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Energy Infrastructure in Latin America the View of the IDB May 6, 2011 Miami, Florida. Sustainable Energy for all. Investment in Infrastructure in LAC. Total. Public. Private. Source: Calderon y Servén (2010).

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energy infrastructure in latin america the view of the idb may 6 2011 miami florida

Energy Infrastructure in Latin America the View of the IDBMay 6, 2011 Miami, Florida

Sustainable Energy for all

investment in infrastructure in lac
Investment in Infrastructure in LAC

Total

Public

Private

Source: Calderon y Servén (2010).

Note: Investment in infrastructure includes: telecommunications, electricity, transport (roads and railroads), and water and sanitation. This graph includes the average of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, México y Peru.

2

latin america investments needs in infrastructure
Latin-America Investments Needs in Infrastructure
  • Latin-America is Investing in Infrastructure Below the Required Demand
    • The LAC Region invest 1.9% of GDP in Infrastructure (US$43.9 billion), the average investment in the developing world is 5% of the GDP.
    • Investment Requirements:
      • 1.0% of the GDP to maintain the existing Infrastructure
      • 1.6% of GDP for new investments related to demand (totaling a 2.6% of the GDP or US$81.2 billion).
    • Example - if LAC were to achieve universal electricity coverage - needs to invest an additional to the above 0.05 % of the GDP per-year.

3

energy sector is capital intensive sector
Energy Sector is Capital Intensive Sector

Accumulated Investment on Energy Infrastructure per Region

2010-2035

OECD Pacific Basin

Electricity

World Energy Outlook (2010) estimates that LAC needs approximately US$2.8 Trillion between 2010 and 2035

Oil

Others East Europe / Eurasia

Russia

Gas

Middle East

Carbon

Asia Others

Biofuels

India

Africa

Latin America

OECD Europe

China

OECD North America

US$ trillons, 2009

Source: World Energy Outlook (2010).

4

latin america investment needs in the energy sector
Latin America Investment Needs in the Energy Sector
  • The projected annual energy demand growth is 4.8%.
  • LAC would have to invest approximately US$28 billion per year (2009 – 2026) in the electricity sector alone:
    • Generation US$15 billion (100,000-MW)
    • Transmission from US$4,5 billion
    • Distribution US$8,5 billion
  • Would also have invest between US$80 to US$90 billion in the Oil & Gas sector
    • Conventional production US$68 billion
    • Unconventional production US$9 billion
    • Refining US$5 billion
    • Transport US$4 billion

5

latin america is the cleanest region in the world in power generation
Latin-America is the cleanest region in the world in Power Generation

Hydro power generation per Region

LAC has the 20.5% of the world hydro power generation, while generating just the 3.6% of CO2 emissions.

Key World Energy Statistics, 2010. Data 2008.

Ex Soviet Union

Middle East

Europe non OECD

OECD

Emissions of CO2 per Region

China

Asia

Africa

Latin America

The challenge is to keep the clean mix of LAC energy matrix in the context of economic economic and population growth

Africa

Asia

China

OECD

Latin America

Middle East

Bunker

Ex-Soviet Union

Europe no OECD

6

rehabilitation of hydroelectric power projects
Rehabilitation of Hydroelectric Power Projects

Rehabilitation of Existing Renewable Hydroelectric Plants

7

energy efficiency
Energy Efficiency
  • LAC lags in investments in Energy Efficiency:
    • To reduce consumption
    • To lower peak demands, avoiding less efficient generation and more GHG
  • Most countries have only implemented CFL bulb replacement
  • It is estimated that a reduction of 10% of consumption in LAC through Energy Efficiency could cost some US$17 billion. To supply that energy with capacity expansion would cost some US$53 billion.
  • Areas where more effort is needed:
    • Public Sector Energy Efficiency (buildings and roads)
    • Variable speed motors
    • Efficient cooling & heating
    • Commercial and Residential insulation
    • Load coordination and peak disconnection

8

regional energy integration central american isthmus electric interconnection project siepac
Regional Energy Integration: Central American Isthmus Electric Interconnection Project SIEPAC
  • Achieving these savings has required:
    • Participation of Panamá, Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua and El Salvador (1996); Colombia (2005); and Mexico (2009).
    • Legal Framework:
      • Treaty among countries (1992).
    • Governance mechanisms:
      • Regional Regulator (CRIE);
      • Grid Operator (EOR);
      • Owner of the Interconnection line
      • Transitory Regulatory framework (2002);
      • Regional Electricity Market regulation (2011).
    • Investments:
      • US$494 million (MDBs, IFIs, Commercial Banks, Countries);
      • Grants from IDB: US$24 million.
  • Estimated expenditures required without SIEPAC (2011-2025):
    • Investments: US$11.7 Billion
    • O&M: US$10.1 Billion
  • Savings with a joint planning of the expansion of capacity and joint operation of the grid:
    • Investments: US$1.2 Billion
    • O&M: US$0.3 Billion
  • Savings with an interconnection with Colombia and a second SIEPAC circuit (2014):
    • Investments: US$2.1 billion
    • O&M: US$1.7 billion

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