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 Starter activity.  Your task Think about a typical school day. Include breaks and travelling times as well as leisure time after school and the time you normally go to bed.  Do you think your day is the same as children elsewhere in the world?. 10.45- 11.05 am break. 7.00 am get up.

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slide1

Starter activity

 Your task

Think about a typical school day. Include breaks and travelling times as well as leisure time after school and the time you normally go to bed.

 Do you think your day is the same as children elsewhere in the world?

10.45- 11.05 am break

7.00 am get up

8.40 am start school

slide2
Compare your daily routine with that of a factory girl working in Lancashire 1820. How are they different?
was life really so bad for victorian children

Was life really so bad for Victorian children?

 LOs

TBAT explain why conditions were so bad for child factory workers

Identify 3 improvements in factory conditions

your task
 Your task

Watch the film clip ‘The Children who built Britain’ and answer the questions on the video clip task sheet.

Extension – List any advantages you can think of for children working in the mills?

slide5
“In the nineteenth century many young children worked in the fields. Other poor children laboured in textile factories or in the mines to help with the family income. Gradually new laws such as the Factory Act of 1833 changed all this. Today we would be shocked at the idea of children children as young as nine working for twelve hours a day in a mill or a mine or a field – it would be against the law!”
  • Minds & Machines, published 1999
your task1
 Your task

Read p.80-81 in Peace & War and note down what major changes occurred to the way children were treated in work places in these years:

1833

1842

1844

Note any changes in the treatment of women, too

1833 factory act
1833 Factory Act

No children under 9 allowed to work

Children aged between 9 & 13 limited to 9 hours & had to attend 2 hours’ school per day

1842 mines and collieries act
1842 Mines and Collieries Act
  • Banned all women and children under 10 from working underground.
1844 factory act
1844 Factory Act
  • Minimum age for working in factories reduced to 8 years old. 8 to 13 years old to work maximum of six and a half hours a day and have 3 hours’ schooling
  • Safety guards had to be fitted to all machines.
your task2
 Your task

It is 1833. The govt has just passed the Factory Act and is keen to fine or shut down any factories which appear to be treating their workers unfairly. Get into 6 groups. Five of the 6 will be factory managers, the remaining group will be inspectors. Factory managers must explain why their factories should not be closed down. However, they must answer the questions put to them honestly. They cannot lie! At the end of the task the inspectors will explain which is the best factory in terms of working conditions and which should be shut down or given a fine.

your task3
 Your task

It is 1831. The govt has decided to set up a commission to investigate working conditions of children. You belong to a pressure group headed by one of the leading campaigners for reform Lord Shaftesbury, and want to produce a short film highlighting the appalling conditions that children worked under in early Victorian factories & mills. Your film will hopefully influence politicians and businessmen into improving conditions. Use Photostory and your own images, music and commentary to create your film.

homework
 Homework
  • Create a factoid on Lord Shaftesbury. Have sections on:
    • his early life
    • his key achievements
    • famous memorials to his name
    • include labelled images
  • Produce a timeline of key factory reforms

Lord Shaftesbury

plenary
 Plenary

Examples of poor conditions in factories

Explain ‘mudlark’ & ‘workhouse’

Evidence of improving conditions?

 What sources of information can we use to find out about conditions in factories and which can we trust?