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Career Assessment Part I. Assessment. History 1883 U.S. Civil Service Commission 1940’s aptitude batteries Psychometric Properties Reliability Types Test retest reliability Alternate forms reliability Split half reliability. Assessment.

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Assessment l.jpg
Assessment

  • History

    • 1883 U.S. Civil Service Commission

    • 1940’s aptitude batteries

  • Psychometric Properties

    • Reliability

      • Types

        • Test retest reliability

        • Alternate forms reliability

        • Split half reliability


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Assessment

  • Peterson, Sampson, and Reardon (1991): Factors that impact stability (reliability)

    • The stability of the trait being measured

    • Group differences: race, ethnicity, gender etc.

    • Individual differences: genetic endowments, age etc.

    • The nature of performance for the variable being measured

    • The internal consistence of the test, how psychometrically sound is the test?

  • What is the problem with using a test that does not have proven reliability?


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Assessment

  • Psychometric Properties

    • Validity

      • Types

        • Content validity

        • Criterion validity

      • What is the problem with using a test that does not have proven validity

  • Assessment with minority groups

    • APPLICABILITY!

    • CHECK THE NORM SAMPLE


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Types of Assessment

  • Career Beliefs Inventories

    • Assess beliefs about careers and other factors

      • Career Beliefs Inventory

      • Career Thoughts Inventory

      • My Vocational Situation

  • Aptitude Tests

    • Assess potential and/or current ability

      • General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB)

      • The Differential Aptitude Test (GAT)

      • Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB)


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Types of Assessments

  • Academic Achievement

    • Assess present level of academic knowledge and ability

      • See page 218

  • Career Interest Inventories

    • Measures level of interest in occupations

      • The Strong Interest Inventory and the Kuder General Interest Survey are the most widely used interest inventories


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Interest Inventories

  • Kuder General Interest Survey

    • 1. Outdoor

    • 2. Mechanical

    • 3. Computational

    • 4. Scientific

    • 5. Persuasive

    • 6. Artistic

    • 7. Literary

    • 8. Musical

    • 9. Social Services

    • 10. Clerical


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Interest Inventories

  • Strong Interest Inventory

    • 1. General Occupational themes

    • 2. Basic Interest Scales

    • 3. Occupational Scales


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Assessment

  • Personality Variables

    • Determining fit with personality type and work environment is important

    • 16PF most widely used personality assessment in career counseling

      • Developed by Raymond Cattell

      • Currently in the 5th edition

      • 185 item test

      • 5th grade readability level

      • Can be hand or computer scored


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16 Personality Factor Questionnaire

  • Psychometrics

    • Test retest reliability .56 to .79

    • Internal consistency .64 to. 85

  • Interpretive Information

    • 16 primary factor scales

    • 5 global factor scales

    • 3 validity indices


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16 Personality Factor Questionnaire

  • Global Factors

    • Extraversion

    • Anxiety

    • Tough-Mindedness

    • Independence

    • Self-Control


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16 Personality Factor Questionnaire

  • Primary Scales

    • Warmth Vigilance

    • Reasoning Abstractedness

    • Emotional Stability Privateness

    • Dominance Apprehension

    • Liveliness Openness to Change

    • Rule-Consciousness Self-Reliance

    • Social Boldness Perfectionism

    • Sensitivity Tension


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Assessment

  • Determining Values

    • Work values

    • Lifestyle values

  • Career Maturity Variables

    • Measures vocational development

  • Computer assisted guidance assessment

    • Pros

    • Cons