History of Psychology. Chapter 12 :Gestalt Psychology. 1. The Whole is Different From the Sum of Its Parts. A. The Gestalt revolution 1. in Germany 2. a protest against Wundtian psychology B. Criticisms of Wundt’s approach 1. against elementism
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Chapter 12 :Gestalt Psychology
3. However, the whole is different from the sum of its parts
1. Qualities of experience can not be explained as combination of elementary sensations
2. Perceptions based on something greater than a merging of individual sensations
3. Wertheimer considered von Ehrenfels' work the crucial antecedentAntecedent Influences onGestalt Psychology
B. Organizing principles don’t depend on higher mental processes or past experiences