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AUTHOR’S CRAFT. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE. Metaphor. A metaphor is a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that have something in common. The comparison is made without using like or as. Joe is a nut .

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Author s craft l.jpg



Metaphor l.jpg

  • A metaphor is a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that have something in common. The comparison is made without using like or as.

  • Joe is a nut.

  • His stomach tightened into a series of rolling knots and his breath came in bursts…

  • The boy was a rigid post.

Personification l.jpg

  • Personification is when an author gives an idea, object, or animal qualities or traits of a person.

  • The paddlepounded the ball.

  • The plane went into a glide, a very fast glide that ate altitude, and suddenly there weren’t any lakes.

  • Be asleep, his mindscreamed at the pilot.

Simile l.jpg

  • A simile is a comparison between two unlike things that have something in common. A simile always uses like or as to make a comparison.

  • Bob swam like a fish.

  • He wiped his mouth and tried to move his leg, which had stiffenedlikewood.

  • Then back to work, the sun on his back, until at last he had a ball of fluff as big as a grapefruit.

Alliteration l.jpg

  • Alliteration is the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words.

  • The flying feathers flutter freely.

  • Shining black and silky the seven foot bear stood on its hind legs, half up, and studied Brian.

  • He closed his eyes and slept, dreamless, deep and down.

Onomatopoeia l.jpg

  • Onomatopoeia is the imitation of natural sounds in word form. These words help us form mental pictures about the things, people or places that are described.

  • Bang! The rifle echoed in the air.

  • Then the bird started again, and some kind of buzzing insect, and then a chattering and a cawing.

  • “Don’t know, kid…” The pilot’s words were a hiss, barely audible.

Hyperbole l.jpg

  • Hyperbole is a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect. It may be confused with a simile because it often compares two items. The difference is that with a hyperbole the comparison is an exaggeration.

  • I nearly died laughing.

  • But the hatchet missed, his leg was instantly torn with pain, as if a hundred needles had been driven into it.

  • His eyes were as round as saucers.

Repetition l.jpg

  • Repetition is when one or more words are repeated to show urgency or importance.

  • Hello, hello, hello!

  • He was alone. In the roaring plane no pilot he was alone. Alone.

  • Divorce. A breaking word, an ugly breaking word. Divorce.

Foreshadowing l.jpg

  • Foreshadowing is when the author gives a hint as to what is coming.

Oxymoron l.jpg

  • An oxymoron is a combination of two contradictory words.

  • Deafening silence

  • A definite possibility

  • Cold sweat