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Adoption of Hermetic Storage for Cowpea in West & Central Africa in 2012 . B. Moussa, O. Coulibaly, T. Abdoulaye, D. Baributsa and J. Lowenberg-DeBoer. Objectives:. Determine the proportion of cowpea stored on farms by type hermetic storage.

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adoption of hermetic storage for cowpea in west central africa in 2012

Adoption of Hermetic Storage for Cowpea in West & Central Africa in 2012.

B. Moussa, O. Coulibaly, T. Abdoulaye, D. Baributsa and J. Lowenberg-DeBoer

objectives
Objectives:
  • Determine the proportion of cowpea stored on farms by type hermetic storage.
  • Estimate proportion of rural households using hermetic storage
  • Identify the major barriers to use of hermetic storage for cowpea used on farms
methods
Methods:
  • Stratified random sample of villages, with the proportion of PICS villages determined by the proportion of PICS villages in the overall cowpea zone.
  • Random selection of household heads in sample villages.
  • Face-to-face interviews
  • Overall statistics calculated with weights determined solely by number of PICS and non-PICS villages.
niger nigeria and burkina faso 2009 availability is key constraint
Niger, Nigeria and Burkina Faso 2009 : Availability is Key Constraint

Average distance to nearest PICS retailer was

5.8 km in Niger DT and over 13 km in Niger MZT.

Percentages

Figure 2. Reason for non-adoption of PICS technology in Niger, Burkina Faso and Nigeria. Source: Studies on adoption of PICS bags in 2010 in Niger, Burkina Faso and Nigeria

nigeria storage methods used by farmers 2011 harvest
Nigeria: Storage Methods Used by Farmers 2011 Harvest
  • Total hermetic storage 32%
  • “Insecticide” here is pesticide in ordinary woven bags
  • Insecticide pervasive in Nigeria, used in most double bags and even some triple bags
nigeria 2011 availability is key constraint for triple bag non adopters
Nigeria 2011 : Availability is Key Constraint for Triple Bag Non-adopters
  • “Availability” cited as a key constraint even in some villages close to Kano
  • Media and word-of-mouth has reached only about half of respondents in non-PICS villages; demonstrations still important.
mali storage methods used by farmers for 2011 harvest
Mali: Storage Methods Used by Farmers for 2011 Harvest
  • TB adoption relatively low but overall hermetic is 61%
  • “Other” includes ordinary woven bags, pots, ash, etc.
mali 2011 information is key constraint for triple bag non adopters
Mali 2011 : Information is Key Constraint for Triple Bag non Adopters
  • Information is key constraint but Availability is still a problem
cameroon storage methods used by farmers for 2011 harvest
Cameroon: Storage Methods Used by Farmers for 2011 Harvest
  • “Other” includes woven sacks, pots, ash, etc.
  • Total hermetic is 23% of quantity stored on farms
cameroon 2011 information is key constraint for triple bag non adopters
Cameroon 2011 : Information is Key Constraint for Triple Bag Non-adopters
  • Like in Mali Information is key but availability is still a problem
chad storage methods used by farmers for 2011 harvest
Chad: Storage Methods Used by Farmers for 2011 Harvest
  • Results similar to in Cameroon but triple bag slightly higher
  • Total hermetic is 24%
nigeria mali cameroon and chad storage methods used for 2011 harvest
Nigeria, Mali, Cameroon and Chad: Storage Methods Used for 2011 Harvest
  • Simple average for these four countries for total hermetic is 35%. Next step is calculating weighted average to allow for differences in cowpea production levels.
  • Regional total hermetic percentage will be pulled up by the 70% in Niger and Burkina.
nigeria mali and cameroon 2011 harvest key constraints among triple bag non adopters
Nigeria, Mali and Cameroon 2011 Harvest : Key Constraints among Triple Bag Non-adopters
  • Bag availability is key constraint, especially in Nigeria.
  • Information still a major constraint, especially in non-PICS villages.
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Preliminary 2011 harvest adoption results for Nigeria, Cameroon, Mali and Chad:
    • Total hermetic in range of 23% to 61% of quantity
    • Triple bag use ranges from 12% to 18%
    • Availability key constraint for non-adopters in Nigeria
    • Information still key constraint especially for non-PICS villages
  • PICS 50% goal reached for some countries (e.g. Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali).
  • Regional hermetic storage percentage depends on data for remaining countries.