F5

Animal nutrition

import controls,

residues

Human resources

Enforcement and

consumer redress

Health measures

F6

Quality, planning

and development

Administrative

Affairs

Grange

Risk assessment

objective of eu health legislation
Objective of EU health legislation
  • To ensure a high level of safety in relation to public, animal and plant health in the EU
  • To ensure that trade and imports in animals and their products can take place in safe conditions
slide8
Conditions relating to imports are equivalent to those for domestic producers
  • Food must conform to our standards, irrespective of its origins
the international context of eu legislation
The international context of EU legislation
  • It follows WTO rules and its SPS (Sanitary and Phytosanitary) Agreement which follows OIE & CODEX standards
  • It is scientifically based: the European Food Safety Authority (in Parma, Italy) gives scientific advice to the Commission and to Member States
yes we do have high food safety standards
Yes, we do have high food safety standards
  • Need them to prevent introduction of animal and plant diseases
  • Serious consumer concern about food safety issues
  • Enable trade within the EU and with Third Countries
  • Result – high standards but equivalent for internal trade and imports
general principle
General principle

Animal products or live animals should only be authorised for entry into the Community if there is

no potential risk to animal or public health relating to:

origin

  • product

animal

risk assessment
Risk assessment
  • Origin
  • Country
  • Establishment
  • Product
  • Type: beef offal, sheep meat…
  • Treatment: temperature, pH, deboned…
  • Purpose: human consumption, feed…
  • Animal
  • Species
  • Disease
implementing legislation import requirements
Implementing legislation - Import requirements
  • Origin
  • Animal health status
  • Animal health legislation
  • Structure and powers of veterinary services
    • Product
  • Certificate
  • Animal (transport, clinical exam, slaughter…)
  • Treatment (temperature, deboned…)
  • Animal
  • Certificate
  • Quarantine
  • Testing
controls at eu border
Controls at EU border

In order to enter the EU, live animals and products of animal origin must be subjected on arrival to veterinary checks at the external frontiers of the Community at border inspection posts (BIPs)

  • BIPs must be approved and listed by Commission services for different commodities, including animals
  • Advance warning of the import must be given to the authorities responsible for the BIP
  • Dedicated line for animals
  • Documentary, identity, physical check are carried out in the BIP (Commission Decision 94/360/EC)
  • TRACES
the control chain
The control chain
  • Import legislation:
  • Origin
  • Product

Enforcement

Third country

BIP

European Community

  • Controls on intracommunity trade
  • animal identification
  • animal by-products and waste

Community-wide measures and controls

  • disease prevention
  • bio-security

On-farm measures and controls

the legislative framework
The legislative framework

Animal Health

Directive 2002/99/EC

Public health

Regulations (EC) No 852/2004, 853/2004 and

854/2004

(Hygiene package)

Legal basis

Implementing

Legislation

Import requirements

(list of third countries/certificates/etc)

Veterinary checks: Directives 97/78/EC and 91/496/EEC and official controls: Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 (Feed and Food)

Enforcement

legislation

council directive 2002 99 ec
COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 2002/99/EC

laying down the animal health rules governing the production, processing, distribution and introduction of products

of animal origin for human consumption

(OJ No. L 18, 23.1.2003, p. 11)

commission decision 2005 93 ec
COMMISSION DECISION (2005/93/EC)

as regards transitional provisions concerning the introduction and the storage period for consignments of certain products of animal origin in customs warehouses in the Community

commission decision 2005 92 ec
COMMISSION DECISION 2005/92/EC

as regards animal health conditions, certification and transitional provisions concerning the

introduction and storage period for consignments of certain products of animal origin in free

zones, free warehouses and premises of operators supplying cross border means of sea transport

in the Community

personal and illegal imports
Personal and illegal imports
  • Council Regulation (EC) No 745/2004
  • Lays down permanent rules preventing personal consignments of meat and milk from entering the EU
  • Awareness to Passengers
  • Enforcement
  • Information on the results of the enforcement of this regulation must be sent by MSs to the Commission every year (before 1 March).
international catering waste
INTERNATIONAL CATERING WASTE
  • What happens to it?
  • Incinerated or deep buried
  • Are you sure?
  • Check it!!

ONE OF THE KEY CRITICAL POINTS

conclusion
Conclusion
  • EU legislation is not an obstacle to trade, it is essential to trade
  • Follows WTO/SPS international guides
  • No point in having good conditions for imports if no veterinary control at BIP.
  • Not possible to have a zero risk!
  • Don’t forget catering waste NOT for pig feed.
slide24

Find out more

Visit our website

http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/index_en.htm

slide25

Health and Consumers

Europe working for healthier, safer,

more confident citizens

Public Health

Food safety

Consumer Affairs