Argumentation Skills-1 . What's the Point of Arguing? . Not stating prejudices in a new form. Not disputation . An argument is not simply a statement of certain views , and it is not simply a dispute .
1)Distinguish premises ( önkabul/ varsayım) and conclusion: Theconclusion is thestatementforwhichyougivereasons. Thestatementswhichgiveyourreasonsare ‘premises’.
2) Present your ideas in a natural order: Eachclaimshouldleadnaturallytothenext.
3) Start from reliable premises: No matter how wellyouarguefrompremisestoyourconclusion, it will be weakifyourpremisesareweak.
5)Avoid loaded language: Do not makeyourargumentlookgoodbydemonizingtheoppositingside. Bewarevalue-laden wording.
6) Stick to one meaning for each term: Sexesarethe ‘equal’ sothelawshould not pretendthatweare ‘equal’.
7) Use consistent terms: Stick to a single set of terms to have connection between premises.
8)Give more than one example: A singleexampleoffersnosupportforgeneralization.Could be atypicalcase.
9) Use representative examples: Even a largenumbermaymisrepresentthe set beinggeneralized. Sampling is thekey.
13) Sourcesshould be cited: 1) Reliability 2) Allowthereadertofind on her/his own
14) Seekinformedsources: Must be qualifiedtomakethestatementstheymake.
15) Personal attacks do not disqualify a source: Not necessarly fit our general sterotype of ‘an authority’.
Beforeyouquoteanypersonororganization as an authority, youshouldchecktomake sure thatotherequallyqualified/impartialauthoritiesagree.
Meaning do not soleyrely on governmentalsources !!!
To be continued