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Honors English I Vocabulary. Lesson 1: Our changing vocabulary. Acronym. (Noun) A word formed from the initial letters of a name or by combining initial letters or parts of a series of words

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honors english i vocabulary

Honors English I Vocabulary

Lesson 1: Our changing vocabulary

acronym
Acronym
  • (Noun) A word formed from the initial letters of a name or by combining initial letters or parts of a series of words
  • Example: Acronyms are frequently used in official and political circles to shorten long titles of organizations or systems.
affix
Affix
  • (noun)
    • A word element, such as a prefix or suffix, that is attached to a base, stem, or root.
    • Something that is attached, joined or added
  • (verb)

a. to secure (an object) to another; attach

b. to place at the end

  • Example: The word reappearance has two affixes: re- and -ance
coinage
Coinage
  • (noun)
    • The invention of new words
    • An invented word or phrase
    • The process of making coins
  • Example: The word hobbit was a coinage of J. R. R. Tolkien
colloquial
Colloquial
  • (adjective)
    • Used in or suitable to spoken language or to writing that imitates speech; conversational
    • Informal in style of expression
  • Example: Connie suggested to Joe that he substitute “narrow escape” for his colloquial expression “a close call.”
malapropism
Malapropism
  • (noun) The use of a word sounding somewhat like the one intended but humorously wrong in the context.
  • Example: In Sheridan’s eighteenth-century play, The Rivals, Mrs. Malaprop makes such malapropisms as “the very pineapple of politeness” for “the very pinnacle of politeness.”
onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia
  • (noun) The formation or use of a word that imitates or resembles what it stands for.
  • Example: Buzz and hiss are examples of onomatopoeia that the poet used to make the meadow come alive.
palindrome
Palindrome
  • (noun) A word, phrase, or sentence that reads the same backward or forward.
  • Example: “A man, a plan, a canal, Panama” was the only palindrome that Richard could remember.
portmanteau word
Portmanteau word
  • ( compound noun) A word formed by merging the sounds and meanings of two different words; blend.
  • Example: Arlin didn’t realize that the word slithy in Lewis Carroll’s poem “Jabberwocky” is a portmanteau word formed from slimy and lithe.
simile
Simile
  • (noun) A figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared, often in a phrase introduced by like or as.
  • Example: Some similes, such as “hungry as a bear” and “sly like a fox,” are considered to be overused.
spoonerism
Spoonerism
  • (noun) An accidental but humorous distortion of words in a phrase formed by interchanging the initial sounds: the tons of soil rather than the sons of toil.
  • Example: The word spoonerism comes from the name of William A. Spooner, an English clergyman who was noted for such verbal slips.