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Ontario Soccer Association Welcome! New Futsal Referee Clinic Instructor : Bob Tibbo Referee Development Program FAIR PLAY please! Clinic Outline Introductions Law 5 – The Referee and Second Referee Law 6 – Time Keeper & 3 rd Referee Law 1 – The Pitch Law 2 – The Ball

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Ontario Soccer Association

Welcome!

New Futsal Referee Clinic

Instructor : Bob Tibbo



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FAIR PLAY

please!


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Clinic Outline

  • Introductions

  • Law 5 – The Referee and Second Referee

  • Law 6 – Time Keeper & 3rd Referee

  • Law 1 – The Pitch

  • Law 2 – The Ball

  • Law 3 – Number of Players

  • Law 4 – Players’ Equipment

  • Law 7 – Duration of the Match

  • Law 9 – Ball in and Out of Play

  • Law 10 – The Method of Scoring


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Clinic Outline

  • Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play

  • Law 15 – The Kick-In

  • Law 16 – The Goal Clearance

  • Law 17 – The Corner Kick

  • Law 12 – Free Kicks

  • Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct

  • Law 14 – The Penalty Kick

  • Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls

  • Referee Signals and Positioning

  • Referee Game Management


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Law 5 – The Referee and Second Referee


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Law 5 – The Referee and Second Referee

Being a top-quality Referee is not easy:

  • Fairness, honesty, motivation, courage, confidence, strength, stamina, perseverance

    Refereeing is a difficult job :

  • Physical strength / stamina

  • Solid focus on the game and the players

  • Ability to react and make decisions quickly

  • Strong desire for fair play / justice

  • Strength to withstand criticism

  • Courage to stand by your decisions, convictions


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Law 5 – The Referee and Second Referee

Referee’s Responsibility:

  • SAFETY of participants

  • ENJOYMENT of participants

  • EQUALITY of opportunity


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Law 5 – Referee Equipment

Watches (2)

Whistles (2) differentMinimum +

Pencil/Pen (2)

Game Book

Cards


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Law 5 – Referee Equipment

  • On the Pitch

    - two reliable timing devices

    - two whistles of different tones

    - two pencils/pens

    - notepad

    - discipline cards


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Law 5 – The Referee and Second Referee

The Referee must be able to recognize :

  • Violations of both the Letter and the Spirit of the Laws.

    The Referee must apply :

  • The correct punishment for each violation.


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Powers :

Penalize infractions of the Laws

Decide not to penalize a player when by doing so it would give an advantage to the offending team

Caution or dismiss players or substitutes

Temporarily suspend play or terminate the game

Decide how much time to add at the end of a half of play.

Law 5 – The Referee and Second Referee


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Duties :

Enforce the Laws

Act as Timekeeper

Control the match in co-operation with other match officials

Keep a record of the match

Signal the start and any restarts

Keep a high level of fitness

Ensure the ball complies

Ensure players’ equipment complies

Ensure seriously injured player (e.g. bleeding) receives attention

Punish more serious of simultaneous offences

Ensure no unauthorized person enters the pitch

Report in writing

Keep abreast of any Law changes or directives

Comply with the Code of Ethics for Game Officials

Law 5 – The Referee and Second Referee


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Code of Ethics

The Canadian Soccer Association is aware of its responsibilities toward its referees and, having granted certain privileges to referees, it is obliged to ensure such individuals realize and respect their responsibilities and duties.

  • Specifically, a Canadian referee shall:

  • Conduct himself/herself with dignity on and off the field of play at all times and shall, by personal example, endeavour to inspire the true principles of fair play and to earn the respect of those whom he/she serves.

  • Not cause The Canadian Soccer Association to become involved in any controversial matters and shall abide by the rules and regulations of the jurisdiction in which he/she officiates.

  • Adhere to all national standards and directives.

  • Always be neat in appearance and maintain a high level of physical and mental fitness.

  • Study the Laws of the Game and be aware of all changes, and shall enforce all said laws and changes.

  • Perform his/her designated responsibilities, including attending organized clinics and lectures, etc., and shall assist his/her fellow referees to upgrade and raise their standard of officiating.

  • Honour any appointments made for and accepted by him/her unless unable to do so by virtue of illness or personal emergency.

  • Not publicly criticize other referees or any soccer association.

  • Not make any public statement to the media (newspaper, TV, radio, etc.,) relating to any game officiated by him/her or regarding the quality of the match or the performance of the teams and their players.

  • Follow the correct lines of communication to the CSA Referee Committee which shall be through the Provincial/Territorial Soccer Association where he/she is registered. A Canadian referee shall be subject to disciplinary action should he/she not comply with this Code of Ethics.


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Law 5 – The Referee

Duties

  • Instruct the 2nd Referee

  • Accept responsibility for all decisions

  • In any case of a disagreement between the two referees, the referee’s decision prevails.

  • If necessary, dispense with the services of the 2nd referee and report the facts in the game report.



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Law 6 – The Timekeeper and the Third Referee

Duties :

  • A timekeeper and a third Referee are appointed.

  • They are seated outside the pitch at the halfway line on the same side as the substitution zone.

  • The timekeeper and the third Referee are equipped with a suitable clock (chronometer) and necessary equipment to indicate accumulated fouls, to be supplied by the association or club on whose pitch the match is being played.


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Law 6 – The Third Referee

Duties of the Third Referee :

  • monitor the replacement of balls at the request of the referees

  • if necessary, check the substitutes’ equipment before they enter the pitch

  • signal to the referees when an obvious error has been made in cautioning or sending off a player or if an act of violence has been committed out of their range of vision. In any case, the referee shall decide on any facts connected with play

  • monitor the conduct of those persons seated on the team benches and inform the referees of any inappropriate behavior

  • provide any other information relevant to the game

    In case of injury, the Third Referee may replace either the

    Referee or the Second Referee


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Law 1 – The Pitch


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Law 1 – The Pitch

  • Length

    • Minimum 25 m

    • Maximum 42 m

  • Width

    • Minimum 15 m

    • Maximum 25 m

  • The lines belong to the areas of which they are boundaries

  • Penalty Area, Penalty Mark – 6m

  • Second Penalty Mark – 10m

  • Substitution Zone – at teams’ benches

    Note: Confusion? Confirm lines to be used with the Players!






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Law 2 – The Ball


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Law 2 – The Ball

  • Spherical

  • Leather or other suitable material

  • Circumference = 62 – 64 cm

  • Mass = 400 – 440 grams

  • Pressure = 0.4 – 0.6 atm 6 – 9 lbs

    Note: Does not bounce well!

    Bounce = 50 – 65 cm, dropped 2m


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Law 2 – The Ball

PRESSURE

Not more than 0.6 atm

Not less than 0.4 atm

(~6 – 9 lbs.)

Test :

Drop from ~ 2 metres (6.5 ft.)

First bounce ~ 50 – 65 cm(~ to your knee)

No third bounce!


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Law 3 – Number Of Players


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A match is played by two teams, each consisting of no more than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Law 3 – The Number of Players

  • Teams may have up to 7 substitutes.


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Law 3 – The Number of Players than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

  • Minimum 3, maximum 5 players, including the keeper (minimum 5 to start)

  • Maximum 7 substitutes

  • Unlimited substitutions

  • Substitutions when ball is in or out of play!

  • Sub only in your own substitution zone

    • In front of your team’s bench!

  • Player out before sub comes in


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Law 4 – than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.The Players’ Equipment


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Law 4 – The Players’ Equipment than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

  • Basic compulsory equipment consists of :

  • a jersey or shirt

  • Shorts (keeper maywear long pants)

  • socks

  • shin guards (coveredentirely by the socks)

  • footwear – “training orgymnastic shoes withsoles of rubber or similarmaterial…”


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. than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Law 4 – The Players’ Equipment

A player must not wear or use anything which is dangerous to himself or another player.

NO JEWELRY IS ALLOWED !!!

Earrings & Noserings

Chain & Pendant

Wrist watch

Ring

Boots with spikes


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Law 4 – The Players’ Equipment than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

The word “dangerous” can at times be ambiguous and controversial, but in the interest of uniformity and consistency, players, substitutes and match officials may not wear any type of jewellery or adornment.

  • NO JEWELRY !!!

  • Includes

    REFEREES


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Law 7 – Duration of the Match than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Law 7 – Duration of the Match than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

2 equal halves/modification

Half-time interval

Allowance for time lost

Extended time

Extra time

Abandoned match


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Law 7 – Duration of the Match than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

  • Two periods of 20 minutes each – “stop time”

    • Check local league – period durations, “stop” vs. “running” time

  • Duration must be prolonged for a penalty kick or direct free kick resulting in 6+ accumulated fouls

  • “Time-Outs”

    • One per team per half – no carry-over

    • One minute duration

    • Team must possess the ball

    • Ball out of play

    • Team Official may request

    • No additional Time-Out in extra periods(cannot use second-half time out if not used previously)


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Law 9 – The Ball in and out of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Law 9 – The Ball in and out of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

The Ball is in play, except :

  • When the WHOLE of the BALL has passed over the goal-line or the touch-line, in the air or on the ground

    Or

  • When the Referee stops play

    • The reason for the stoppage in play ALWAYS determines the method of how the game will be restarted.

  • The Ball is in play at all other times, including when :

    • The Ball rebounds from a goal post or the crossbar into the pitch

    • The Ball rebounds from either of the referees when they are on the pitch


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Law 9 – The Ball in and out of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Law 9 – The Ball in and out of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

?

A Ball above the line is still “touching” the outside plane of the line


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Law 9 – The Ball in and out of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

When a match is played on an indoor pitch and the ball hits the ceiling, play shall be restarted with a kick-in to the opponents of the team that last touched the ball. The kick-in shall be taken from the point on the touch line nearest to the place on the ground above which the ball hit the ceiling.


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Law 10 – The Method of Scoring than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Law 10 – The Method of Scoring than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Unless otherwise provided for by these Laws,

A goal is scored when the whole of the ball :

  • passes over the goal line

  • between the goal posts

  • under the crossbar

  • unless it has been thrown, carried or intentionally propelled by the hand or arm by a player of the attacking team, the goalkeeper included.


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Law 10 – The Method of Scoring than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

When the WHOLE of the BALL has passed over the goal-line, between the goal-posts and under the cross bar.


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Law 10 – The Method of Scoring than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

If the competition regulations state that a match shall

end with a winning team or if a play-off match ends in

a draw, only the following procedures shall be taken

into account :

  • the number of goals scored away from home

  • extra time

  • kicks taken from the penalty mark

    Note : Check tournament rules for the procedures to be taken in case of a draw.


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Law 8 – The Start and Restart of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Referee Thought Process :

  • Why have you stopped the game?

  • What action will you take?

    • Verbal warning?

    • Caution?

    • Dismissal?

  • How will you restart the game?


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Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

What are the Starts and Restarts?

Kick-Off

Kick-In

Goal Clearance

Corner-Kick

Drop-Ball

Direct Free-Kick

Indirect Free-Kick

Penalty-Kick


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Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Start of a Half of play :

  • The Referee tosses a coin :

    • The team winning the coin toss chooses the goal they wish to attack in the first half

  • In the second half of the match the teams change ends and attack the opposite goals.

    • The team who was not awarded the kick-off at the start of the match will take the kick off at the start of the second half.


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Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Kick Off


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Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Kick Off

A kick-off is a way of starting and restarting play:

  • at the start of the match

  • after a goal has been scored

  • at the start of the second half of the match

  • at the start of each period of extra time, where applicable

    A goal may be scored directly from the kick-off.


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Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Kick Off - Procedure

  • all players on their own half of the pitch

  • the opponents of the team taking the kick-off are at least 3m from the ball until it is in play

    Note : 3m vs. 5m separation for all other restarts

  • ball is stationary on the centre mark

  • the referee gives a signal

  • ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward

  • the kicker may not touch the ball a second time until it has touched a second player

    After a team scores a goal, the kick-off is taken by the other team.


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Law 8 – Start and Restart of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Kick Off

  • Position of players?

  • When is ball in play?

  • No second play by kicker

  • Goal scored directly?


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Law 8 – Start and Restart of play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

– Dropped Ball


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Law 8 – The Start & Restart of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Dropped Ball

A dropped ball is a way of restarting the match after a temporary stoppage which becomes necessary while the ball is in play and provided that immediately preceding the stoppage it has not passed over the touch line or goal line, for any reason not mentioned in the Laws of the Game.


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Law 8 – The Start & Restart of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Dropped Ball - Procedure

The referee drops the ball at the place where it was located when play was stopped, except if it was in the penalty area, in which case he drops it on the penalty area line, at the place nearest to where the ball was located when the match was stopped.

Play restarts when the ball touches the ground.


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Law 8 – The Start & Restart of Play than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Dropped Ball

The ball is dropped again:

  • if it is touched by a player before it makes contact with the ground

  • if the ball leaves the pitch after it makes contact with the ground, without a player touching it


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Law 15 – The Kick-In than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Law 15 – The Kick-In than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

A kick-in is a method of restarting play

  • A goal cannot be scored directly from a kick-in.

  • The ball must be played (touched) after it is in play before entering the goal.

    A kick-in is awarded :

  • when the whole of the ball passes over a touch line, either on the ground or in the air, or hits the ceiling

  • from the place where it crossed the touch line

  • to the opponents of the player who last touched the ball


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Law 15 – The Kick-In than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Correct ball positioning

OK

OK

OK

NO

The ball must be stationary on the touch line

(The ball is already inside the pitch!)


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Law 15 – The Kick-In than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

The player taking the kick-in :

  • has part of each foot either on the touch line or on the ground outside the touch line at the moment of kicking the ball (No foot inside the field)

    The players of the defending team: 

  • are at least 5 m from the place where the kick-in is taken


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Law 15 – The Kick-In – Procedure than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

  • the player taking the kick-in must do so within 4 seconds of taking possession of the ball

  • the player taking the kick-in may not play the ball a second time until it has touched another player

  • the ball is in play immediately after it is kicked or touched


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Law 15 – The Kick-In than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Infringements / Sanctions

The kick-in is retaken by a player of the opposing team if :

  • the kick-in is taken incorrectly

  • the kick-in is taken from a position other than the place where the ball passed over the touch line

  • the kick-in is not carried out within 4 seconds of the player taking it being in possession of the ball

  • any other infringement of the Law occurs


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Law 16 – The Goal Clearance than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Law 16 – The Goal Clearance than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

  • must be taken within four (4) seconds of possession

  • the ball is thrown from any point within the penalty area by the goalkeeper of the defending team

  • opponents remain outside the penalty area until the ball is in play

  • the ball is in play when it is thrown directly beyond the penalty area

    • if not, then the goal clearance is retaken

  • the goalkeeper does not play the ball a second time until it has touched an opposing player or has crossed the center line

    • if not, then an IFK is awarded to the opposing team

  • a goal cannot be scored directly


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Law 17 – The Corner Kick than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Law 17 – The Corner Kick than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

  • the ball is placed precisely at the nearest corner on the lines

  • opponents remain at least 5 m from the ball until it is in play

  • the ball is kicked by a player of the attacking team

  • the ball is in play when it is kicked or touched

  • the kicker does not play the ball a second time until it has touched a another player

  • a goal may be scored directly from a corner kick, but only against the opposing team


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Law 12 – Free Kicks than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Law 12 – Free Kicks than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Free Kicks are either Direct or Indirect

  • For both Direct and Indirect Free Kicks, the ball must be stationary when the kick is taken, and the kicker may not touch the ball a second time until it has touched another player.

  • The kicker must wait for a signal from the referee or 2nd referee, after which they have four seconds to put the ball into play.


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Direct Free Kick than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

If a Direct Free Kick is kicked directly into the opponents’ goal, a goal is awarded.

Indirect Free Kick

A goal may be scored only if the ball touches another player before it enters the goal.

Law 12 – Free Kicks


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Law 11 – Fouls & Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Direct Free Kick

When should the Referee award a Direct Free Kick?

  • One of 11 penal offences is committed by a player;

  • against an opponent (except handball);

  • while the ball is in play;

  • on the field of play;

  • in a manner considered to be careless, reckless, or involving disproportionate force.


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. 11 Penal Offences(Direct Free Kick / Penalty Kick)

  • Kicks or attempts to

  • Trips or attempts to

  • Strikes or attempts to

  • Jumps at

  • Charges

  • Pushes

  • Tackles (contact before ball)

  • Holds

  • Slide tackles

  • Spits at

  • Handles the ball deliberately (except goalkeeper within his own penalty area)

O

p

p

o

n

e

n

t

Careless,

Reckless,

Excessive

Force


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Direct Free Kick

A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team of a player who commits any of the following seven (7) offences in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force:

  • kicking or attempting to kick an opponent

  • tripping or attempting to trip an opponent, either by sliding or by bending down in front of or behind him

  • jumping at/on an opponent

  • charging an opponent, (even with the shoulder)

  • striking or attempting to strike an opponent

  • tackling an opponent

  • pushing an opponent


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Direct Free Kick

Throwing a ball or other object is classed as striking.


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Direct Free Kick

  • A Direct Free Kick is also awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following four (4) infringements:

  • holding an opponent

  • spitting at an opponent

  • sliding in an attempt to play the ball while an opponent is playing or is about to play it (sliding tackle), except for the goalkeeper in his own penalty area and provided that he does not endanger the safety of an opponent

  • carrying, striking, or throwing the ball with one’s hands or arms, except for the goalkeeper within his own penalty area


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Direct Free Kick

Slide tackling an opponent. (Knees make contact with the floor) No play allowed when down on floor.

Only the goal keeper is allowed to slide tackle


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Direct Free Kick

A direct free kick is taken from the place where the infringement occurred.

The above-mentioned fouls (7 + 4 = 11) are Accumulated Fouls.


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Direct Free Kick

  • If the offence is committed by a defending player in his own penalty-area a penalty-kick shall be awarded to the opposing team.

  • Irrespective of the position of the ball, if the ball is in play, a penalty-kick can be awarded.


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Direct Free Kick

  • If a direct free kick is kicked directly into the opponent's goal, a goal is scored.

  • A free kick awarded to the defending team in its own penalty area may be taken from any point within the penalty area but is not in play until it leaves the penalty area.


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Indirect Free Kick than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct Indirect Free Kick


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. InDirect Free Kick

  • An Indirect Free Kick is awarded to the opposing team if a Goalkeeper commits one of the following offences :

  • after clearing the ball, he touches it again following a deliberate pass by a team-mate, before it has crossed the halfway line or been played or touched by an opponent.

  • he touches or controls the ball with his hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team-mate.

  • he touches or controls the ball with his hands after he has received it directly from a kick-in taken by a team-mate.

  • he touches or controls the ball with his hands or feet in his own half for more than four seconds


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Indirect Free Kick

  • An indirect free kick is also awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the place where the infringement occurred, if, in the opinion of the referee, A Player :

  • Plays in a dangerous manner

  • deliberately obstructs an opponent

  • prevents the goalkeeper from throwing the ball with his hands

  • commits any other infringement not previously mentioned in Law 11 for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Indirect Free Kick

The indirect free kick is taken from the place where the infringement occurred, unless this was in the penalty area.

Defending team – any point within the penalty area.

Attacking team - taken from the penalty area line at the place nearest to where the infringement occurred.

  • all opponents must be at least 5 m from the ball until it is in play

  • the ball is in play after it has been touched or played


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Infringements / Sanctions

If, when a free kick is taken, an opponent is closer to the ball than the required distance:

  • the kick is retaken

    If the team taking the free kick takes more than 4 seconds to put the ball in play :

  • an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team


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Law 14 – The Penalty Kick than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Law 14 – The Penalty Kick than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

A penalty kick is awarded against a team which commits any of the offences for which a direct free kick is awarded, inside its own penalty area and while the ball is in play.

A goal may be scored directly from a penalty kick.

Additional time is allowed for a penalty kick to be taken at the end of each half or at the end of each period of extra time.


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Law 14 – The Penalty Kick than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

The ball is placed on the Penalty mark

  • 6m from the goal line, centered

    The defending goalkeeper remains on the goal line, facing the kicker, between the goalposts, until the ball has been kicked

    The players, other than the kicker, are located :

  • inside the pitch

  • outside the penalty area

  • behind or to the side of the of the penalty mark

  • at least 5 m from the penalty mark


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Law 14 – The Penalty Kick than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Infringements / Sanctions


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Cautionable Offences


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Cautionable Offences

A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if he commits any of the following offences :

is guilty of unsporting behavior

shows dissent by word or action

persistently infringes the Laws of the Game

delays the restart of play

fails to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner kick, kick-in, free kick or goal clearance

enters or re-enters the pitch without the referee's permission or infringes the substitution procedure

deliberately leaves the pitch without the referee's permission


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Cautionable Offences

A substitute is cautioned and shown the yellow card if he commits any of the following offences :

is guilty of unsporting behavior

shows dissent by word or action

delays the restart of play


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Cautionable Offences

Showing Dissent

Different forms of dissent must be recognized and dealt with.

Types of Dissent:

  • Directly verbal

  • Indirect comments

  • Gestures

  • Ball antics

    Dealing with Dissent:

    Law 11 states that a player “shall be cautioned”


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Sending-Off Offences


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Sending-Off Offences

A player is sent off and shown the red card if he commits any of the following offences :

is guilty of serious foul play

is guilty of violent conduct

spits on an opponent or any other person

denies the opposing team a goal or an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball (this does no apply to a goalkeeper within his own penalty area)

denies an obvious goal-scoring opportunity to an opponent moving towards the player's goal by an offence punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick

uses offensive, insulting, or abusive language and/or gestures

receives a second caution in the same match.


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Sending-Off Offences

Foul Language/Gestures :

  • Causing Disgust

  • Foul Mouthed

  • Disgusting or Obscene


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Sending-Off Offences

Abusive Language :

  • To Attack Verbally

  • Criticizing Harshly

  • Insulting

  • Racial Slurs


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Sending-Off Offences

A player who has been sent off may not re-enter the game in course, nor may he sit on the substitutes' bench. A substitute player may enter the pitch two complete minutes after a team-mate has been sent off, unless a goal is scored before the two minutes have elapsed, and provided he has the authorization of the timekeeper. In this case the following applies:


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Law 11 – Fouls and Misconduct than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Sending-Off Offences

  • if there are 5 players against 4 and the team with the larger number scores a goal, the team with only 4 players may be completed by a fifth player

  • if both teams are playing with 4 players and a goal is scored, both teams remain with the same number of players

  • if there are 5 players playing against 3, or 4 against 3 and the team with the larger number scores a goal, the team with 3 players may be increased by one more player only

  • if both teams are playing with 3 players and a goal is scored, both teams remain with the same number of players

  • if the team scoring the goal is the one with fewer players, the game continues without changing the number of players


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Law 13 – than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.Accumulated Fouls


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Accumulated Fouls are those punishable by a Direct Free Kick or Penalty Kick

There are 11 Penal Offences

(7 + 4 = 11)


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

A player who commits any of the following seven (7) offences in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or involving disproportionate force :

  • kicking or attempting to kick an opponent

  • tripping or attempting to trip an opponent, either by sliding or by bending down in front of or behind him

  • jumping at/on an opponent

  • charging an opponent, (even with the shoulder)

  • striking or attempting to strike an opponent

  • tackling an opponent

  • pushing an opponent


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

A player who commits any of the following four (4) offences :

  • holding an opponent

  • spitting at an opponent

  • sliding in an attempt to play the ball while an opponent is playing or is about to play it (sliding tackle), except for the goalkeeper in his own penalty area and provided that he does not endanger the safety of an opponent

  • carrying, striking, or throwing the ball with one’s hands or arms, except for the goalkeeper within his own penalty area


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

For the first five accumulated fouls recorded for either team during each half:

  • the players of the opposing team may form a wall to defend the free kick

  • all opponents are at least 5 m from the ball until it is in play

  • a goal may be scored directly from this free kick


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

The Wall


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Beginning with the sixth (6th) accumulated foul recorded for either team in each half :

  • the players of the opposing team may not form a wall to defend a free kick

  • the player taking the kick has to be identified properly

  • the goalkeeper must remain in his penalty area and at least 5 m from the ball


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Beginning with the sixth (6th) accumulated foul recorded for either team in each half :

  • all other players on the pitch must remain behind an imaginary line that is level with the ball and parallel to the goal line, and outside the penalty area.

  • They must be 5 m from the ball and may not obstruct the player taking the free kick.

  • No player may cross this imaginary line until the ball has been touched or played


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

  • the player taking the free kick must kick the ball with the intention of scoring a goal and may not pass the ball to another player

  • once the free kick has been taken, no player may touch the ball until it has been touched by the goalkeeper, or has rebounded from the goalpost or crossbar, or has left the pitch


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

  • if a player commits the sixth foul of his team in the opposing team's half or in his own half in front of an imaginary line parallel to the halfway line and passing through he second penalty mark at 10 m from the goal line, the free kick is taken from this second penalty mark – 10m


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

  • if a player commits the sixth foul of his team in his own half of the pitch between the 10 m line and the goal line, the team awarded the free kick may choose whether to take it from the second penalty mark or from the place where the infringement occurred


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

  • if the game goes into extra time, all the fouls that have accrued from the second half of the game continue to accumulate into extra time


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Law 13 – Accumulated Fouls than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Summary

  • Penal offences (Direct free kick fouls) only

  • First five (5) by each team in each half are recorded – regular Direct Free Kick is taken

  • Beginning with the sixth (6th) foul :

    • No wall

    • Identify player to take kick

    • Keeper in penalty area and 5m from ball

    • Other players behind ball, 5m from ball

    • Must attempt to score

    • Must then touch keeper or goalpost/crossbar

    • No further away than 10m spot, no closer than 6m spot


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Referee Signals than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Start and Restart of than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

the Game (Kick-off)


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Direct Free Kick than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Indirect Free Kick than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Four Seconds than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Advantage than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Fifth Accumulated Foul than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Caution than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Sending Off than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Time Out than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Referee Positioning than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Referee Positioning than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Refereeing Requires:

  • Fitness

  • Alertness

  • Concentration

  • “Reading” the game

  • Constant communication


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Referee Positioning than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Effective positioning offers a chance of:

  • Seeing

  • Selling

  • Preventing


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Referee Positioning/Communication than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

General Principles:

  • Diagonal System – Ball always between the 2 Referees

    • Keep play between Referees

    • Referees – look at each other – Constant Communication!

    • Overlap (when possible) on FK, corners

  • Two signals for every “call” – Both Referees

    • “Mirror” the other Referee!

  • Count 4 seconds – your half, hand signal with/without voice

  • Both Referees – arm ALWAYS up for Indirect Free Kick

  • On goal / foul / caution / dismissal

    • Report to TimeKeeper, clear voice and hand signals


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Referee Positioning than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Kick-Off


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Referee Positioning than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Kick-In


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Referee Positioning than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Kick-In


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Referee Positioning than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Kick-In


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Referee Positioning than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Goal Clearance


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Referee Positioning than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Free Kick


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Referee Positioning than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Corner Kick


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Referee Positioning than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Corner Kick


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Referee Positioning than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Penalty Kick


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Referee Game Management than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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Referee Game Management than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

During the Game :

  • Use man-management skills to control game “temperature”

    • Use Yellow / Red cards when appropriate

  • Watch for “Off Ball” incidents

    • Deal with these swiftly and decisively – will impact game control

  • If a serious incident develops, do not interfere

    • Take notes, record player numbers

    • A calm and courteous attitude will help diffuse a “HOT” situation


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Referee Game Management than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

During the Game :

  • Never lose your temper! Always stay calm.

    • Your “temperature” will have an effect on players

  • Never get in arguments with players, team officials or spectators.

  • Never threaten anyone (with cards, suspensions or what might happen to them)

  • Never touch, bump or physically threaten anyone - especially players.

  • Use positive suggestions to control “hot” behavior

    • e.g. “You are a good player, #15, your team needs you on the pitch!”

  • Body language can offend!

    • Don’t let your actions or attitude inflame the situation


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Referee Game Management than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

During the Game :

  • Show respect to players, team officials, spectators

    • This is the best way to encourage them to show you respect

  • Be patient and even-tempered while making decisions

  • Do not try to “Ram” your authority into people’s faces

  • Be diplomatic – there is often a way to convince someone to comply with your decision while “saving face”

  • Be firm – do not allow anyone to talk you out of your decision


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Referee Game Management than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Youth Futsal

During Youth Futsal Games :

  • Your job is also to educate the young players

    • Often their parents and coaches too!

  • Explain your calls when it seems appropriate

  • Explain what behavior is allowed, and what is not allowed


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Referee Game Management than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

If a player is injured during the Game :

  • Stop play immediately, and stop time.

  • Decide if the injury is serious

  • Do not touch the injured player or allow anyone, other than the coach or trainer to touch him. There may be serious injury that could be made worse if he is moved, and if this happens, you could be held liable.

  • Signal for the coach or trainer to come aid the player

    • Use common sense – e.g. if a coach is already running onto the pitch, signal him in as if he were still on the sideline.

  • Remember that a player who is bleeding must leave the field of play and cannot return until you are satisfied that the bleeding has stopped and the wound has been covered.


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Referee Game Management than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

If a player is injured during the Game :

  • If it is necessary to call an ambulance, make sure that the injured player is kept warm and as comfortable as possible until professional help arrives.

  • Don’t worry about the game being delayed. The player’s safety is your first concern.

  • Restart the game time when you restart the game.


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Referee Game Management than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Problems that might arise during the Game :

  • Appeals against a referee’s decisions

  • Abuse directed towards a referee

  • Telling a referee such pearls of wisdom as :

    • “Open your eyes, Ref, you’re missing a great game!”

    • “There are two teams on the field, Ref!”


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Referee Game Management than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Problems that might arise during the Game :

  • Constant appeals for decisions by the referee in favour of his team

  • Yelling at Referees

  • Yelling abuse at opposing players

  • Constantly questioning a Referee’s decisions

  • Coach instructing his player to attack or injure opponents

    • Deal with this swiftly and decisively – eject the coach while clearly explaining that this is not acceptable!


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Referee Game Management than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Problems that might arise during the Game :

  • Coach moving up and down the touch line (outside the technical area) yelling instructions to his players.

  • Coach impeding a Referee by standing on the touch line and preventing him from seeing the play

  • Coach impeding a Referee by standing on the touch line and preventing him from moving along the touch line.


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Referee Game Management than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Problems that might arise during the Game :

  • Coach allowing a substitute onto the pitch before the player being replaced has left the pitch.

  • Coach allowing or encouraging other team officials and/or substitutes on the team bench to heckle or abuse the Referee

  • Coach loses his temper – demonstrates this by word or action that brings the game into disrepute.

  • When a coach or Assistant Coach is warned or asked to leave the game by the Referee, defies the authority and may cause the game to be abandoned.


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Referee Game Management than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.

Problems that might arise during the Game :

  • Coach allowing other people than those listed on the team sheet to sit on the bench or be in the bench area (technical area).

  • Coach fails to understand the International Board’s directive on coaches and those on team benches, i.e., “The coach and other occupants of the technical area must at all times, conduct themselves in a responsible manner.”


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Questions ? than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper.


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