drugs and crime l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Drugs and Crime PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Drugs and Crime

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

Drugs and Crime - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Drugs and Crime. Policy. Drug use and crime. Psychoactive drugs: alter conscious awareness or perception Psychological dependency: person craves a drug Physiological addiction: body becomes biochemically dependent on a drug

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

Drugs and Crime

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
drug use and crime
Drug use and crime
  • Psychoactive drugs: alter conscious awareness or perception
  • Psychological dependency: person craves a drug
  • Physiological addiction: body becomes biochemically dependent on a drug
  • Tolerance: greater doses are necessary to produce the same effect
drugs crime
Drugs & crime
  • Withdrawal: physical and psychological symptoms which develop in an addicted person when he or she abruptly stops or reduces intake of a drug
  • Central nervous system depressants: remove social inhibitions, relieve anxiety, impair judgment. Include alcohol, barbiturates and minor tranquilizers
drugs and crime pharmacological classification
Drugs and crime:Pharmacological classification
  • Central nervous system stimulants: addiction possible, stimulates alertness, wakefulness, euphoria; includes amphetamines, caffeine, nicotine and cocaine and its derivatives (crack, ice)
  • Hallucinogens: non-addicting; effects include hallucinations, sense of timelessness & mystical insights; LSD, mescaline, psilocybin
drugs and crime5
Drugs and crime
  • Narcotics: highly addicting, acts as an analgesic, euphoria; includes morphine, heroin, codeine and Demerol
  • Phencyclidine (PCP): not addicting; causes mental confusion, unfocused aggression, pain relief
  • Marijuana: not addicting, dose dependent effects
legal classification of drugs
Legal classification of drugs
  • Drugs classified from Schedule I Drugs to Schedule V, with I the most restricted and V the least restricted
  • Classified based on: (1) medical usage; and (2) potential for abuse
  • Note that alcohol is not included, yet if it were to be classified, it should be a Schedule I drug
legal classification
Schedule 1: high abuse potential, lack therapeutic utility and safety

II: high abuse potential, but currently accepted for medical practice

Heroin, LSD, peyote, PCP, mescaline

Opium, cocaine, morphine, benzedrine, methadone, amphetamines

Legal classification
Moderate abuse potential, utilized in medical practice

IV: low abuse potential

V: minimal abuse potential, currently used in medical practice

Barbituates, amphetamines

Darvon, phenobarbitol, valium

Cough medicines with small amounts of narcotics

substance abuse and criminality
Substance abuse and criminality
  • Clear link between drug use and criminality
  • Alcohol
  • Prison inmates 3 times as likely as other males the same age to drink 2+ oz. of liquor per day
  • 25% indicated they had got drunk and hurt someone during last 3 years
drugs and crime10
Drugs and crime
  • Alcohol involved in 2/3 of homicides in a Philadelphia study, about 40% of rape cases
  • about 75% of arrestees have traces of illegal drugs in their systems (DUF studies)
  • In a study of CA inmates, over 40% reported using “heavy drugs” in the last 3 years
drugs and crime11
Drugs and crime
  • Heroin and crack have been most associated with chronic serious offenders
  • Hypotheses
  • 1. Psychopharmacological: drugs contribute to crime by reducing inhibitions (alcohol) or stimulating aggressive behavior (stimulants)
drugs and crime12
Drugs and Crime
  • Economic Compulsivity hypothesis: Addiction to substances contribute to crime to support a habit.
  • Studies of junkies have indicated that many commit crimes to obtain drugs
  • Lifestyle hypothesis: Offenders both use drugs and commit crimes as part of a lifestyle
drugs and crime13
Drugs and crime
  • Studies have found that some individuals commit crimes after becoming addicted (economic)
  • Studies have also found that many abusers were committing crimes before beginning drug usage. During periods of addiction, crimes tended to increase considerably, referred to as “on a run.”
drugs and crime14
Drugs and crime
  • For the latter group, decrease in substance abuse was associated with a decrease, but not stopping, criminal activity
  • For a number of offenders, then, stopping drug use will not stop their criminal behavior, although crimes may decrease
drugs and crime15
Drugs and crime
  • Drugs may also contribute to crime by adding to social disorder
  • Encouraging illegal activities on the part of those already inclined to violence
  • Reducing drunkenness through increased taxation and cultural discouragement
  • Forbidding alcohol in public places to the convicted (perhaps through an altered driver’s license)
  • Legalization of marijuana
  • Reduce volume of serious drugs (cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin)
  • Making treatment more readily available
  • Targeting higher level drug dealers
  • Long sentences for minor dealers takes up prison cells
  • Police tactics focussing on blatant drug dealing (reducing disorder)
  • More effective use of probation and parole
  • Use of methadone