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26th January 1938 Day of Mourninghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uCZneDswWS0Handout 1-Lyric sheets
Aboriginal Day of Mourning • To each individual Australian, the date 26 January has a different meaning. For some it is a celebration of the landing of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove (1788). To others it is marked by the civic celebrations of the Order of Australia and Australian of the Year. To many it is simply the day off work to go to the Big Day Out music festival in Sydney, or to just sit at home with mates and watch the one day cricket match. However this date is not marked by celebratory festivities for all Australians. For many Aboriginal Australians, 26 January is referred to as 'Survival Day,' 'Invasion Day,' or 'Day of Mourning,' as it marks the date that white settlers landed on Australian shores and devastated the lives all of the Indigenous inhabitants already there.
Different Perspectives White Australians Indigenous Australians To the Indigenous Australians, the anniversary of the landing of the First Fleet was referred to as a 'Day of Mourning.' To them, the date marked 150 years of degradation and mistreatment by the white settlers. It symbolised the beginning of the decimation of their people and the loss of their land, their culture and their basic human rights. Aboriginal people also saw the day as an opportunity to draw the attention of white-Australia, not only to make them see how it had violated the Indigenous population in the past, but also to see what they could do to secure the future of Aboriginal people as equal citizens. • 26 January 1938 marked the 150th anniversary, or the sesquicentenary, of the First Fleet in Port Jackson. To many white-Australians, this date represented how far Australia had progressed in 150 years. It was an opportunity for them to be proud of how Australia had flourished since the early days of settlement, to reach its present state as a democratic nation which had officially reached Federation.
Aboriginal Activist, William Cooper William Cooper contributed to a many strategies which challenged the colonial view of the settlement of Australia. These included collecting signatures to be sent to the King and as the 1938, celebrations were planned to mark the sesqui-centenary of the arrival of the British. William Cooper planned a 'Day of Mourning' so that Aboriginal people could draw attention to the destructive effects of the invasion
‘Lousy Little Sixpence’Handout number 2 • The clip begins with historical footage of King Burraga who speaks about equal rights and justice for Aboriginal people. William Cooper, an Aboriginal elder, begins the fight for rights by having a petition signed, with the intention of delivering it to the King. • http://videomedia.aso.gov.au/titles/lousylit/lousylit3_du.mp4 • Both these links should take you to the same place, one is just a back-up • http://aso.gov.au/titles/documentaries/lousy-little-sixpence/clip3/
Activity Handout 2 • From the handout provided answer the following” • Discuss Cooper’s move toward activism • Explain the decision to create a partition and the cultural understanding that this was based on. (this can be a short in-class written piece, a group project or decided by teacher)
Document Analysis • Your teacher will now, with your help, model document analysis using: • Content • Context • Technique • Function
Document AnalysisIn the back of booklet • In groups and using the documents in the back of your booklet (teacher decides which group analyses which document), work together to analysis what you are seeing. You will need one person to act as scribe and a different person to report back to the class, when directed.