Influence of the Reinheitsgebot Evan Pierce Wim
German Beer Statistics • 1350 breweries in Germany • 5000 different beers to choose from • The average German drinks 114 liters of beer, third highest in the world
Topics Discussed • History of Beer • Importance of Beer • Beer Coming to German • Purity Law • Unifying Germany • German Beer in America • Reinheitsgebot • Hops • Types of Beer
History of Beer • Origins are unknown • Best guess was a fermented wildly in the vast natural wheat fields of Ukraine. • Man has been drinking beer before written speech • Also, man has been making beer before settling the cities of Mesopotamia
History of Beer • Mesopotamia Kings gave a ration of Beer to its citizens. • Beer was fermented in Ancient Egypt and is said to be where most of today's European brews originated. • The oldest known Recipe is brewed by DogFish Head called Midas Touch
Importance of Beer • Beer was an important source of water • Lack of the Germ Theory allowed for sewage and trash to be tossed into drinking sources • Beer was cleaner than water source • Also, provided a notional value as it was a good source of vitamin B and other vitamins as well. • Beer was also used to season food as it was used to batter fried foods
Early Beer • Brewed by women who were in danger of burning to death from open flame • Liver disease was probably common • Beer was brewed with unconventional preservatives such as soot and hallucinogenic mushrooms.
Beer Coming to Germany • How and when are unknown, Egypt, Ukraine and France all say that they taught the Germans how to brew • Fermented Beverages were in the area of Germany before Attila • Charlemagne brewed beer for himself.
First Brewery • First brewery in Germany was built in 725 CE. • Built as a monastery by monks but became a Brewery over the years • Today it is the oldest known brewery in the world.
Reinheitsgebot • Purity Law enacted by Duke William I V of Bavaria in 1516 • Limited what beer could be made with and how much beer to sell at a certain cost.
Reinheitsgebot • Limited Beer to be made with only three ingredients. • Water • Barley • Hops
Reinheitsgabolt • Yeast was not included at first because it was not known to be an ingredient in alcohol. • To start fermentation process wort was left out in the open to use unknown wild yeast. • Also, bread was added or left over batches of the previous brew was used to begin fermentation
Unification • Reinheitsgebot became such an important part of the culture that it was used to establish Germany during the unification process . • Bavaria would not unify without the purity laws and was a great struggle as other parts of Germany refused to brew with the restrictions.
German Beer in America • German style Beer came to America in the early 1 8 00’s • First German Brewery in America was established by the Y uengling Family in Pottsville Pennsylvania • Brewed beer following the Reinheitsgebot • Beer tasted cleaner and crisper than German Beer
German Beer in America • With a large immigration of Germans through out the 1800’s over 4000 breweries are built • Over time breweries consolidate to around 2000 breweries across the US • Prohibition closes down many of the breweries
Beer in America • Prohibition stops breweries from making alcoholic beverages. • Beer Breweries tried to survive by making cereal beers. • When prohibition end the country is at war and breweries are limited to what the can make and resort to rice and corn to brew beer.
Beer in America • Today micro breweries are making beers that follow the reinheitsgebot and traditional European brews. • Major Corporate breweries are even catering to the craft beer market.
Reinheitsgebot Today • Reinheitsgebot today has been scrutinized by other members of the European Union • Other member of the EU found that the purity law created a barrier for foreign competitors to sell their product in Germany • In 1987 the European Court forced Germany to allow foreign competitors to sell in Germany
Reinheitsgebot Today • Germany allowed foreign competitors into the market with strict advertising regulations • If the beer was not brewed with according to the purity law than it could not be advertised as beer. • Instead of being advertised as beer had to be advertised as a malt bevarage
German Hops • Germany is also known for its Hops and first documented country to use hops in brewing • Important preservative and flavoring ingredient of Beer • Germany is the major producer of the Noble Hops.
German Hops • Hallertau • Spalt • Saaz • Tettnag • All are low in bitterness and high in aroma
Types of German Beer • Germany produces both types of beers Lagers and Ales • Most famous for developing and producing lagers • Lager translates into English “To Store” • Traditional Lagers are brewed with bottom fermenting yeast and fermented. They are then stored from 30 days up to six months in cool temperatures • The outcome is a cleaner crisper beer.
List of German Beers • AltBier • Kölsch • Weizen • Berliner Weisse • Leipziger Göse • Helles • Schwarzbier • Pilsener • Export • Spezial • Dunkel • Rauchbier • Bock
Sources • “Hops”, Food, April19, 2008. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hops • “William IV Duke of Bavaria,” March 18, 2008. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_IV%2C_Duke_of_Bavaria • “Germ Theory of Disease”, April 13, 2008. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_IV%2C_Duke_of_Bavaria • “Reinheitsgebot” April 15th 2008, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinheitsgebot • Madden, Cheryl, Personal Interview. 2 March 2008 • Michael Newkirk, Ancient Beer, http://www.rpi.edu/dept/chem-eng/Biotech-Environ/beer/history1.htm • Ricardo Roces, “The Development of Beer Through History ”, http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/medny/roces2.html • Stephen Snyder. The Brew Masters Bible. Harper Collins NewYork 1997 • Dog Fish Head, 2005-2008. “Midas Touch Gold Elixir” http://www.dogfish.com/brewings/Year_Round_Beers/Midas_Touch_Golden_Eli xir/1/index.htm • TED Case Studies, German Beer Purity Law, 1/11/97: http://www.american.edu/TED/germbeer.htm • The daily Colligian Online, Home Brew, Novemner 16, 2006: http://www.collegian.psu.edu/archive/2006/11/11-16-06tdc/11-16-06darts-10.asp • Germans Purity Law, http://www.ece.cmu.edu/~girishv/beer/purity.html • http://www.brauerei-weihenstephan.de/index.php?page=home_2_1_1&PHPSESSID=&flash=1&PHPSESSID= • Mathew Evans, Duchess Beer, April 2007.