Hazard Communication. HAZCOM Standard OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1200. Developed by T. Michael Self, CPEA (Health & Safety) Southeast District. Course Goal.
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OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1200
T. Michael Self, CPEA (Health & Safety)
The basic goal of a Hazard Communication Program is to be sure employers and employees know about work hazards and how to protect themselves; this should help to reduce the incidence of chemical source illness and injuries.
OSHA has estimated that more than 32 million workers are exposed to 650,000 hazardous chemical products in more than 3 million American workplaces.*
Does this pose a serious problem for exposed workers and their employers …
What do you think?
The HCS provides workers the right-to-know concerning the hazards and the identities of the chemicals they are, or may have the potential to be, exposed to in the workplace.*
Division 1.1 Explosives with a mass explosion hazard
Division 1.2 Explosives with a projection hazard
Division 1.3 Explosives with predominantly a fire hazard
Division 1.4 Explosives with no significant blast hazards
Division 1.5 Very insensitive explosives i.e. blasting agents
Division 1.6 Extremely insensitive detonating articles
Solvent Based Paints
Mastics & Adhesives
Pipe Joint Compounds
Substances Liable to Spontaneous Combustion; Substanceswhich, in Contact with Water, Emit Flammable Gases
IV. MATERIALS, INVENTORY, AUDITS
V. MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS (MSDS)
VI. LABELS AND LABELING
VII. INFORMATION AND TRAINING
VIII NON-ROUTINE WORK OR TASKS
IX. INFORMING CONTRACTORS
X. PROGRAM MAINTENANCE - OTHER FUNCTIONS
In-plant containers of hazardous chemicals must be labeled, tagged, or marked with the identity of the material and appropriate hazard warnings.
Each employee who may be "exposed" to hazardous chemicals when working must be provided information and trained prior to initial assignment to work with a hazardous chemical, and whenever the hazard changes.
Supervisors should ensure that employees are informed of potential chemical, biological, and physical hazards associated with the performance of any non-routine tasks along with appropriate personal protective measures.
Job Hazard Analysis
Activity Hazard Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Look at the BIG picture!
USE COMMON SENSEHAZARD RECOGNITION MEANS:
New York City Sanitation, November 1996
Michael Hanly, trash collector,
killed while standing behind his truck
as 70% hydrofluoric acid gas escaped
from containers under compaction
City workers in another location find
six plastic jugs of hydrofluoric acid
placed curbside with recyclables
headworks; 3 different WWTPs in 2 cities in
Missouri, 1 sampled in spring, 2 in fall
hydrogen sulfide: BDL up to 95 ppm
(NIOSH limit 10 ppm, OSHA limit 20 ppm)
> 45 other VOCs, mostly below NIOSH/OSHA limits:
toluene methyl ethyl ketone
dimethyl sulfide trichloroethanes
dimethyl sulfoxide 2-butanol
dimethyl trisulfide 3-methyl 2-butanolNIOSH Health Hazard Evaluations 1994
FDEP Staff sample site contaminated with
Benlate fungicide and its breakdown product,
butyl isocyanate gas.
No information about possible hazardous
exposures provided to staff; no PPE used.
Employees suffered nosebleeds
and skin irritation onsite,
but did not leave.
An employee experiences heat stress while investigating the derailment of a CSX freight train. The employee had to dress out in Level C (saranex suit) because the derailment released 40,000 gallons of sodium hydroxide. The derailment was located in a boggy area which necessitated him to trudge through thick mud and undergrowth; the weather was hot and humid. After about 30 minutes, the employee experienced weakness and lightheadedness. He was treated by EMS at the scene for electrolyte depletion and returned to duty that day.
Protection under OSHA's HAZCOM Standard (HCS) includes all workers exposed to hazardous chemicals in all industrial sectors. This standard is based on a simple concept - that employees have both a need and a right to know the hazards and the identities of the chemicals they are exposed to when working. They also need to know what protective measures are available to prevent adverse effects from occurring.
T. Michael Self, CPEA (Health & Safety)