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Pastoral Care in Human Crisis. Crisis Intervention Theory I RWBell 03/02. Crisis Intervention Theory. Modern CI Theory manifests a psychological focus that often overlooks the specifically spiritual/religious dimension inherent in human crisis.

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pastoral care in human crisis

Pastoral Care in Human Crisis

Crisis Intervention Theory

I

RWBell 03/02

crisis intervention theory
Crisis Intervention Theory
  • Modern CI Theory manifests a psychological focus that often overlooks the specifically spiritual/religious dimension inherent in human crisis.
  • Crisis Ministry itself has tended to reflect this orientation by way of psychologically defined goals for ministry (focused upon human functioning).
  • Charles V. Gerkin posits that “pastoral response to crisis situations . . . must be informed . . . by a theology of ministry in crisis situations that incorporates a theological understanding of human crisis.” (“Crisis Ministry,” Dictionary of PC & C, 247)
crisis a theological view
Crisis: A Theological View
  • “First” Aid in Pastoral Care is God’s aid.
  • Pastoral care is “an explicit involvement in the caring response of God to man…”
  • “The person cared for is potentially set free in pastoral care from attachment to the caring person for a response to the caring God.”
  • “Pastoral care is acknowledged involvement in the responsiveness of God.”
    • Canon Leslie Virgo. “First Aid in Pastoral Care: I. The Biblical Basis,” Expository Times 95 (7), 196.
crisis a theological view 1
Crisis: A Theological View 1
  • A pastoral approach to crisis requires both:
    • pragmatism - (practical)
    • theological reflection - (Biblical)
crisis a theological view 2
Crisis: A Theological View 2
  • All crises are theological at their core; to wit: “Why?” (i.e., “Why did God . . . ?”)
    • A cry of pain (“Why!!?) versus a question needing immediate discursive response.
  • Our concern is both for the immediate and the ultimate concerns that arise in the crisis experience, and usually in that order.
  • Consider Job’s experience.
crisis intervention purpose
Crisis Intervention: Purpose
  • The purpose of all acts of pastoral care in response to human crisis is ?
crisis intervention purpose7
Crisis Intervention: Purpose
  • The purpose of all acts of pastoral care in response to human crisis isto enable persons to glorify God and to enjoy Him forever.
crisis definitions
Crisis: Definitions
  • Crisis: danger + opportunity
  • Crisis: turning point (in which a decision is required)
  • Crisis: a person’s internal reaction to an external hazard
  • Crisis: a state of feeling overwhelmed due to an event/situation for which one is unable to cope using one’s customary means.*
crisis development 2
Crisis Development 2
  • Precipitatory event = situation at hand
  • Appraisal = what meaning a person attributes to the event
  • Coping Resources = ways and means of responding to threatening situations or events. The adequacy of the resources affects the extent to which the event will be experienced as a crisis.
crisis development
Crisis Development
  • Precipitatory Event Appraisal of Resources & Coping Methods = if OVERWHELMED, then . . .
  • CRISIS !!
crisis timeframe
Crisis: Timeframe
  • Usual timeframe is less than six weeks (acute phase).
  • Crisis Intervention Techniques are used during this phase alone to address the immediate, urgent needs.
  • Do only for the person(s) what they are unable to do for themselves.
crisis behavior
Crisis Behavior
  • Crisis behavior is not a sign of weakness or mental illness, but is normal.
    • BBehaviorally
    • AAffectively
    • SSomatically {Hand}
    • IInterpersonally
    • CCognitively
    • SSpiritually
crisis intervention objectives 1
Crisis Intervention: Objectives 1
  • Remember that crisis =
    • 1) DANGER
    • 2) Opportunity
  • Purpose of crisis intervention >
  • Objectives of intervention (how purpose is achieved)>
crisis intervention objectives 2
Crisis Intervention: Objectives 2
  • 1) [Danger] > to reduce the impact of the crisis.
  • 2) [Opportunity] > to equip those in crisis to deal with the present as well as future crises by learning more effective means of coping.Alternatively: to assist the person in integrating the crisis for the sake of future growth in Christ.
  • In summary:reduce impact&equip to cope
second order intervention what to do once the sea has been calmed 1
Second-Order Intervention:What to Do Once the Sea Has Been Calmed 1
  • Remember that not everyone needs 2nd order intervention in order to resolve their crisis.
  • Others will benefit from short-term counseling or assistance in working through a crisis in its aftermath.
second order intervention what to do once the sea has been calmed 2
Second-Order Intervention:What to Do Once the Sea Has Been Calmed 2
  • 2nd order intervention is most effective when it coincides with the period of disorganization (six or more weeks) of the crisis itself.
  • During this period some reorganization is taking place. Hence, the intent is to affect the reorganization toward growth and health.
crisis intervention theory 1 cit
Crisis Intervention Theory 1 (CIT)
  • CIT involves five sequential steps:
    • 1) Understanding Crisis as Homeostatic Upset
    • 2) Recognizing the Kind of Imbalance
        • Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, Physical, Spiritual
    • 3) Recognizing the Cause of the Crisis
        • Loss of support, loss of control, a new/unique situation
    • 4) Achieving Short-Term Stabilization
    • 5) Achieving Long-Term Stabilization
        • Robert Pavelsky, “Crisis Intervention Theory” in Dictionary of Pastoral Care & Counseling, ed. Rodney J. Hunter (Nashville: Abingdon, 1990), 245-46.