www.BehaviorAdvisor.com . This slide show is part of a workshop given by Tom McIntyre (Dr. Mac). Your “Do Now” Assignment.
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This slide show is part of a workshop given by Tom McIntyre (Dr. Mac)
Visualize a behavior that is you would like to see change for the better. What exactly do you wish to see change? How would the behavior “morph”? What aspect or characteristic of the action should change?
Tom McIntyre, Ph.D.
The “traffic light” in the cafeteria changes color as the noise level in the cafeteria rises & falls.
Reducing the average number of misspellings (or increasing accurate spellings) on the weekly spelling test.
Multiple dimensions (but which ones?)
The track team’s sprinters are trying to reduce the time between the starting tone and exit from the starting blocks.
For your fieldwork paper, you must record the style of praise used by your supervising teacher and how often each type is used.
Frequency & Locus
Frequency & Magnitude
Frequency & Topography
Locus & Magnitude
Locus & Duration
Frequency(short-lived behaviors):Tally marks made when
- action is witnessed OR
- “permanent product” is produced.
Duration(long-lived or variable-length behaviors):
Use stop watch to help determine
-average length of display of behavior OR
-% of time consumed by the behavior.
Interval:“Yes” or “No” mark depending on whether action:
– Occurred during any part of the observation period (Partial)
– Exhibited for the entire observation period (Whole)
– Happened at the exact instant that you glanced over to look for it
(Momentary Time Sampling –MTS,
a short cut procedure for duration recording…later).
Times witnessed =
# of time periods.
1. Once every five minutes
2. Once every five periods
3. Once per day
4. Like it says; 5 times per week.
“Uh” or “Um”.
(Can’t use clip in Canada…)
F. 11 or more
Total time witnessed
Total time of observation =%.
During a 20 minute session, you observed the behavior emerge 5 times for a total of 15 minutes. Calculate the:
1. ¾ (75% of the time)
2.1/3 (33% of the time)
3. 1¼ (125% of the time)
4. ¼ (25% of the time).
Fact: 5 out of 4 people have problems with fractions
1. 5 minutes
2. 3 minutes
3. 3/5ths of a minute
4. I’ve run out of fingers & toes while counting.
# of times behavior was witnessed =
# of times you watched for it.
3rd 7th 8th 14th 24th 28th
During what percent of the intervals was the behavior displayed?
Make yes & no columns in which to place tally marks.
Clickers:What percentage of “moments” (in time) was Josh “Palming”?
3. Momentary Time Sampling
4. Whole interval
5. Partial interval
6. More than one of the above (but which ones?)
7. I refuse to answer. Dr. Mac can figure out what to do with my non-compliance.