Topic 2 World of Jesus and NT. A. Jewish history (late OT – NT period) Oppression, persecution, and rebellion Babylonian period (587-39 BC ) – Jerusalem fell; Temple destroyed; Exile – “Babylonian captivity” Persian period (539-333 BC ) – Restoration - Temple rebuilt
A. Jewish history (late OT – NT period)
Oppression, persecution, and rebellion
aCapital at Sepphoris (and Tiberias)
aBeheaded John the Baptist; suspicious of Jesus.
b) Philip (4 BC-34 AD) – NE districts
aRemoved in 6 AD; replaced by Roman procurator.
Herodian Palestine Pictures
c. The procurators (prefects) – 6 AD onward
d. Jewish War (66-70 AD)
e. Council (Academy) of Jamnia (90-100 AD)
f. Second Jewish Revolt (132-135 AD)
1. Diaspora - “scattering/dispersion” of Jews outside Palestine.
2. Diaspora Judaism - more open to Hellenistic influence.
a. Proselytes - Gentile converts to Judaism (see Acts 6:5):
1. Hellenistic culture
2. Religious ferment
3. Popular philosophies
4. Mystery religions