Urban Development and Economic Growth in Bangladesh. Somik Lall The World Bank Workshop on Growth & Employment, December 12, 2005. Outline. Bangladesh is predominantly rural but rapidly urbanizing
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The World Bank
Workshop on Growth & Employment, December 12, 2005
Urban population (% of total)
Source: World Development Indicators 2001
And the Importance of agriculture diminishes as countries get richer
Source: World Bank Indicators (2000 data)
Source: United Nations World Urbanization Prospects
Cumulative rural population by
distance from different size towns
Source: GIS calculations using WARPO/CEGIS data; based on 1991 census figures.
Percentages are likely to be higher today as towns have increased in size and as
rural areas near larger towns have grown faster than more remote areas.
At the other end of the size distribution: 300 other urban areas
account for only 4 percent of the urban population
is also concentrated
Core-periphery pattern, with Dhaka as the primary center and the port cities (Khulna and Chittagong) as secondary centers
Dhaka was ranked as one of the most polluted cities in the World , but PM2.5 concentrations have declined by 41% because of Two Stroke Phaseout