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Open Workshop Identifying policy and regulatory issues Next Generation Networks 22 June 2005 Centre Albert Borschette Brussels The NGN Global Regulatory Ecosystem Anthony M Rutkowski Vice President for Regulatory Affairs and Standards Dulles VA USA tel: +1 703.948.4305

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the ngn global regulatory ecosystem

Open WorkshopIdentifying policy and regulatory issuesNext Generation Networks22 June 2005Centre Albert BorschetteBrussels

The NGN Global Regulatory Ecosystem

Anthony M Rutkowski

Vice President for Regulatory Affairs and Standards

Dulles VA USA

tel: +1 703.948.4305

mailto:trutkowski@verisign.com

next generation networks
Next Generation Networks

Nationwide and

Worldwide

Open

IP-enabled

Public Network Infrastructure

for Communications,

Commerce and

Content

for Always-On, Nomadic

People and

Objects

Each attribute creates regulatory challenges

ngn long term network convergence perspective
NGN – Long-Term Network Convergence Perspective

1970

1980

1990

2000

Public Switched Telecommunication Network (PSTN)

Intelligent Network Internet (IN)

NGNs

Commercial Mobile Radio Systems

Open Systems Interconnection Internet (OSI)

private

quasi-public

IP Internet (IP)

Was never designed as public infrastructure

ngn near term network convergence perspective
NGN – Near-Term Network Convergence Perspective

Intelligent Infrastructure is the key enabler

ngn industry standards ecosystem
NGN Industry Standards Ecosystem*

Broadparticipation

GSC

ITU-T

GlobalNGNFramework

IETF

Routing

Applications

GSC9

WTSA

GSC10

General

Security

O&M

SG11

Internet

Transport

SG04

NGNMFG

ATIS

SG13

SG03

NGN* Focus Group

SG19

NGNFramework

CableLabs

SG02

NGN Focus Group

SG17

WAE FG

MWS FG

SG09

SG15

SG16

VoIP FG

W3C

OPTXS(T1X1)

WTSCT1P1

PTSC(T1S1)

TMOC(T1M1)

3GPP

DSL Forum

DMTF

OBF

NIIF

INC

ECMA

TeleManagementForum

PGC

SA5

SA1

JWG

SA4

SA2

SA3

ETSI

OMA

NGNOSS

IPDR

3GPP2

TIA

MESA

OSS/J

STF NGN

TSG-X

TSG-S

TISPAN

TR-8.8

CPWG

TR-41

OASIS

WG8

TSG-A

TSG-C

TR-45

3GPP2 OP

TR-45.6

WG7

TR-34.1.7

WG1

TR-45.2

WG6

Parlay

RosettaNet

WG2

PM

WG3

WG5

AT-D

PAM

WG4

LI

NGN@home

CCUI

CBC

EPCglobal

* Forums as of June 2005

broad global industry ngn participation and support why
Broad Global Industry NGN Participation and Support: why
  • Pragmatically meeting real needs today
    • IP-enabled public product standards
    • Global interoperability and markets
    • Secure, stable infrastructure
    • Compatibility with existing network infrastructures
    • Common regulatory requirements
  • Engaging all relevant standards bodies
    • Identifying existing useable standards
    • New standards and administrative practices adopted only as necessary
  • Focused on “open” unbundled service modules and capability sets
    • Staged in multiple “releases” over time
  • Standards participants primarily other industry players – worldwide, regionally, and nationally
ngn policy legal regulatory ecosystem
NGN Policy-Legal-Regulatory Ecosystem

CommonGlobalActivity

Germany

France

RegTP

BfV

ART

Justice

ITU ConventionInt’l Telecom Regs

Commission of the European Community

UK

Netherlands

Parliament

HomeOffice

EZ

Justice

OFCOM

CIOT

Infso

JHA

PP2006

[WCIT]

i2010

USA

Canada

CybercrimeConventionSignatories &Justice Ministers

APEC-TEL

NSTAC

FCC

IndustryCanada

PSECP

DHS

NGN reg

NGN WG

NANC

DOJ

DOC

DOS

eSecTG

Other multilateral and bilateral agreements

CITEL

Australia

Many Others

PCC.I

ACA

Parliament

WGSC

WGANTS

basic ngn regulatory considerations
Basic NGN regulatory considerations
  • Responsibility for national public infrastructure rests with designated governmental authorities and coordinated through intergovernmental treaties and mechanisms
  • National public infrastructures have special properties – the public and the nation depend on these infrastructures
  • All governments impose capability requirements on public infrastructures
  • Global service innovation and marketplace competition are necessary
  • Pervasive vulnerabilities are potentially emerging in the public communications network infrastructure and not well understood
  • Factors
    • Rapid introduction of new technologies, especially platforms not designed for public infrastructure use
    • Open public communication network infrastructure
    • Nomadic users and providers
    • Uncontrolled access devices and capabilities
    • Growing cybercrime and potential terrorism actions
ngn common regulatory requirements worldwide
NGN common regulatory requirements worldwide
  • National Security and Critical Infrastructure Protection
    • network attack mitigation
    • public safety emergency and law enforcement/national security assistance
    • priority access during or after disasters
    • priority service provisioning and restoration
    • analysis and reporting of network metrics and outages
  • Legal System Requirements
    • cybercrime mitigation
    • digital rights management
    • fraud detection and management
    • juridical evidentiary and forensics
  • Consumer Requirements
    • consumer emergency calls (E112/E911) including location of caller
    • consumer protection and privacy (Do Not Call; SPAM)
    • authenticated caller or sender identification
    • disability assistance
  • Operations Requirements
    • roaming and service provider coordination
    • default service and routing options
    • intercarrier compensation
    • transaction accounting
  • Competition Requirements
    • number portability
    • service interoperability
    • unbundling
    • directory access

Each of these capabilities is the subject of a requirements proceeding in multiple jurisdictions

applicable law and european ngn proceedings
Applicable Law and European NGN Proceedings
  • Global Instruments
    • International Telecommunication Regulations - originally crafted as core “protective” internet instrument for meeting infrastructure protection and other public requirements
    • Cybercrime Convention – crafted as a post hoc internet instrument for dealing with the resulting problems of inaction
  • CEC Instruments
    • Directives, legislation, action plans: Framework, eEurope, Internet, Network Security, Data Protection
    • Consultations and Reports: IP Voice and Associated Convergent Services, Convergence of Naming Numbering and Addressing,
  • State (UK – as an example of many)
    • UK OFCOM consultations: NGN, roaming, number portability, universal service
    • UK Home Office: access to communications data
ngn intelligent infrastructure regulatory models
NGN Intelligent Infrastructure Regulatory Models
  • “Architect” for openness and competition
  • A public NGN regulatory model
    • Public internet regulatory models began emerging in the mid-80s with the FCC Computer III framework for the Intelligent Networks in the USA and ITR’88 internationally
    • Applied to the first open industry internet infrastructure
    • Elements of the internet regulatory model
      • open interfaces
      • unbundled service elements
      • secure infrastructure
      • CPNI directory access
      • strictures against anticompetitive behavior
      • consumer protection
    • A highly successful model for nearly 20 years
    • NGN today is the equivalent of the Intelligent Network of 20 years ago
  • NGN will necessitate more (not less) regulatory activity
    • A characteristic of all open public infrastructures of nomadic users
    • Government sets the public infrastructure capability requirements that industry implements
    • Common carrier economic regulation generally not needed
    • Detail standards promulgation generally not needed
key steps
Key Steps
  • Promote an open NGN market
    • Regulate for an open, competitive, secure NGN Intelligent Infrastructure for Europe
  • Protect citizen needs, especially the infrastructure itself
    • Collaborate on NGN regulatory models and requirements – especially those which have transnational implications
    • Enhance international institutional arrangements for protecting public NGN infrastructure and other critical requirements
      • International Telecommunication Regulations
      • Convention on Cybercrime + expansion + secretariat
        • Ratify now
      • European Commission Network Security action plans
      • Industry can implement the requirements
  • Implement NGN core capabilities now
    • Trusted ability to identify, authenticate, and contact
      • NGN providers
      • NGN subscribers
    • Rapid, trusted resolution of geographically autonomous identifiers for communications, commerce, and content
  • Regional and global cooperation among regulatory authorities and industry
ngn technical product ecosystem itu t
Multi-media services

Basic services

Advanced services

Real-time Conversational Voice services

Instant messaging (IM)

Push to talk over NGN (PoN)

Point to Point interactive multimedia services

Collaborative interactive communication services

Group Messaging – Instant messaging, deferred messaging

Messaging services such as SMS, MMS, etc.

Content delivery services

Push-based services

Broadcast/Multicast Services

Hosted and transit services for enterprises (IP Centrex, etc.)

Information services

Presence and general notification services

3GPP Rel 6 and 3GPP2 Rel A OSA-based services

PSTN/ISDN Emulation services

General aspects for PSTN/ISDN Emulation

Terminals for PSTN/ISDN Emulation

Target services for PSTN/ISDN Emulation

PSTN/ISDN Simulation services

General aspects for PSTN/ISDN Simulation

Terminals for PSTN/ISDN Simulation

Target services for PSTN/ISDN Simulation

Internet access

NGN core

peer-to-peer applications

Other services

Data retrieval applications: such as tele-software.

Data communication services: such as data file transfer, electronic mailbox and web browsing

Online applications (online sales for consumers, e-commerce, online procurement for commercials)

Sensor Network services

Remote control/tele-action services, such as home applications control, telemetry, alarms etc.

Over-the-Network (OTN) Device Management

Public Services Aspects

Lawful Intercept

Malicious call trace

User identity presentation and privacy

Emergency Communications

Users with disabilities

Carrier selection

Number portability

Service delivery under specific country or local conditions

Customer Manageable IP Service

Service Stratum capabilities

Session handling

Open service environment

User Profile

Device Profile

Service enablers

PSTN/ISDN emulation support

Public service aspects

Accounting, Charging and Billing

Service Policy Management

Transport Stratum capabilities

Media resource management

Mobility management

Connectivity handling

Access Transport capabilities

Numbering, naming, and addressing incl. resolution and interworking

QoS-based Resource and Traffic Management

Basic OAM

Transport Policy management

Interoperability and Interworking

Identification, authentication and authorization

Identification

Authentication

Authorization

Security and Privacy

Management aspects

Service management aspects

Transport management aspects

NGN Technical Product Ecosystem (ITU-T)

Identified Services *

Release 1 Capability Set **

Primarily focus on Intelligent Infrastructure

Source: FGNGN-OD-00141.R1, amended by 00142, 29 Apr 2005

draft reference materials framework documents itu t
Draft Reference materials – framework documents (ITU-T)

ITU Documents (Geneva, April 2005)

Primarily focus on Intelligent Infrastructure

draft reference materials framework documents etsi tispan part 1
Draft Reference materials - framework documents (ETSI-TISPAN part 1)

Primarily focus on Intelligent Infrastructure