Haiku and You Grade 7 - Ages 12-15 Autumn 2003 English Language Arts Goals: • To understand the formal structure of haiku. • To use the compression of language and expansion of meaning to create an original haiku. Through images, rhythm, written examples, and their own writing, students will learn the structure of the poetry form, haiku. Students will also learn that in Japan, haiku is used to express seasonal awareness, feelings toward nature, compassion to animals, loneliness, happiness, and sadness. Kobayashi Issa, one of Japan’s great poets, is introduced as someone who created haiku by integrating his own emotions and observations of nature.
Haiku… The compression of language and the expansion of meaning.
Symbolism Haiku uses symbolismto describe nature or emotions. What does a tree symbolize to you? Life? Learning? Family? Growth?
Haiku Is Effective When… … the images are concrete: “Powdered crags…” … the reader finds personal meaning in the symbolism. Powdered crags look up Clear blue canopy protects Green blanket below
Japan Celebrates 5 Seasons • Winter • Spring • Summer • Autumn and….. Oshogatsu - the Japanese New Year!
How Do You Do Haiku? Modern haiku is a 3-line verse, using 17 Japanese characters or English syllables. 5 syllables 7 syllables 5 syllables In this first line of haiku, the word, blossom, has 2 syllables. “Lo/tus blos/som peeks” 1 2 3 4 5 (5 syllables in this line.)
Kigo In true Japanese form, haiku uses a season’s hint word, or kigo. “Lotus blossom peeks”
“Lotus blossom peeks” Guess the season using this line of haiku. Use thekigo. (During what season does the Lotus begin to bloom?) Autumn Winter New Year SpringSummer
“The Compression of Language.” The delicate lotus blossom slowly emerges from a bundle of leaves when spring arrives… …blah…blah…blah. Those 14 words, or 23 syllables, were compressed to create this 5-syllable line: Lotus blossom peeks
The Expansion of Meaning. ‘Lotus’ is a simple, concrete, idea. When the words, ‘blossom peeks,’ are added, the meaning is expanded. Lotusblossom peeks Green bed hugging fresh petals Bees seek sweet nectar
A Great Haiku Poet Kobayashi Issa (1763-1827). He wrote tender haiku about his children and wife who died, his poverty, and his little insect and animal friends. A Self-Portrait by Issa: "Gimme that moon!/ cries the crying/ child."
Can You Haiku? • Pretend you are like Issa, all alone in the countryside of Japan. • You observe nature along the way. Maybe you see the sun rising, insects buzzing and colorful grasses. • Use haiku to describe what yousee and feel.
Remember to use the Haiku form: line 1: 5 syllables line 2: 7 syllables line 3: 5 syllables Include a kigo. Compress the language. E x p a n d the meaning.
Write a first draft, then work with the syllables and images: Line 1: Line 2: Line 3:
Are you still thinking? A good Haiku is about something simple… • wet leaves • a sunset • waking up in the morning …and you think about that in a different way! Good Work!!!!
Here are some terms and concepts you have learned: Compression of Language Concrete Expansion of Meaning Haiku Image Issa Japan Kigo Syllable Symbolism
Credits Music: Taiko Drumming: http://members.accessbee.com/jkwasnik/midi/warsong.mid Images: Tree: No. 4. Japan, John Fitzgerald; http://www.botanique.com Oshagatsu Drummer: http://www.familyculture.com/images/taiko.gif Lotus: http://www.cnpa.org/images/Lotus_-_resized_3Casey_Szocinski.jpg Issa’s Self Portrait: http://xavier.xula.edu/dlanoue/issa/images/sketch.jpg Mountains:http://www.hsuyun.org/Dharma/zbohy/VisualArts/IandR/set3/powdered-crags2-c.jpg Map: http://www.sacredhps.act.edu.au/assets/images/japan_map.jpg