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CAS LX 522 Syntax I. Week 3b. Just a little bit more phology. The morphology of be. I was sleepy. You are sleepy. We are sleepy. What features does the auxiliary be have (among [±1, ±2, ±Pl, ±Past])? If be has [-1, -2, -Pl, -Past], how is it pronounced? And [-1, -2, +Pl, +Past]?.

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cas lx 522 syntax i

CAS LX 522Syntax I

Week 3b. Just a littlebit more phology.

the morphology of be
The morphology of be
    • I was sleepy.
    • You are sleepy.
    • We are sleepy.
  • What features does the auxiliary be have (among [±1, ±2, ±Pl, ±Past])?
  • If be has [-1, -2, -Pl, -Past], how is it pronounced? And [-1, -2, +Pl, +Past]?
the morphology of be1
The morphology of be
  • Consider the whole set. There are only five different pronunciations: am, are, is, was, were. How can we write a set of feature-based pronunciation rules to describe this?
the morphology of be2
The morphology of be
  • Try it in words first. When is the [-Past] pronounced Is? Am? Are?
the morphology of be3
The morphology of be
  • [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is.
  • [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am.
  • [-Past] = are.
the morphology of be4
The morphology of be

Morphology often has thischaracter, where the pronunciationrules have a “specific case” and a“general case” if the specific casedoes not apply.

  • [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is.
  • [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am.
  • [-Past] = are.
the morphology of be5
The morphology of be
  • [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is.
  • [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am.
  • [-Past] = are.

Ok, your turn.What’s the rest?

the morphology of be6
The morphology of be
  • [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is. [+Past] = were
  • [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am. [ ] = are
  • [+Past, -2, -Pl] = was.
the morphology of be7
The morphology of be
  • Ok, let’s test it out.
  • [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is. [+Past] = were
  • [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am. [ ] = are
  • [+Past, -2, -Pl] = was.
  • I [+1, -2, -Pl, -Past, -N, +V, +F] ecstatic.
  • They [-1, -2, +Pl, +Past, -N, +V, +F] leaving.
  • Y’all [-1, +2, +Pl, -Past, -N, +V, +F] late.
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the morphology of be8
The morphology of be
  • Ok, let’s test it out.
  • I [+1, -2, -Pl, -Past, -N, +V, +F] ecstatic.
  • They [-1, -2, +Pl, +Past, -N, +V, +F] leaving.
  • Y’all [-1, +2, +Pl, -Past, -N, +V, +F] late.
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