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Using Sunshine Module D Chapter 3 Sections 3-1 & 3-2 Grade 5 Plants Water usually enters plants through the roots Water vapor & oxygen exit the leaf Photosynthesis Plants trap light energy and use it to make sugars This process is called photosynthesis

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using sunshine

Using Sunshine

Module D Chapter 3

Sections 3-1 & 3-2

Grade 5

plants
Plants
  • Water usually enters plants through the roots
  • Water vapor & oxygen exit the leaf
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
  • Plants trap light energy and use it to make sugars
  • This process is called photosynthesis
first stage of photosynthesis
First Stage ofPhotosynthesis
  • Chlorophyll absorbs sunlight
  • Light energy is changed to chemical energy
  • Water breaks down into hydrogen & oxygen

chlorophyll

second stage of photosynthesis
Second Stage of Photosynthesis
  • In sunlight, green leaves use carbon dioxide and water to make sugars, and oxygen is released
chlorophyll
Chlorophyll
  • The substance in green plants that gives it color and absorbs light is chlorophyll
chloroplasts
Chloroplasts
  • Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts
respiration
Respiration
  • Process in which sugar reacts with oxygen to make carbon dioxide & water in plants
  • Plants use oxygen to break down sugar molecules to release useful energy
producers
Producers
  • Organisms that make their own food
  • Examples: Algae & Plants
  • They give off oxygen
consumers
Consumers
  • Organisms
  • Get energy from stored chemical energy in food they eat
  • They give off carbon dioxide
herbivore
Herbivore
  • A consumer that eats only producers
  • Example: elk
  • consumer
  • producer
carnivore
Carnivore
  • Consumer that eats only other consumers

carnivore

omnivore
Omnivore
  • A consumer that eats both producers and consumers
decomposers
Decomposers
  • Bacteria & fungi that break down dead organisms are called decomposers
food web
Food Web
  • System of chains in an ecosystem
food chain
Food Chain
  • Simple feeding pattern
  • Shows transfer of energy from 1 organism to another
  • Energy is lost at each step

Grasshopper eats plant

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