1962 First close-up view of Venus via Mariner 2. 1965 First close-up view of Mars thanks to Mariner 4. It orbited Mars for three years following the encounter. 1973 Pioneer 10 is first to visit Jupiter. It is currently 8 billion miles from the Earth. Mariner 10 is first to visit Mercury.
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First close-up view of Venus via Mariner 2.
First close-up view of Mars thanks to Mariner 4.
It orbited Mars for three years following the
Pioneer 10 is first to visit Jupiter. It is
currently 8 billion miles from the Earth.
Mariner 10 is first to visit Mercury.
Pioneer 11 gets first close-up look at Saturn.
Its last signal was received in 1995.
Uranus' first close-up by Voyager 2.
Voyager 2 takes first close-up of Neptune.
It is almost 90 Aeronautical Units
from Earth and still sends back
New Horizons was proposed to AO-OSS-01,
NASA's Jan. 20, 2001, request for flyby mission
proposals to Pluto-Charon and the Kuiper Belt.
New Horizons was one of two proposals chosen
for further concept study in June 2001, and NASA
selected New Horizons as its Pluto mission on
Nov. 29, 2001. Led by Principal Investigator (PI) Alan
Stern of the Southwest Research Institute's Space
Studies department, the mission team included
major partners at the Johns Hopkins University
Applied Physics Laboratory, Stanford University,
Ball Aerospace Corp., NASA Goddard Space Flight
Center and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
National Research Council's Decadal Survey for Planetary
Science ranked the reconnaissance of Pluto-Charon and
the Kuiper Belt as its highest priority for a new planetary
mission this decade.
INL builds its Space and Security
Power Systems Facility.
New Horizons teams from across
the country gather at Cape Canaveral
to watch Deep Impact launch and
undergo first pre-launch run-through.
PI Alan Stern and Project Scientist
Hal Weaver lead team to discovering
two more of Pluto's moons. They are
43,450 kilometers (27,000 miles)
away from Pluto.
New Horizons’ RTG is built in just
nine months at INL. It is taken to
Kennedy Space Center in Florida
for pre-launch testing.
INL’s RTG is delivered to NASA and
installed in New Horizons just days
before the launch.
New Horizons mission
successfully launches from
Kennedy Space Center at
14:00:00 PM. It was the fastest
launch ever at 22,000 miles per
New Horizons will reach Jupiter.
The craft will take close-up photos
and will be the closest flyby of the
gaseous giant. New Horizons will fly
through Jupiter's vicinity and gain
momentum like a slingshot through
its gravitational pull. Speeds will
increase to roughly 36,000 miles
First close-up photos of Pluto will
travel back to Earth in 4 1/2 hours.
Closest encounter with the
ninth planet. The closest
photographs will be 1,000
times the resolution of the
best pictures from the Hubble
New Horizons exploration
of Kuiper Belt Objects.