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Developing Scientific Writing Skills DNS 100 Session #11 © Douglas E. Ruby 2005 Types of Writing in Science Lab Reports Technical Reports Oral Reports Term papers Science Poster Thesis or Dissertation Scientific Publication Formal Format for all Scientific Writing Introduction

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developing scientific writing skills
Developing Scientific Writing Skills
  • DNS 100 Session #11
  • © Douglas E. Ruby 2005
types of writing in science
Types of Writing in Science
  • Lab Reports
  • Technical Reports
  • Oral Reports
  • Term papers
  • Science Poster
  • Thesis or Dissertation
  • Scientific Publication
formal format for all scientific writing
Formal Format for all Scientific Writing
  • Introduction
    • States hypothesis
  • Methods and Materials
    • Information sufficient for someone to repeat experiment
  • Results
    • Present data from observations
  • Discussion
    • Interpret and explain results
common problems
Common Problems
  • Format not followed as expected
  • Parts taken from Lab Manual
  • Introduction unclear
  • Methods skimpy, incomplete, misleading
  • Confusing Results and Discussion
    • What is observed vs what is concluded
  • Lack of details in results
  • Conclusions not based on actual data but on expectations from directions
term papers
Term papers
  • Substantial presentation of a topic
  • Follow guidelines and deadlines from instructor very carefully
  • Meet all deadlines on time
  • Choose topic and title
    • Select topic of interest to you
    • Connect to the course
  • Have strategy before writing
    • Brainstorming
term papers ii
Term papers II
  • Organizing
    • Outline is good strategy
    • Write out outline and submit for review
      • Too long, short, vague?
  • Make presentation original
    • in your own words
  • Integrate information in an unique way
term papers iii
Term papers III
  • Write rough draft
  • Revise, Revise, Revise
  • Edit and proofread very carefully. Use spelling and grammar checker provided in wordprocessor (either Microsoft Word or Wordperfect)
  • Have friend review the paper
term papers iv
Term papers IV
  • Keep track of sources and cite them in the paper
  • Avoid copying phrases exactly
    • Avoid plagiarism
  • Prepare Literature cited list
oral reports
Oral Reports
  • Prepare as seriously as if a written assignment
  • Present enough information in depth rather than several topics inadequately covered
  • Be organized, clear and accurate
  • Rehearse
  • Convey interest, energy and enthusiasm
technical reports
Technical Reports
  • Report on a project or research
  • Focuses on specific question or specific need of client / company
  • Not peer-reviewed generally
science poster
Science Poster
  • Report of scientific experiment
  • Examples in Carver Hall
  • Organized like Scientific Paper
  • Visual organization important
  • Conciseness required due to space limitations
  • Not peer-reviewed
thesis or dissertation
Thesis or Dissertation
  • Extensive project and research
  • Prepared as degree requirement
    • Master’s
    • Doctorate
  • Project supervised by Research Committee which approves final thesis
scientific publication
Scientific Publication
  • Formal scientific report in a peer-reviewed scientific journal
  • Source of all new scientific information
  • Follows Scientific Format
  • Peer reviewed before editorial decision to publish is made
  • Contains citations of previous work related to current project
assignment
Assignment
  • Exercise 11 from syllabus
  • Do Exercise 12 part A from syllabus in preparation for next week
  • Start working on Exercise 13
  • for November 28-30.