Table Manners (1) • Does Indians all eat with hands? • Though Indian cooking uses an extensivearray of specialized utensils for various purposes, Indians traditionally do not use cutlery for eating, as many foods - such as Indian breads and curry - are best enjoyed when eating with the hand. • Eating with one's hands is a technique that can be quite clean when done correctly, but may require a degree of practice. First, the hands must be thoroughly washed, with particular attention paid to the fingernails. Having long fingernails in India is considered unhygienic.
Table Manners (2) • Right Hand • The cardinal rule of dining is to always use the right hand when eating or receiving food and never the left. The left hand is considered unclean and to use the left hand when eating is considered uncouth. • The reason for this is because the left hand is associated with wiping one's bottom. • However, since Indian tradition also dictates that food should not be jutha (contaminated with saliva), only the hand that is not contaminated with saliva (left hand) should be used to transfer food from the serving dish to your plate. Also, it is advisable to use the left hand if there are any cutlery for taking food from the dish onto your plate.
Table Manners (3) • Beef & Pork Almost all Hindus consider cattlesacred, and do not eat beef. Muslims consider the pig unclean and do not eat pork. Restaurants in more conservative Indian states, therefore, don't serve beef or pork, and if they are not on the menu then one would not ask for them for risk of offending the restaurateur. • Other rules In formal settings, it is expected that everyone will wait for the host or the eldest person - the elder taking priority over the host - to begin eating before everyone else starts.
Indian Etiquette Tips • In India, shoes are never worn in a place of worship or in a home, and you might have to take your shoes off before entering a museum or historic monument. Because of this, you might want to buy a pair of inexpensive sandals, like flip-flops(夾腳涼鞋). This way, you can just slide your sandals off and on whenever you visit those places. • DON'T wear tight clothes or clothes that exposes skin in more rural areas. Exposing skin or tight clothes may suggest that you're either too poor to dress well or that you're shameless about showing your body • DO fold your hands, bow your head, and say "Namaste" when greeting.
Extensive: 廣泛的 Array: 一系列, 大量的 Utensil: 器皿 Cutlery: 刀叉 Curry: 咖喱 Thoroughly: 徹底的 Fingernails: 手指甲 Unhygienic: 不衛生 Uncouth: 沒有教養; 粗野的 Muslims: 回教; 伊斯蘭 Priority: 優先權 Slide: 滑 Rural : 鄉村 Cardinal: 重要的; 基礎的 Wipe: 擦拭 Bottom: 臀部 Dictate: 指定; 支配 Contaminate: 污染 Serve dish: 上菜 Advisable: 適當的; 可取的 Hindus: 印度人 Cattle: 牛 Sacred: 神聖的 Worship: 祭拜 Monument: 歷史遺址; 紀念館 Shameless : 無恥; 傷風敗俗的 Vocabularies
Reference • Vayame http://www.vayama.com/india-etiquette • Etiquette of Indian Dinning http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etiquette_of_Indian_dining