INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS PS 145 MR DOUG PERKINS TODAY’S AGENDA Administrative Stuff Concept of the Day Web Sites of the Day Map Stuff Talk about the News Concept of the Day State-Level Analysis ADMINISTRIVIA Take Roll Extra Credit Opportunities
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MR DOUG PERKINS
Afghanistan was invaded and occupied by the Soviet Union in 1979. The USSR was forced to withdraw 10 years later by anti-communist mujahidin forces supplied and trained by the US, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, and others. Fighting subsequently continued among the various mujahidin factions, but the fundamentalist Islamic Taliban movement has been able to seize most of the country. In addition to the continuing civil strife, the country suffers from enormous poverty, a crumbling infrastructure, and widespread land mines.
Ethnic groups:Pashtun 38%, Tajik 25%, Hazara 19%, minor ethnic groups (Aimaks, Turkmen, Baloch, and others) 12%, Uzbek 6%
Religions:Sunni Muslim 84%, Shi'a Muslim 15%, other 1%
Languages:Pashtu 35%, Afghan Persian (Dari) 50%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism
(THIS IS ALSO AN EXAMPLE OF HOW NATIONAL CULTURE CAN BE THOUGHT TO AFFECT FOREIGN POLICY)