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National Emphasis Program on Amputations. National Emphasis Program. What’s its purpose?. Describe policies and procedures to identify and reduce workplace industry hazards likely to cause amputations. Where does it apply?. OSHA wide 40% of nations workplaces

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Presentation Transcript
what s its purpose
What’s its purpose?
  • Describe policies and procedures to identify and reduce workplace industry hazards likely to cause amputations
where does it apply
Where does it apply?
  • OSHA wide
  • 40% of nations workplaces
  • States encouraged to adopt similar programs
  • General industry employers whose workplaces include shears, saws, slicers, and power presses (the 3s and a P)
what s the background and reason for the program
What’s the background and reason for the program?
  • Continued incidence of amputations from the operation of saws, shears, slicers, and power presses of all types
  • Equipment was identified from three sources:
    • NIOSH research project on machine safety
    • OSHA IMIS accident database
    • BLS data
  • Used primarily in woodworking and manufacturing shops
  • Two types
    • Table
    • Radial arm
  • Other types include:

Hand held Chop Miter

Skil Band

  • Self-contained machines using a mechanically driven ram
  • Ram moves a nonrotary blade at a constant rate past the edge of fixed blade
  • Machine components consist of:

Frame RAM Blades Drive

Hold-down(s) Guards

Clutch Brake


Pre-cut Shear for pre-cut profiles

  • Commonly used to slice meat and food
  • Use rotary blade
  • Guillotine cutters used in other industries
  • Most injuries occur in restaurants and grocery stores
meat slicer
Meat slicer









power presses
Power presses
  • NEP covers all types of power presses
  • Presses consist of stationary bed, and slide
  • Used in a variety of industries
part revolution clutch
Part revolution clutch

Floor Mounted

Bench Top

presence device
Presence device





two hand controls
Two-hand controls

Key Selector capable

of being supervised

Top Stop

Emergency Stop

Indicator Light

program procedures
Program Procedures
  • Existing programs may be combined or expanded, or a new program developed
  • NEP includes three activities:
    • Outreach
    • Targeting/selection
    • Inspection

NEP - Amputations

when will the program start
When will the program start?
  • Outreach – will be continued to support the purpose of this NEP
  • Inspections – are to begin March 26, 2002
standard industrial classification codes 1910 212 all machines
Standard industrial classification codes - 1910.212, All machines

SIC CodeIndustry

  • 3499 Fabricated Metal Products, Not Elsewhere Classified
  • 3443 Fabricated Plate Work (boiler shops)
  • 3441 Fabricated Structural Metal
  • 3599 Industrial and Commercial Machinery and Equipment,
  • Not Elsewhere Classified
  • Metal Doors, Sash, and Trim
  • 3469 Metal Stampings, Not Elsewhere Classified
  • 3496 Miscellaneous Fabricated Wire Products
  • 3714 Motor Vehicles Parts and Accessories
  • 3089 Plastic Products, Not Elsewhere Classified
  • Sheet Metal Work
standard industrial classification codes 1910 213 woodworking machinery
Standard industrial classification codes - 1910.213, Woodworking machinery

SIC CodeIndustry

  • 3499 Fabricated Metal Products, NEC
  • 2431 Mill work
  • 2451 Mobile Homes
  • 3089 Plastic Products, NEC
  • 2421 Sawmills & Planning Mills
  • Wood Kitchen Cabinets
  • 2511 Wood Household Furniture, Excepted Upholstered
  • Wood Office and Store Fixtures, Partitions, Shelving,
  • and Lockers
  • 2448 Wood Pallets & Skids
  • 2499 Wood Products, Not Elsewhere Classified
standard industrial classification codes 1910 217 power presses
Standard industrial classification codes - 1910.217, Power presses

SIC Code Industry

  • 3499 Fabricated Metal Products, Not Elsewhere Classified
  • Fabricated Plate Work (boiler shops)
  • Fabricated Structural Metal
  • 3429 Hardware, Not Elsewhere Classified
  • 3442 Metal Doors, Sash, Frames, Molding, and Trim
  • 3469 Metal Stampings, Not Elsewhere Classified
  • Miscellaneous Fabricated Wire Products
  • 3714 Motor Vehicle Parts and Accessories
  • 2542 Office & Store Fixtures, Partitions, Shelving, & Lockers, Except Wood
  • 3444 Sheet Metal Work
additions to list
Additions to list
  • Area offices will obtain and use additional data to identify and add establishments where amputation injuries or fatalities related to these machines have occurred in the last 5 years.
  • Local information could include
    • IMIS/Workers’compensation data
    • NIOSH/hospital admissions/discharge data
    • Emergency Medical Services, fire department, and police reports
    • OSHA 200 and 300 logs
inspection procedures
Inspection Procedures
  • Scheduled I.A.W. firm
  • Once scheduled, IMIS data base will be searched for employer’s citation and fatality/accident history prior to opening conference
  • At opening conference, CSHO will inquire if any of this machinery is present in the workplace
inspection procedures cont d
Inspection procedures (cont’d)
  • If present, a thorough inspection will be conducted focusing on:
    • Nip points
    • Pinch points
    • Shear points
    • Cutting actions
    • Point(s) of operation
inspection procedures cont d33
Inspection procedures (cont’d)
  • CSHO will also evaluate employee exposures during the following:
    • Regular operation of machine
    • Setup/threading/preparation for operation of machine
    • Clearing jamups or upset conditions
    • Making adjustments while machine is operating
    • Cleaning of machine
    • Oiling/greasing of machine /machine parts
    • Scheduled/unscheduled maintenance
    • Lockout/tagout considerations
inspections procedures cont d
Inspections procedures (cont’d)
  • CSHO will review OSHA 200 and 300logs for all amputation injuries or hazards
  • Limited to hazards associated with power presses, saws, shears, and slicers, but may be expanded
  • Inspections will begin March 26, 2002
  • Because program may yield significant cases, A.D.s, supervisors and CSHOs should ensure case developments are being met
scheduling and resource allocation
Scheduling and resource allocation
  • Resources - R.A.’s will ensure adequate resources for this NEP
  • Planning - R.A.’s will report to DCP, the number of NEP inspections that are planned for each fiscal year
scheduling and resource allocation cont d
Scheduling and resource allocation (cont’d)
  • Priority - Inspection conducted under this NEP have a lower priority than Site Specific Targeting (SST), but have a higher priority than other programmed inspections
  • National Office
    • NEP will be coordinated with Office of General Industry Compliance, DCP
  • Field
    • Each R.A. will have a coordinator
  • Due to nature of program, staff must have adequate training or experience
  • OTI provides training materials
    • Additional sessions of power press/machine guarding course can be made available
    • Can be expanded to include use of stop time measuring device
additional training
Additional training
  • On-the-Job-Training
  • Enforcement and compliance issues
federal agencies program evaluation
Federal agencies/program evaluation

Area Offices

Federal Agencies

Evaluate according

to CPL2.102 A

Regional Offices

imis coding
IMIS coding
  • Inspections in industries where potential exposure exist will be coded as an amputation hazard
  • Done regardless of whether machinery was guarded and amputation hazard removed
  • Coding and back coding done for all industries except construction