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AUTHOR’S CRAFT. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE. Metaphor. A metaphor is a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that have something in common. The comparison is made without using like or as. Joe is a nut .

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author s craft

AUTHOR’S CRAFT

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE

metaphor
Metaphor
  • A metaphor is a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that have something in common. The comparison is made without using like or as.
  • Joe is a nut.
  • His stomach tightened into a series of rolling knots and his breath came in bursts…
  • The boy was a rigid post.
personification
Personification
  • Personification is when an author gives an idea, object, or animal qualities or traits of a person.
  • The paddlepounded the ball.
  • The plane went into a glide, a very fast glide that ate altitude, and suddenly there weren’t any lakes.
  • Be asleep, his mindscreamed at the pilot.
simile
Simile
  • A simile is a comparison between two unlike things that have something in common. A simile always uses like or as to make a comparison.
  • Bob swam like a fish.
  • He wiped his mouth and tried to move his leg, which had stiffenedlikewood.
  • Then back to work, the sun on his back, until at last he had a ball of fluff as big as a grapefruit.
alliteration
Alliteration
  • Alliteration is the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words.
  • The flying feathers flutter freely.
  • Shining black and silky the seven foot bear stood on its hind legs, half up, and studied Brian.
  • He closed his eyes and slept, dreamless, deep and down.
onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia
  • Onomatopoeia is the imitation of natural sounds in word form. These words help us form mental pictures about the things, people or places that are described.
  • Bang! The rifle echoed in the air.
  • Then the bird started again, and some kind of buzzing insect, and then a chattering and a cawing.
  • “Don’t know, kid…” The pilot’s words were a hiss, barely audible.
hyperbole
Hyperbole
  • Hyperbole is a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect. It may be confused with a simile because it often compares two items. The difference is that with a hyperbole the comparison is an exaggeration.
  • I nearly died laughing.
  • But the hatchet missed, his leg was instantly torn with pain, as if a hundred needles had been driven into it.
  • His eyes were as round as saucers.
repetition
Repetition
  • Repetition is when one or more words are repeated to show urgency or importance.
  • Hello, hello, hello!
  • He was alone. In the roaring plane no pilot he was alone. Alone.
  • Divorce. A breaking word, an ugly breaking word. Divorce.
foreshadowing
Foreshadowing
  • Foreshadowing is when the author gives a hint as to what is coming.
oxymoron
Oxymoron
  • An oxymoron is a combination of two contradictory words.
  • Deafening silence
  • A definite possibility
  • Cold sweat