unilateral action l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Unilateral Action PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Unilateral Action

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

Unilateral Action - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 201 Views
  • Uploaded on

Unilateral Action. Execution of the laws or legislation?. Types. Executive Orders Presidential Memoranda Presidential Proclamations National Security Directives Impoundment Signing statements. Executive Orders.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Unilateral Action' - jacob


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
unilateral action

Unilateral Action

Execution of the laws or legislation?

types
Types
  • Executive Orders
  • Presidential Memoranda
  • Presidential Proclamations
  • National Security Directives
  • Impoundment
  • Signing statements
executive orders
Executive Orders
  • A directive issued to officers of the executive branch, requiring them to take or stop taking an action, alter policy, change management practices, or accept a delegation of authority.
executive orders4
Executive Orders
  • Informal in history
  • Process today
  • Published in Federal Register, numbered
  • Legal Authority
presidential proclamations
Presidential Proclamations
  • States a condition, declares law and requires obedience, or recognizes an event. (Also pardons)
  • Binding on the public.
  • Published in the Federal Register
presidential memoranda
Presidential Memoranda
  • Pronouncement directed to executive branch officials
  • No publication in Federal Register
  • Below the radar of MCs and media
national security directives
National Security Directives
  • Formal declaration to an agency or department head of a presidential national security decision, requiring follow-up.
  • Designed at the National Security Council
  • Not published.
  • Mostly classified.
  • Problems with small group dynamics, Congress’ exclusion
impoundment
Impoundment
  • The president refuses to spend funds appropriated by Congress
  • Congress has restricted this practice (1974, 1987)
  • He can only defer spending if:
  • A “special contingency”
  • To achieve savings through more efficient operations
  • He can only propose to permanently rescind funds, but Congress must approve within 45 days
signing statements
Signing Statements
  • Traditionally innocuous
  • Since 1980s, provide the president’s interpretation of a law, announce Constitutional limits on implementation of it, or indicate directions about how to administer it.
  • Since 1986, part of official legislative history
  • Used as de facto line item veto since Reagan
why take unilateral action12
Why take unilateral action?
  • Quick in an emergency situation
  • Pay debts to important groups without committing many resources
  • Don’t attract much attention
  • Signing statements prevent vetoes of complex/end of session legislation
why not take unilateral action
Why not take unilateral action?
  • Contribute to accumulation of power in executive hands
  • Make it more difficult for successors to govern
  • Undermine existing administrative law procedures
federal administrative procedures act 1946
Federal Administrative Procedures Act (1946)
  • Applies to all regulatory agencies (FAA, FDA, EPA, etc.)
  • Rulemaking procedures are to be transparent
  • Public can participate in the rulemaking process
  • When agencies make rules binding on the public or quasi-judicial decisions resolving disputes about rules, they have to follow certain procedures
why not take unilateral action16
Why not take unilateral action?
  • Contribute to accumulation of power in executive hands
  • Make it more difficult for successors to govern
  • Undermine existing administrative law procedures
  • Easy for next administration to undo
  • Closed policymaking processbad policy?