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Sir Isaac Newton. Life and Accomplishments Group 4 Octavio Aguilera Juan Aldana Alex Serna. Table of Contents. The Beginning of His Life Early Life Reflecting Telescope Calculus Motion and Gravity First Law of Motion Second Law of Motion Third Law of Motion Force Comets

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Sir Isaac Newton


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sir isaac newton
Sir Isaac Newton

Life and Accomplishments

Group 4

Octavio Aguilera

Juan Aldana

Alex Serna

table of contents
Table of Contents
  • The Beginning of His Life
  • Early Life
  • Reflecting Telescope
  • Calculus
  • Motion and Gravity
  • First Law of Motion
  • Second Law of Motion
  • Third Law of Motion
  • Force
  • Comets
  • Principiaand Opticks
  • A Great Man
  • References
the beginning of his life
The beginning of his life
  • Born on January 4, 1643
  • In Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England
  • Where he was raised by his Grandmother

Woolsthorpe Manor: house where Newton grew up

early life
Early life
  • Newton received a bachelor’s degree at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1665
  • The next two years Newton returned home where he came up with most of his discoveries.
  • He returned to Trinity College in 1667, where he became a professor of mathematics in 1669.
reflecting telescope
Reflecting Telescope
  • In 1668 Newton made the first reflecting telescope
  • Light is collected and refracted from a curved mirror
  • Far superior from refracting telescopes because the image did not become blurry
calculus
Calculus
  • Newton invented Calculus in 1669, but didn’t publish his work until 1704
  • Calculus is divided into two parts Differential and Integral Calculus
  • Differential Calculus: Deals with the change in rate of objects
  • Integral Calculus: Deals with measuring quantities and dividing into smaller ones
motion and gravity
Motion and Gravity
  • Newton wondered why objects fell to earth while sitting under an apple tree he saw an apple fall in front of him
  • Although many believe this story is untrue
  • That is when Newton came up with the three laws of motion
first law of motion
First Law of Motion
  • A body continues in a state of rest in a straight line if it is not acted upon by forces.
second law of motion
Second Law of Motion
  • When a force acts on a body it produces an acceleration, which is proportional to the magnitude of the force
third law of motion
Third Law of Motion
  • If body A exerts a force on body B, body B always exerts an equal and opposite force on body A
force
Force
  • Newton believed that when an object goes around another there are two balanced forces.
  • Centripetal force: pulls the revolving object towards the pivoting point
  • Centrifugal force: pulls the object away from pivoting point
comets
Comets
  • Newton showed that comets acted upon by the same forces as the planets
  • Proved when Edmund Halley predicted the next time a comet would pass by again
principia and opticks most popular works
Principia and Opticks most popular works
  • Newton summarized his discoveries in Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica (mathematical principles of natural philosophy) (1687)
  • It shows his principle of universal gravitation and provided an explanation both of falling bodies on the Earth and of the motions of planets, comets and other bodies of the universe.
  • Opticks (1704) presented his discoveries of light and elaborated his theory that light is composed of corpuscles, or particles.
a great man
A Great Man
  • Isaac Newton died on March 31, 1727 in London, England
references
References
  • Book
    • Isaac Newton (The Last Sorcerer), by Michael White
  • Encyclopedia Article
    • The New Encyclopedia Britannica Volume 8. Micropaedia/Ready Reference pg. 663
  • A source of scientific period
    • The Scientists of The Scientific Revolution pg. 69-87
  • Internet source
    • Newton, Isaac. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001 @ www. Bartleby.com