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Chapter 9 System of Documentation 4A 9210033A Sharon 9310031A Ken 9310053A Jamie. 4.03 APA Style. In APA journals, legal materials are given in the reference list, not in text footnotes.

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Chapter 9System of Documentation

4A

9210033A Sharon

9310031A Ken

9310053A Jamie


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4.03 APA Style

  • In APA journals, legal materials are given in the reference list, not in text footnotes.

  • The reference list must be double-spaced, and entries should have a hanging indent.


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Abbreviation

  • Here are some acceptable abbreviation which can be used in the reference list.

    chap. chapter

    ed. edition

    Rev. ed revised edition

    2nd ed. second edition

    Ed. (Eds.) Editor (Editors)

    Trans. Translator(s)

    n.d. no date

    p. (pp.) page (pages)

    Vol. Volume

    Vols. Volumes

    No. Number

    Pt. Part

    Tech. Rep. Technical Report

    Suppl. Supplement


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Publishers’ location

  • Give the location of the publishers of books, reports, brochures, and other separate, nonperiodical publications.

  • If the publisher is a university and the name of the state is included in the name of the university, do not repeat the name in the publisher location.


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4.04 Order of References in the Reference List country because they are well known for publishing. (e.g., Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York)

Alphabetizing names

  • Alphabetize letter by letter, and note that nothing precedes something (e.g., Brown, J. R., precedes Browning , A. R.)

  • Alphabetize the prefixes, and disregard the apostrophe.

    ex: MacArthur precede McAllister


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  • Alphabetize surnames that contain articles and prepositions, and if a prefix is part of the surname, treat the prefix as part of the last name, but don’t forget to alphabetize it.

    ex: DeBase precedes De Vries

  • If the prefix is not customarily used, put it after the initials.

    ex: Helmhotz, H. L. F. von

  • Alphabetize entries with numerals as if the numerals were spelled out.


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Order of several works by the same first author and if a prefix is part of the surname, treat the prefix as part of the last name, but don’t forget to alphabetize it.

When ordering several works by the same first author, give the author’s name by the follow rules.

  • References with one author (or more than two authors) are arranged by year of publication.

    ex: Hewiett, L. S. (1996).

    Hewiett, L. S. (1999).

    Cabading, J. R., & Wright, K. (2000).

    Cabading, J. R., & Wright, K. (2001).


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  • Reference with the same first author and different second or third authors are arranged alphabetically by the surname of the second author or, if the second author is the same, the surname of the third author, and so on.

    ex: Gosling, J. R., Jerald, K., & Belfar, S. F. (2000).

    Gosling, J. R., & Tevlin, D. F. (1999).

    Hayward, D., Firsching, A., &Brown, J. (1999).

    Hayward, D., Firsching, A., & Smigel, J. (1999).


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  • References by the same author with the same publication date are arranged alphabetically by title (excluding A or The after the date).

  • Lowercase letters (e.g., a, b, c…) are placed after the year within parentheses, if the reference with the same authors published in the same year are identified as articles in a series (e.g., Part 1 and Part 2), order the references in the series order.

    ex: Baheti, J. R. (2001a). Control….

    Baheti, J. R. (2001b). Roles of….


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Order of several works by different first authors with the same surname.

  • Alphabetize works of different authors with the same surname by the first initial.

    ex: Mathur, A. L., & Wallton, J. (1999).

    Mathur, S. E., & Ahlers, R. J. (1998).


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Order of works with group authors or with no authors. same surname.

  • Alphabetize group authors.

  • Full official names should be used.

    ex: American Psychological Association, but not APA

  • A parent body precedes a subdivision.

    ex: I-Shou University, Department of Applied English


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  • If the work is signed Anonymous same surname., the entry begins with the word Anonymous, and we alphabetize Anonymous as a true name.

  • If there is no author, the title moves to the author position, and the entry is alphabetized by the first significant word of the title.


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4.05 References Included in a Meta-Analysis same surname.

Integrate the studies alphabetically within the references section in order to conserve journal pages, and identify each by adding asterisk in the front.

Bandura, A. J. (1977). Social learning theory Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall

*Bretschneider, J. G., & McCoy, N. L. (1968). Sexual interest and behavior in healthy 80- to 102-year olds. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 14, 343-350.


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Introduction to APA Reference Style same surname.

4.07 General Forms

  • Periodical: Include journals, magazines, scholarly newsletters which are on regular basis.

    Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of periodical, xx, xxx- xxx.


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  • Part of a nonperiodical (e.g., book chapter): monographs, manuals, and audiovisual media.

    Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of chapter. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher.


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  • Online periodical: monographs, manuals, and audiovisual media.

    Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of periodical, xx, xxx-xxx. Retrieved month day, year, from source.


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  • Online document: monographs, manuals, and audiovisual media.

    Author, A. A. (2000). Title of work. Retrieved month day, year, from source.

    Electronic sources include aggregate databases, online journals, Web sites or Web pages, newsgroups, Web- or e-mail-based discussion group, and Web- or e-mail-based newsletters.


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4.08 Author monographs, manuals, and audiovisual media.

  • Invert all authors’ name

  • Give surnames and initials no more than 6 authors. If the authors are more than 7, use et al. to abbreviate the subsequent authors.


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  • If the authors are more than 2, use an ampersand (&) before the last author.

  • Spell out the full name of a group author (e.g., Australian In Vitro Fertilization Collaborative Group; National Institute of Mental Health).

  • If authors are listed with the word with, include them in parentheses.

    ex: Bulatao, E. (with Winford, C. A.)


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  • Place the editors’ names in the author position, and use parentheses to enclose the abbreviation Ed. Or Eds. after the last editor’s name.

  • A work without author, move the title to the author position.

  • Finish the element with a period.

  • Do not add an extra period after the initial of the author.

    ex: Robbins, J. K.. Wrong


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Periodical: parentheses to enclose the abbreviation Ed. Or Eds. after the last editor’s name.

Kernis,M. H.,Cornell, D. P.,Berry,A.,& Harlow,T. (1993). There’s more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social psychology, 65, 1190-1204.

Nonperiodical:

Robinson, D. N.(Ed.).(1992).Social discourse and moral judgment. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.


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4.09 Publication Date parentheses to enclose the abbreviation Ed. Or Eds. after the last editor’s name.

  • Give the year of publication in parentheses (if the work is unpublished, give the year the work was produced).

  • For magazines, newsletters and newspapers, give the year followed by the exact date on the publication with parentheses. Ex: (2007)

  • Write in press in parentheses for articles that have been accepted for publication but that have not yet been published. Ex: (in press)


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4.10 Title of Article or Chapter of the meeting, separate by a comma and enclose in parentheses. Ex: (1993, June)

  • Capitalize the first word and proper nouns of the title.

  • Do not italicize the title or place a question marks.

  • Enclose nonroutine information that is important for identification and retrieval in brackets ([])after the article title.

  • Finish the element with a period.


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Periodical: of the meeting, separate by a comma and enclose in parentheses. Ex: (1993, June)

Deutsch, F. M., Lussier, J. B., & Servis, L. J.(1993). Husbands at home: Predictors of paternal participation in childcare and housework. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1154-1166.

Nonperiodical:

O’Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men’s and women’s gender role journeys: Metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York: Springer.


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4.11 Title of Work and Publication Information: of the meeting, separate by a comma and enclose in parentheses. Ex: (1993, June)

  • Give the periodical title in full.

  • Give the volume number of journals, magazines, and newsletters. Do not use Vol. before the number.

  • If a journal or newsletter does not use volume numbers, include the month, season or other designation with the year. Ex: (1994, April)

  • Italicize the name of the periodical and the volume number.

  • Give inclusive page numbers. Use pp. before the number.


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  • In electronic sources, page numbers are often not relevant. of the meeting, separate by a comma and enclose in parentheses. Ex: (1993, June)

  • Use commas after the title and volume number.

  • Finish the element with a period.

    Journal:

    Buss, D. M., & Schmitt, D. P. (1993). Sexual strategies theory: An evolutionary perspective on human mating. Psychological, Review, 100, 204-232.

    Magazine:

    Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Beyond the melting pot. Time, 135, 28-31.


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4.12 Title of Work: Nonperiodicals of the meeting, separate by a comma and enclose in parentheses. Ex: (1993, June)

  • Italicize the title, and capitalize the first word of the title and of the subtitle, and proper nouns.

  • Enclose additional information in parentheses after the title (e.g., edition, report number, volume number).

  • Do not add a period between the title and the parenthetical information.

  • Do not italicize the parenthetical information.


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4.13 Title of Work: Part of a Nonperiodical (Book Chapters) treat series and volume titles as a two-part title.

Editor:

  • The title element for an edited book include the name of the editor preceded by the word In, and the book title with parenthetical information.

  • Give initials and surname of all editors, and do not invert the editor’s name.


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Book title with parenthetical information: before the surname of the last author.

  • Give inclusive page number of the article or chapter in parentheses after the title.

  • The additional information (e.g., edition, report number, or volume number) precedes the page number within the parentheses and is followed by a comma. Ex: (4th ed., pp. 1-101)

  • Finish the element with a period.


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4.14 Publication Information: Nonperiodicals before the surname of the last author.

  • Give the city. If the city is not well known for publishing or could be confused with another location, the state or province or country where the publisher is located as note on the title page of the book.

  • Use a colon after the location.

  • If a publisher is a university whose name include the name of state or province, do not repeat the state or province in the publisher location again.


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4.15 Retrieval Information: Electronic Sources intelligible.

  • Provide the Internet address for the document at the end of the retrieval statement.

  • If the information is retrieved from an aggregated database, providing the name of the data base, but need not to provide the address.


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A. Periodicals information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.


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Elements of a reference to a periodical information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.

Herman, L. M., Kuczaj, S.A., III, & Holder, M. D. (1993).

Responses to anomalous gestural sequences by a

language-trained dolphin: Evidence for processing of

semantic relations and syntactic information. Journal

of Experimental Psychology: General, 122, 184-194.

Article author:Herman, L. M., Kuczaj, S.A., III, &

Holder, M. D.

Date of publication:(1993).

Article title:Responses to anomalous gestural sequences by a

language-trained dolphin: Evidence for processing of

semantic relations and syntactic information.


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˙ information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the

subtitle; if any, and any proper noun; don’t

italicizethe title or place quotation marks around it.


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˙ information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.Enclose nonroutine information that is important for identification and retrieval in brackets immediately after the article title.

Berkowitz, A. D. (2000, November 24). How to

tackle the problem of student drinking [Letter to

the editor]. The Chronicle of Higher Education,

p. B20.

˙Finish the element with a period

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 122,

184-194.


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Examples of a reference to a periodical information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.

1. Journal article, one author

Mellers, B. A. (2000). Choice and the relative

pleasure of consequences. Psychological

Bulletin, 126, 910-924.


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2. information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.Journal article, two authors, journal paginated by issue

Klimoski, R., & Palmer, S. (1993). The ADA and the

hiring process in organizations. Consulting

Psychology Journal: Practice and Research,

45(2), 10-36.


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3. Journal article, three to six authors information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.

Saywitz, K. J.,Mannarino, A. P.,Berloner, L., &

Cohen, J. A. (2000). Treatment for sexually

abused children and adolescents. American

Psychologist, 55,1040-1049.


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4. Journal article, more than six authors information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.

Wolchik, S. A., West, S. G., Sandler, I. N., Tein, J.,

Coatsworht, D., Lengua, L., et al. (2000). An

experimental evaluation of theory-based mother

and mother-child programs for children of

divorce. Journal of Consulting and Clinical

Psychology, 68, 843-856.

˙ et al. indicate the remaining authors of the article

˙ Parenthetical citation (Wolchik et al.)


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5. Journal article in press information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.

Zuckerman, M., & Kieffer, S. C. (in press). Race

differences in face-ism: Does facial prominence

imply dominance? Journal of Personality and

Social Psychology.

˙ in press paper has been submitted to a journal

and accepted for publication

˙Without writing a year, volume, or page numbers before publication (Zuckerman & Kieffer, in press)


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6. information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.Magazine article

Kandel, E. R., & Squire, L. R. (2000, November 10).

Neuroscience: Breaking down scientific

barriers to the study of brain and mind. Science,

290, 1113-1120.

˙volume number290


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7. Newsletter article information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.

Brown, L. S. (1993, Spring). Antidomination training as

a central component of diversity in clinical

psychology education. The Clinical Psychologist,

46, 83-87.

˙Give the volume number46


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8. Newsletter article, no author information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.

The new health-care lexicon. (1993,

August/September). Copy Editor, 4, 1-2.

˙alphabetize works with no author by the first significant word in the title “new”

˙use short title (full title if it’s short) for the parenthetical citation

 (“The new health-care lexicon,”1993).

˙ Give the volume number 4


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9. Daily newspaper article, no author information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.

New drug appears to sharply cut risk of death from

heart failure (1993, July 15). The Washington

Post, p. A12.

˙alphabetize works with no author by the first significant word in the title “New”

˙use short title for the parenthetical citation

 (“New Drug,” 1993)


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10. Daily newspaper article, discontinuous pages information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.

Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects

economic, social status. The Washington post,

pp. A1, A4.

˙If a article appears on discontinuous pages, give all page numbers, and separate the numbers with a comma.

 pp. A1, A4 or pp. B1, B3, B5-B7


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11. Weekly newspaper article, letter to the editor information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.

Berkowitz, A. D. (2000,November 24). How to

tackle the problem of student drinking[Letter

to the editor]. The Chronicle of Higher

Education, p. B20.

˙Letter to the editor (LTTE or LTE)

 a letter sent to a publication about issues

of concern to its readers.

Usually, letters are intended for publication.


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12. Entire issue or special section of a journal information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.

Barlow, D. H. (Ed.). (1999). Diagnoses, dimensions,

and DSM-IV: The science of classification

[Special issue]. Journal of Abnormal

Psychology, 100(3).

˙ give the editors of the issue and the title of the issue


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˙no editor information on how to obtain the cited material, rather than to the material itself.

 move the title to the author’s position, before the

year of publication

 Diagnoses, dimensions, and DSM-IV: The science

of classification [Special issue]. (1999). Journal of

Abnormal Psychology,100(3).

˙Alphabetize the all reference by the first significant word in the title

˙use short title for the parenthetical citation

 (“Diagnoses,” 1991).


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13. Monograph with issue number and serial (or whole) number.

Harris, P. L., & Kavanaugh, R. D. (1993). Young

children’s understanding of pretense.

Monographs of the Society for Research in

Child Development, 58(1, Serial No. 231).

˙volume number 58


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14. Monograph bound separately as a supplement to a journal number.

Battig, W. F., & Montague, W. E. (1969). Category

norms for verbal items in 56 categories: A

replication and extension of the Connecticut

category norms. Journal of Experimental

Psychology Monographs, 80(3, Pt. 2).

˙supplement or part number in parentheses after the issue number (3, Pt. 2)


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15. number. Monograph bound into journal with continuous pagination

Ganster, D. C., Schaubroeck, J. Sime, W. E. &

Mayes, B. T. (1991). The nomological validity

of the Type A personality among employed

adults [Monograph]. Journal of Applied

Psychology, 76, 143-268.

˙description of form [Monograph].


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16. Abstract as original source number.

Woolf, N. J., Young, S. L., Fanselow, M. S. &

Butcher, L. L. (1991). MAP-2 expression in

cholinoceptive pyramidal cells of rodent

cortex and hippocampus is altered by

Pavlovian conditioning [Abstract]. Society for

Neuroscience Abstracts, 17, 480

˙description of form [Abstract]


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17. Abstract from a secondary source (print periodical) number.

Nakazato, K., Shimonaka, Y., & Homma, A. (1992).

Cognitive function of centenarians: The Tokyo

Metropolitan Centenarian Study. Japanese Journal

of Developmental Psychology, 3, 9-16.Abstract

obtained from PsycSCAN: Neuropsychology, 1993,

2 Abstract No. 604.

˙date of secondary is different from the date of the original publication, cite both date and separated by a slash

 Nakazato, Shimonaka, and Homma (1992/1993)


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18. Journal supplement number.

Regier, A. A., Narrow, W. E., & Rae, D. S. (1990).

The epidemiology of anxiety disorders: The

epidemiologic catchment area (ECA)

experience. Journal of Psychiatric Research,

24(Suppl. 2), 3-14.


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19. Periodical published annually number.

Fiske, S. T. (1993). Social cognition and social

perception.Annual Review of Psychology, 44,

155-194.


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20. number. Non-English journal article, title translated into English

Ising, M. (2000). Intensitätsabhängigkeit evozierter

Potenzial im EEG: Sind impulsive Personen

Augmenter oder Reducer?[Intensity dependence

in event-related EEG potentials: Are impulsive

individuals augmenters or reducers?]. Zeitschrift

für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie,

21, 208-217.


21 english translation of a journal article journal paginated by issue l.jpg
21. English translation of a journal article, journal paginated by issue

Stutte, H. (1972). Transcultural child psychiatry.

Acta Paedopsychiatrica, 38(9), 229-231.


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22. Citation of a work discussed in a secondary source paginated by issue

Text citation:

Seidenberg and McClelland’s study (as cited in

Coltheart, Curtis, Atkins, & Haller, 1993)

Reference list entry:

Coltheart, M., Curtis, B., Atkins, P., & Haller,

M. (1993). Models of reading aloud: Dual-route

and parallel-distributed-processing approaches.

Psychological Review, 100, 589-608.



Elements of a reference to a periodical l.jpg
Elements of a reference to a periodical paginated by issue

Beck, C. A. J., & Sales, B. D. (2001). Family mediation:

Fact, myths, and future prospects. Washington, DC:

American Psychological Association.

Book authors:Beck, C. A. J., & Sales, B. D.

Date of publication:(2001).

Book title:Family mediation: Fact, myths, and future

prospects.

Publication information:Washington, DC:

American Psychological Association.


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Examples of a reference to a periodical paginated by issue

23. Book, third edition, Jr. in name

Mitchell, T. R., & Larson, J. R.,Jr.(1987). People

in organizations: An introduction to

organizational behavior(3rd ed.). New York:

McGraw-Hill.


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24. Book, group author (government agency) as publisher paginated by issue

Australian Bureau of Statistics.(1991). Estimated

resident population by age and sex in statistical

local areas, New South Wales, June 1990 (No.

3209.1). Canberra, Australian Capital Territory:

Author.


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25. Edited book paginated by issue

Gibbs, J. T., & Huand, L. N.(Eds.).(1991).

Children of color: Psychological interventions

with minority youth. San Francisco: Jossey-

Bass.


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26. Book, no author or editor paginated by issue

Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary(10th ed.).

(1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam- Webster.

˙use a short title in place an author name in citation (Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary,1993).


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27. Book, revised edition paginated by issue

Rosenthal, R. (1987). Meta-analytic procedures for

social research(Rev. ed.). Newburry Park, CA:

Sage.


28 several volumes in a multivolume edited work publication over period of more than 1 year l.jpg
28. paginated by issueSeveral volumes in a multivolume edited work, publication over period of more than 1 year

Koch, S. (Ed.).(1959-1963).Psychology: A study of

science(Vols. 1-6). New York: McGraw-Hill.

˙in text, use the parenthetical citation

 (Koch, 1959-1963).


29 diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders l.jpg
29. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders paginated by issue

American Psychiatric Association. (1994).

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental

disorders(4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

DSM–III (1980) third edition

DSM–III–R (1987) third edition, revised

DSM–IV (1994) fourth edition

DSM–IV–TR (2000) text revision


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30. Encyclopedia or dictionary paginated by issue

Sadie, S. (Ed.). (1980). The new Grove dictionary of

music and musicians (6th ed., Vols. 1-20).

London: Macmillan.


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31. Non-English book paginated by issue

Piaget, J., & Inhelder, B. (1951). La genèse de l’

idée de hasard chez l’enfant[The origin of the

idea of chance in the child]. Paris: Presses

Universitaires de France.


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32. English translation of a book paginated by issue

Laplace, p.-S. (1951). A Philosophical essay on

probabilities (F. W. Truscott & F. L. Emory,

Trans.). New York: Dover. (Original work

published 1814)

˙cite the original publication date and the date of the translation (Laplace, 1814/ 1951)


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33. Brochure, corporate author paginated by issue

Research and Training Center on Independent

Living. (1993). Guidelines for reporting and

writing about people with disabilities (4th ed.)

[Brochure]. Lawrence, KS: Author.


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Elements of a reference to an article or chapter in an edited book

Massaro, D. (1992). Broadening the domain of the

fuzzy logical model of perception. In H. L. Pick Jr.,

P. van den Broek, & D. C. Knill (Eds.), Cognition:

Conceptual and methodological issues (pp. 51-84).

Washington, DC: American Psychological

Association.


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Examples of a reference to articles or chapters in edited books

34. Article or chapter in and edited book, two editors

Bjork, R. A. (1989). Retrieval inhibition as an

adaptive mechanism in human memory. In H. L.

Roediger III & F. I. M. Craik (Eds.), Varieties

of memory & consciousness (pp. 309-330).

Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.


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35. Article or chapter in an edited book in press, separately titled volume in a multivolume work (two-part title)

Auerbach, J. S.(in press). The origins of narcissism

and narcissistic personality disorder: A

theoretical and empirical reformulation.InJ. M.

Masling & R. F. Bornstein (Eds.), Empirical

studies of psychoanalytic theories: Vol. 4.

Psychoanalytic perspectives in

psychopathology. Washington, DC: American

Psychological Association.

˙Text, use the parenthetical citation (Auerbach, in press)


36 chapter in a volume in a series l.jpg
36. Chapter in a volume in a series separately titled volume in a multivolume work (two-part title)

Maccoby, E. E., & Martin, J. (1983). Socialization in

the context of the family: Parent-child

interaction. In P. H. Mussen(Series Ed.)& E. M.

Hetherington(Vol. Ed.),Handbook of child

psychology: Vol. 4. Socialization, Personality,

and social development (4th ed., pp. 1-101).

New York: Wiley.


37 non english article or chapter in an edited book title translated into english l.jpg
37. Non-English article or chapter in an edited book, title translated into English

Davydiv, V. V. (1972). De introductie van het

begrip grootheid in de eerste klas van de

basisschool: Een experimenteel onderzoek

[The introduction of the concept of quantity in

the first grade of the primary school: An

experimental study].In C. F. Van Parreren & J.

A. M. Carpay (Eds.), Sovjetpsychologen aan

het woord (pp. 227-289). Groningen, The

Netherlands: Wolters-Noordhoff.


38 entry in an encyclopedia l.jpg
38. Entry in an encyclopedia translated into English

Bergmann, P. G.(1993). Relativity. In The new

encyclopedia Britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508).

Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.


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39. English translation of an article or chapter in an edited book, volume in a multivolume work, republished work

Freud, S. (1961). The ego and the id. In J. Strachey

(Ed. &Trans.), The Standard edition of the

complete psychological works of Sigmund

Freud(Vol. 19, pp. 3-66). London: Hogarth

Press. (Original work published 1923)

˙in text, use the parenthetical citation

 (Freud, 1923/1961)


40 english translation of an article or chapter in an edited book reprint from another source l.jpg
40. English translation of an article or chapter in an edited book, reprint from another source

Piaget, J. (1988). Extracts from Piaget’s theory (G.

Gellerier & J. Langer, Trans.). In K. Richardson

& S. Sheldon (Eds.), Cognitive development to

adolescence: A reader (pp. 3-18). Hillsdale, NJ:

Erlbaum. (Reprinted from Manual of child

psychology, pp. 703-732, by P.H. Mussen, Ed.,

1970, New York: Wiley)

˙In text, use the parenthetical citation

 (Piaget, 1970/1988)


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C. Technical and Research Reports edited book, reprint from another source


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Elements of a reference to a report edited book, reprint from another source

Mazzeo, J., Druesne, B., Raffeld, P. C., Checketts. K.T.,

& Muhlstein, A. (1991). Comparability of

computer and paper-and-pencil scores for two

CLEP general examinations (College Board Rep.

No. 91-5). Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing

Service.


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45. Government report not available from GPO or a document deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collection

Mattews, K. A, (1985). Assessment of Type A

behavior, anger, and hostility in epidemiologic

studies of cardiovascular disease. In A. M.

Ostfield &E. D. Eaker (Eds.), Measuring

psychological variables in epidemiologic

studies of cardiovascular disease(NIH

Publication No. 85-2270, pp. 153-183).

Washington , DC: U.S. Department of Health

and Human Services.


46 report from a university l.jpg
46. Report from a university deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collection

Broadhurst, R. G., & R.A. (1991). Sex offending

and Recidivism (Tech. Rep. No. 3). Nedlands

Western Australia:University of Western

Australia, Crime Research Centre.


47 report from a university edited report monograph l.jpg
47. Report from a university, edited report, monograph deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collection

Shuker, R., Openshaw, R., & Soler, J.(Eds.).(1990).

Youth, media, and moral panic in New Zealand

From hooligans to video nasties (Delta

ReasearchMonographNo. 11).Palmerston

North, New Zealand: Massey University,

Department of Education.


48 report from a private organization l.jpg
48. Report from a private organization deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collection

Employee Benefit Research Institute. (1992,

February). Sources of health insurance and

characteristics of the uninsured(Issue Brief

No. 123). Washington, DC: Author.


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D. deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionProceedings of Meetings and Symposia

Example 49: Published proceedings, published contribution to a symposium, article or chapter in an edited book

Deci, E. L., &Ryan, R. M. (1991). A motivational

approach to self: Integration in personality.

In R. Dienstbier (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium

on Motivation: Vol. 38. Perspectives on

motivation (pp.237- 288). Lincoln: University

of Nebraska Press.

* Proper noun

 capitalized the name of the symposium.


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Example 50: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionProceeding published regularly

Cynx, J., Williams, H., & Nottebohm, F.

(1992). Hemispheric differences in

avian songdiscrimination〔Abstract〕.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 89, 1372-1375

*If only an abstract of the article appears

in the proceedings  insert 〔Abstract〕after

the article title, before the period.


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Example 51: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionUnpublished contribution to a symposium

Lichstein, K. L., Johnson, R. S., Womack, T. D., Dean,

J.E., & Childers, C.K. (1990, June) Relaxation therapy for poly - pharmacy use in elderly insomniacs and noninsomniacs. In T. L.

Rosenthal (Chair), Reducing medication in

geriatric populations. Symposium conducted at

the meeting of the First International Congress

of Behavioral Medicine, Uppsala, Sweden.

* Give the month of the symposium.


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Example 52: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionUnpublished paper presented at a meeting

Lanktree, C., & Briere, J. (1991, January).

Early data on the Trauma symptom

Checklist for Children (TSC-C). Paper presented at the meeting of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children, San Diego, CA.


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Example 53: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionPoster session

Ruby, J., & Fulton, C. (1993, June). Beyond reading: Editing software that works. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Scholarly Publishing, Washington, DC.

* Give the month of the meeting.


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E. deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionDoctoral Dissertations and Master’s Theses

Example 54: Doctoral dissertation abstracted inDissertation Abstracts International (DAI) and obtained from UMI

Bower, D. L. (1993). Employee assistant

programs supervisory referrals:

Characteristics of referring and

nonreferring supervisors. Dissertation

Abstracts International, 54 (01), 534B.

(UMI No. 9315947)


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Example 55: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionDoctoral dissertation abstracted in DAI and obtained from the university

Ross, D. F. (1990). Unconscious transference

and mistaken identity: When a witness

misidentifies a familiar but innocent

person from a lineup (Doctoral dissertation,Cornell University, 1990)

Dissertation abstracts International, 51,

417.


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Example 56: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionUnpublished doctoral dissertation

Wilfley, D.E. (1989). International analyses of bulimia: Normal-weight and obese.

Unpublished doctoral dissertation,

University of Missouri, Columbia.

* If a dissertation does not appear in

DAI  use this format.


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Example 57: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionUnpublished master’s thesis, university outside the United Stated

Almeida, D. M. (1990). Fathers’ participation in family work: Consequences for fathers’ stress and father – child relations. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

* Give the name of the city which doesn’t

included in the name of the university.


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F. deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionUnpublished Work and Publications of Limited circulation

Example 58: Unpublished manuscript not submitted for publication

Stinson, C., Milbrath, C., Reidbord, S., & Bucci, W. (1992).Thematic segmentation of psychotherapy transcripts for convergent analyses. Unpublished manuscript.


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Example 59: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionUnpublished manuscript with a university cited

Dépret, E. F., & Fiske, S. T. (1993). Perceiving

the powerful: Intriguing individuals versus threatening groups. Unpublished

manuscript, University of Massachusetts

at Amherst.

* If the university is located outside the US

 identified the country.


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Example 60: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionManuscript in progress or submitted for publication but not yet accepted

McIntosh, D. N. (1993). Religion as schema,

with implications for the relation between religion and coping. Manuscript submitted for publication.

* Manuscript  submitted  don’t give the name of the journal or publisher.

* A manuscript accepted for publication but

not yet published  in – press reference.

* Manuscript in preparation for last sentence.

* Use the year of the draft you read.


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Example 61: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionUnpublished raw data from study, untitled work

Bordi, F., & LeDoux, J. E. (1993).〔Auditory

response latencies in rat auditory cortex〕.Unpublished raw data.

* Use brackets to indicate the material

is a description of content, not a title.


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Example 62: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionPublication of limited circulation

Klombers, N. (Ed.). (1993, Spring). ADAA

Reporter. (Available from the Anxiety

Disorders Association of America, 6000

Executive Boulevard, Suite 513, Rockville

, MD 20852)

* Give a name and address from the

publication can be obtain in parentheses

immediately after the title.

* Give a mailing address if a publication can

obtain via the Web.


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G. deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionReviews

Elements of a reference to a review

Mroczek, D. K. (2000). The emerging study of midlife 〔Review of the book Life in the middle: Psychological and social development in middle age〕. ContemporaryPsychology: APA Review of Books, 45, 482-485.


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Review author deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collection: Mroczek, D.K.

Date of publication: (2000)

Review title: The emerging study of midlife

Medium being reviewed: Review of the book

Work being reviewed: Life in the middle: Psychological and social development in

middle age.

Periodical title and publication information: Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of

Books, 45, 482-485.


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Example 63: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionReview of a book

Schatz, B. R. (2000). Learning by text or

context? 〔Review of the bookThe social

life of information〕. Science, 290, 1304.

* Untitled  use the material in brackets

as title.

* Identify the type of medium being reviewed

in brackets (book, motion picture, television

program, etc.).


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Example 64: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionReview of a motion picture

Kraus, S. J. (1992). Visions of psychology: A

video of classic studies 〔Review of the

motion pictureDiscovering Psychology〕.

Contemporary Psychology, 37, 1146-1147.

*Identify the type of medium being reviewed in brackets (book, motion

picture, television program, etc.).


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http:// deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionwww.apa.org/

↓ ↓

ProtocolHost name

monitor/oct00/ workplace.html

↓ ↓

Path to document File name of

Specific document


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* deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionProtocol:

indicate what method a Web browser should use to exchange data with the file server

1. hypertext transfer protocol (http)

ex: http://tw.yahoo.com/

2. hypertext transfer protocol secure (https)

ex: https://login.yahoo.com/

3. file transfer protocol (ftp)

ex: ftp://wuarchive.wustl.edu/mirrors

* All of the protocol

 followed by a colon and two forward slashes


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  • * deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionHost name:

  • Identified the server on which the files reside

  • An address for an organization’s home

    page

    ex: http://www.google.com.tw/ (Google)

  • Not all host names start with “www”

    ex: http://tw.yahoo.com/ (Yahoo)

  • Host name always type in lowercase letters

     not case sensitive


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  • * deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionPath to document & File name of specific document:

  • Identified the directory path leading to the

  • Desired document

  • Faithfully reproduce uppercase and

    lowercase letters and all punctuation

     case sensitive

  • In order not to make URL wrong in paper

     just copy it and paste it

  • If you need to break a URL

     don’t insert hyphen, break the URL

    after a slash or before period


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  • Example: http://etds.ncl.edu.tw/theabs/site deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collection/

  • browse_subject.jsp (NCL)

  • Example: http://etds.ncl.edu

  • .tw/theabs/site/browse_subject.jsp

  • Test the URLs regularly

     be sure that URL is available


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Example 71: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionInternet articles based on a print

source

VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., &Doe, J. (2001).

Role of reference elements in the

selection of resources by psychology

undergraduates 〔Electronic version〕.

Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5,

117-123.

* Viewed article only in electronic form

 add in brackets after the article


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VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., &Doe, J. (2001). deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collection

Role of reference elements in the

selection of resources by psychology

undergraduates. Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5, 117-123.

Retrieved October 13, 2001, from

http://jbr.org/articles.html

*Articles changed or additional data

and commentaries included

 add the date you retrieved the

document and the URL


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Example 72: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionArticle in an Internet - only journal

Fredrickson, B. L. (2000,March 7). Cultivating

positive emotions to optimize health and

well-being. Prevention & Treatment, 3,

Article 0001a. Retrieved November 20,

2000, from http://journals.apa.org/

prevention/volume3/pre0030001a.html


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Example 73: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionArticle in an Internet - only journal, retrieved via file transfer protocol (ftp)

Crow, T. J. (2000). Did homo sapiens speciate

on the y chromosome? Psycholoquy,11.

Retrieved from http://ftp.princeton.edu/

harnad/Psycoloquy/2000.volume.11/psyc

.00.11.001.language-sex-chromosomes.

1.crow

* Do not need to add the date


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example 74: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionArticle in an Internet – only newsletter

Glueckauf, R. L., Whitton, J., Baxter, J., Kain,

J., Vogelgesang, S.,Hudson., et al. (1998,

July). Videocounseling for familiy of rural

teens with epilepsy – Project update.

Telehealth News, 2(2). Retrieved from

http://www.telehealth.net/subscribe/

newsletter_4a.html#1

* No page number

* The URL should directly link to the article


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Nonperiodical documents on the Internet deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collection

Example 75: Multipage document created by

Private organization, no date

Greater New Milford (Ct) Area Health

Community 2000, Task Force on Teen

and Adolescent Issues. (n.d.). Who has

time for a family meal? You do! Retrieved

October 5, 2000, from http://www

.familymealtime.org

* Different sections have different URLs

 provide the home (entry) page

* n.d. = no date available


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Example 76: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionChapter or section in an Internet document

Benton Foundation. (1998, July 7). Barriers to

closing the gap. In Losing ground bit by

bit: Low-income communities in the

information age (Chap. 2). Retrieved from

http://www.benton.org/Library/

Low-income/two.html

* Use chapter number or section identified

instead of the place of page number


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Example 77: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionStand-alone document, no author identified, no date

GVU’s 8th WWW user survey. (n.d.). Retrieved

August 8, 2000, from http://www.cc

.gatech.edu/gvu/user_survey-1997-10/

* No author identified

 use the title of the document as the

beginning in the reference


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Example 78: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionDocument available on university program or department Web site

Chou, l., McClintock, R., Moretti, F., & Nix D.H.

(1993). Technology and education: New

wine in new bottles: Choosing pasts and

imagining educational futures. Retrieved

August 24, 2000, from Columbia University ,Institute for Learning Technologies Web site: http://www.ilt.columbia.edu/

publications/papers/newwine1.html

* Identified the host organization before

giving the URL for the document


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Technical and research reports deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collection

Example 79: Report from a university, available

on private organization Web site

University of California, San Francisco,

Institute for Health and Aging. (1996,

November). Chronic care in America: A

21st century challenge. Retrieved

September 9, 2000, from the Robert Wood

Johnson Foundation Web site: http://www

.rwjf.org/library/chrcare/

* The author is different from the provider

 clearly identified in the retrieval statement


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Example 80: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionU.S. government report available on government agency Web site, no publication date indicate

United States Sentencing Commission. (n.d.).

1997 sourcebook of federal sentencing

statistics. Retrieves December 8,1999,

from http://www.ussc.gov/annrpt/1997/

sbtoc97.htm


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Example 81: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionReport from a private organization, available on organization Web site

Canarie, Inc. (1997, September 27). Towards a

Canadian health IWAY: Vision,

opportunities and future steps. Retrieved

November 8, 2000, from http://www

.canarie.ca/press/publications/pdf/

health/healthvision.doc


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Example 82: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionAbstract of a technical report retrieved from university Web site

Kruschke, J. K., & Bradley, A. L. (1995).

Extensions to the delta rule of

associative learning (Indiana University

Cognitive Science Research Report

No. 14). Abstract retrieved October 21,

2000, from http://www.indiana.edu/

~kruschke/deltarule_abstract.html

* The document is abstract

 use Abstract retrieved as beginning of

the retrieved statement


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Proceeding of meetings and symposia deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collection

Example 83: Paper presented at a symposium, abstract retrieved from university Web site

Culter, L. D., Frölich, B., & Hanrahan, P. (1997

,January 16). Two-handed direct

manipulation on the responsive

workbench. Paper presents at the1997

Symposium on Interactive 3D Graphics.

Abstract retrieved June 12, 2000, from

http://www.graphics.stanford.edu/papers/

twohanded


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Example 84: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionPaper presented at a virtual conference

Tan, G., & Lewandowsky, S. (1996). A

comparison of operator trust in humans

versus machines. Paper presented at the

CybErg 96 virtual conference. Retrieved

May 16, 2000, from http://www.curtin

.edu.au/conference/cyberg/centre/

outline.cgi/frame?dir=tan

* No geographic location for virtual

conference


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  • Newsgroups deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collection: Usually assessed via e-mail

  • program or news readers

  • Online forum and discussion groups: Use

  • e-mails to pass messages, most ,but not all,

  • are operate as Electronic mailing lists.

  • Any messages should have scholar value

    and should be retrievable

  • No archives maintain  can’t included


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Example 85: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionMessage posted to a newsgroup

Chalmers, D. (2000, November 17). Seeing

with sound 〔Msg 1〕. Message posted to

news://sci.psychology.consciousness

* Author’s full name = Last name + initials

* Follow the date with the subject line of the

message and don’t italicize it

* Use Message posted to before the address

of the newsgroup.


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Example 86: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionMessage posted to online forum or discussion group

Simons, D. J. (2000, July 14). New resources

for visual cognition 〔Msg 31〕. Message

posted to http://groups.yahoo.com/

group/visualcognition/message/31


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Example 87: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionMessage posted to an electronic mailing list

Hammond, T. (2000, November 20). YAHC:

Handle Parameters, DOI Genres, etc.

Message posted to Ref-Links electronic

mailing list, archived at http://www.doi

.org/mail-arichive/ref-link/msg00088

.html

* Provide the name of the mailing list

* Provide the address for the archived

version of the message


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Example 88: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionElectronic copy of a journal article, three to five authors, retrieved from databases

Borman, W.C., Hanson, M.A., Oppler, S.H.,

Pulakos,E.D., & White, L.A. (1993). Role of

early supervisory experience in supervisor

performance. Journal of Applied

Psychology, 78, 443-449. Retrieved

October 23, 2000, from PsycARTICLES

database.


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Example 89: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionDaily newspaper article, electronic version available by search

Hilts, P. J. (1999, February 16). In forecasting

their emotions, most people flunk out.

New York Times. Retrieved November 21,

2000, from http://www.nytimes.com


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Example 90: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionElectronic copy of an abstract obtained from a secondary database

Fournier, M., de Ridder, D., & Bensing, J. (1999)

Optimism and adaptation to multiple

sclerosis: What does optimism mean?

Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 22, 303- 326. Abstractretrieved October 23, 2000,

from PsycINFO database


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Example 91: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionElectronic version of U.S. government report available by search from GPO Access database (on the Web)

U.S. General Accounting Office. (1997, February).

Telemedicine: Federal strategy is needed to

guide investments (Publication No.

GAO/NSAID/HEHS-91-67). Retrieved

September 15, 2000, from General

Accounting Office Reports Online via GPO

Access: http://www.access.gpo.gov/

su_docs/aces/aces160.shtml?gao/index.html


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Example 92: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionComputer software

Miller, M. E. (1993). The Interactive Tester

(Version 4.0) 〔Computer software〕.

Westminster, CA: Psytek Services.


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Example 93: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionComputer software and manual available on university Web site

Schwarzer, R. (1989). Statistics software for

meta-analysis 〔Computer software and

manual〕. Retrieved from http://www

.yorku.ca/faculty/academic/schwarze/

meta_e.htm

* Don’t italicize names of software, programs,

or language

* Have proprietary rights of software

 use his/her name as the author


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* deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collection Don’t use a period between the title and

the bracketed material

* Manual

 identified the source as a computer

program or software manual


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Raw data deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collection

Example 94: Data file, available from

Government agency

National health Interview Survey – Current

health topics: 1991 – Longitudinal study

of aging (Version 4) 〔Data file〕.

Hyattsville, MD: National Center for

Health Statistics.

* Brackets at the end of the title

 give description of the material


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Example 95: deposit service, article or chapter in an edited collectionData file, available from NTIS Web site

Department of Health and Human Services,

National Venter for Health Statistics. (1991).

National Health Provider Inventory: Home

health agencies and hospices, 1991 〔Data

file〕. Available from national Technical

Information Service Web site, http://www

.ntis.gov

* Use Available from

 the URL leads to information on how to

obtain the cited material, not material itself


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