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Behavioural treatments. Fun times…. Produce a pamphlet…. You are a newly qualified behavioural therapist and have just been trained to offer the 3 following types of therapies to clients with OCD or phobias: Systematic desensitisation Virtual reality exposure therapy Flooding

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produce a pamphlet
Produce a pamphlet…
  • You are a newly qualified behavioural therapist and have just been trained to offer the 3 following types of therapies to clients with OCD or phobias:
    • Systematic desensitisation
    • Virtual reality exposure therapy
    • Flooding
  • Explain what each is – i.e. what anxiety disorder they target
  • Explain the 3 step process they will encounter
  • Explain how long the sessions will take
  • Explain How it works in their benefit
  • Explain other anxiety disorders it may work for
systematic desensitisation
Systematic desensitisation

A behavioural therapy used to treat

anxiety disorders by pairing the once feared stimuli with relaxation

draw a 5 boxed storyboard
Draw a 5 boxed storyboard
  • Wolpe (1958)
  • Competing emotions
  • Replace fear with relaxation
  • 3 STEPS (5 PICTURES!)
  • Draw a storyboard displaying how someone would cope with a phobia of your choice….
  • Also – what does in vivo mean?
  • However why can SD sometimes be ineffective as a treatment of OCD?
virtual reality exposure therapy
Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy
  • Based on S.D. but this time in the virtual world
  • Think treatment for aeroplane phobias
  • This time however the 3 steps are a little different from SD so look at how…
flooding
Flooding
  • Overwhelm the individual with the fear provoking stimuli until they realise no harm will come to them
  • Now list the three steps involved in flooding
  • Also describe implosion therapy and exposure and response therapy
slide7
Outline a biological treatment for phobias? (3 marks)
  • Outline a biological treatment for OCD? (3 marks)
  • Outline a behavioural treatment for phobias? (3 marks)
  • Outline a behavioural treatment for OCD? (3 marks)
  • Give one strength and one limitation of drugs as a treatment for anxiety disorders. (4 marks)
  • Give one strength and one limitation of systematic desensitisation for the treatment of anxiety disorders. (4 marks)
  • Give one strength and one limitation of Virtual reality exposure therapy for the treatment of anxiety disorders. (4 marks)
  • Give one strength and one limitation of Virtual reality exposure therapy for the treatment of anxiety disorders. (4 marks)
  • Give one strength and one limitation for in vivo exposure therapy compared to in vitro exposure therapy. (4 marks)
  • What therapy works best for Phobias and why (3 marks)
  • What therapy works best for OCD and why? (3 marks)
cognitive treatments
Cognitive Treatments.
  • What is the main aim of cognitive therapy for the treatment of phobias?
  • What do cognitive therapists teach their clients to do to cope with the phobias?
  • Give one example of how patients would be taught how to change their distorted thoughts.
  • What is probably the worst distorted thought someone with a fear of germs could have?
  • What counterstatement could you give that person to challenge the distorted thinking?
  • Now apply the two above questions to the following phobias/Obsessive thoughts:
    • Agoraphobia
    • Social phobia
    • Windmills
  • What are cognitive treatments also sometimes used in conjunction with?
  • What is this type of therapy called?
  • Graziano and Mooney (1980) produced a study that illustrates clearly the treatment of a phobia using CBT. Draw a story board using only 6 boxes to outline this study
  • Give one advantage of Cognitive therapy for the treatment of anxiety disorders.
  • What did Marks (1987) find when he reviewed treatments for phobias and OCD?
  • It is not clear what element of therapy is the most effective at treating anxiety disorders. Discuss….