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JAVELIN By: Sampsa Lohiniva & Tommi Paananen SPO10S. ATHLETICS. Introduction. History Modern day javelin Key factors in javelin throwing Records Preparation phase Pre-competition phase Competition phase Different training types. 1. History.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

JAVELIN

By:

Sampsa Lohiniva

&

Tommi Paananen

SPO10S

ATHLETICS

introduction
Introduction
  • History
  • Modern day javelin
  • Key factors in javelin throwing
  • Records
  • Preparation phase
  • Pre-competition phase
  • Competition phase
  • Different training types

1

history

History

Introduced in 708 BC games composed in two games

Throwing at a target and throwing for distance

Target throwing was done by riding a horse

In distance they had same principles as today

Made of olive wood, weighted 400g and were 2,3 to 2,4 meters long

In 1780 the length changed from 2,3 to 2,6 meters and weighted 800g

Material was changed to hickory wood

Later on the javelin was made hollow

Material has changed from wood to metal

2

modern day javelin
Modern day javelin

150mm

150mm

Men: 2,6 to 2,7 meters long & 800g

Women: 2,2 to 2,3 meters long & 600g

  • Throwing technique is dictated by IAAF

3

key factors in javelin throwing
Key factors in javelin throwing
  • Right technique
    • Arm straight
    • Javelin tip pointing slightly up
    • Bring your elbow in front first
    • Keep the javelin close to your ear
    • Look forward
    • Rhythm
  • Core and upper body strength
  • Agility and athleticism like running and jumping
  • Explosive power

4

records
Records

Men

  • WR – 98,48 (1996) Jan Zelezny (CZE)
  • FR – 93,09 (1999) Aki Parviainen

Women

  • WR – 72,28 (2008) BarboraSpotakova (CZE)
  • FR – 64,90 (2003) Paula Huhtaniemi

5

different training types
Different training types
  • A four week plan (easy, medium, hard, recovery/testing)
  • Weight training: Getting stronger by overloading the muscles. More weight, reps or sets. In javelin focus on the power as it needs to be explosive strength. Medium amount of reps (6-10) and heavy weights 70-80% of max.
  • Core stability: Different static and dynamic abs exercises. Medicine ball exercises with the core muscles.
  • Medicine ball workout: Twists, curls, pushes, extensions, arm throws, leg kicks.
  • Complex training: Increases the rate of force for the type 2b muscle fibers. Squats followed by squat jumps and bench press followed by plyometric press up. This gets the central nervous system into full action and more fibers are being used.
    • General phase (more reps, less recovery, more movements)
    • Pre-comp (a half of everything, double recovery time)
    • Comp (2x4+2x6, 5 minute rest between)

9

weight and technique training
Weight and techniquetraining
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WdTREvANpjg&feature=fvwrel
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sh0MJbqj6kA&feature=related
  • Here is a couple of videos concerning a javelin throwers training. It includes some weight training and also some technique training.

10

references
References
  • MACKENZIE, B. (2005) Javelin Training Program [WWW] Available from: http://www.brianmac.co.uk/javelin/javplan.htm
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Javelin_throw

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