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American Popular Music Dr. Joseph Harchanko Week 2 - Monday Chapter 3 Elements of Music Modern Music Industry (1910) Pattern of fierce competition between companies (publishing) Mass promotion across media (newspaper, theaters, dep. stores, cat.) Highly asymmetrical ratio of hits and duds

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american popular music

American Popular Music

Dr. Joseph Harchanko

Week 2 - Monday

Chapter 3

elements of music modern music industry 1910
Elements of Music Modern Music Industry (1910)
  • Pattern of fierce competition between companies (publishing)
  • Mass promotion across media (newspaper, theaters, dep. stores, cat.)
  • Highly asymmetrical ratio of hits and duds
  • Dom. of limited forms and lyrics
change in 1920s and 1930s
Change in 1920s and 1930s
  • Supplanting of sheet music with phonographs
  • Rise of network radio and sound film
  • Increased influence of African American genres such as jazz and blues.
innovations
Innovations

mid 1920s- phonograph disc sales surpassed

sheet music

1925- Electric recording replaces acoustic

recording, paving way for “crooners”

1906- First radio broadcast (Mass.)

network radio
Network Radio
  • 1896 - Marconi awarded patent for radio
  • 1922- 564 independent stations
  • 1922- Telephone lines used to transmit Chicago football game to NY
  • 1926- First radio network (NBC)
  • What is the effect of Networks?
further happenings of the 1920s
Further happenings of the 1920s
  • Jazz Singer (1927)
  • The Broadway Melody (1929)
  • ASCAP
  • Big publishers and recordings companies controlled exposure: Tin Pan Alley songs, ball room dance bands
  • Smaller sales in classical, “race”, “hillbilly” records
freak dances
Freak Dances

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YzC1h2XnmwY

freak dances8
Freak Dances
  • Cakewalk
  • WW I era rise of dance hall and cabarets
  • Turkey trot, fox trot, grizzly bear
  • Tango- ball room, habanera, light opera, gaucho ballads (NY 1910)
europe and castles
Europe and Castles

Vernon and Irene Castle

James Reese Europe (1880-1919)

castle house rag
Castle House Rag
  • 1914 – James Reese Europe
  • A B A – rounded binary (also AABBA or AA BA BA

A

A

B

B

A

C

C

D

D

E

E

F

What piece used a similar form?

the jazz age why it was dangerous
The Jazz Age -Why it was dangerous
  • What is Jazz?

Indigenous American Art from founded my African Americans, primarily in New Orleans

Improvisatory music

where did it come from
Where did it come from?
  • New Orleans, around 1900
  • Confluence of ragtime, marching bands, Mardi Gras and funeral processions, French and Italian opera, Caribbean and Mexican music, Tin Pan Alley songs, African American song tradition (gospel and blues)
why was jazz dangerous
Why was jazz dangerous?
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Indiscriminate sex
  • Effeminacy
  • Suicide
  • Bestiality
  • Insanity
  • Indigestion

-N.Y. Times as sited in Starr and Waterman p.60

the legacy of jazz
The Legacy of Jazz
  • Considered more art music today than popular music
  • Cultural Vernacular
  • Social factors