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TO DO. Take out your textbook photocopy and cards. AIM: How was the world changing post-WWI?. Ms. McMillan Global IV March 20, 2012. Breakup of Austria-Hungary. See how Europe changed after WWI!. Breakup of the Ottoman Empire. Kemal Ataturk.

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to do

Take out your textbook photocopy and cards

aim how was the world changing post wwi

AIM: How was the world changing post-WWI?

Ms. McMillan

Global IV

March 20, 2012

breakup of austria hungary
Breakup of Austria-Hungary

See how Europe changed after WWI!

kemal ataturk
Kemal Ataturk

Who: “Father of the Turks”, war hero, nationalist

Where: Turkey (old Ottoman Empire)

When: 1919-1920s

What: Westernized Turkey (clothing, education, calendar, alphabet), separated religion and government (secularism), made Turkey a republic, gave women rights, industrialized

Why: Wanted Turkey to be free of western rule and the sultan; wanted to be respected by the west (“civilized”), industrialized and modernized

reza khan
Reza Khan

WHO: Army officer; Shah of Iran

WHEN: 1925


WHAT: Overthrew the shah and put himself in power. Built factories, roads and railroads, modernized and westernized, gave women rights.

WHY: Russia and Britain had spheres of influence in Iran, Khan wanted them out.


WHO: European powers and the Arab nations

WHERE: Arab world


WHAT: Territories controlled by European powers

WHY: European powers do not respect the sovereignty of Arab nations because they are not “civilized” like the west, or modernized.

pan arabism

WHO: Arab nations


WHERE: Arab world

WHAT: The movement to unite all Arab people

WHY: To free Arab nations of foreign control

the amritsar massacre
The Amritsar Massacre

In 1919 there were attacks on British citizens in Amristar, so public meetings were banned.

A large group of Indians assembled on April 13, and British troops fired on them without warning.

400 were killed; 1200 wounded

British rule MUST end!

mohandas gandhi

WHO: Indian Nationalist

WHERE: India

WHEN: 1920s-1940s

WHAT: Taught nonviolence and civil disobedience; led the Salt March and boycotts on British goods and products; rejected the caste system. Helped India gain independence in 1947 before he was assassinated.

WHY: He wanted to free India of British rule.

civil disobedience

WHO: Gandhi

WHERE: India

WHEN: 1920s-1940s

WHAT: Not obeying unjust laws (ie: Gandhi gathering salt from the sea when Britain had a monopoly on it)

WHY: To fix problems in society or change the laws

  • Study card test tomorrow on #18-26
    • Toussaint L'Ouverture
    • Simon Bolivar
    • Jose de san Martin
    • Congress of Vienna
    • Prince Clemens von Metternich
    • balance of power
    • conservatism
    • liberalism
    • nationalism

In the 1920s and 1930s, a leader named Mohandas Gandhi headed the Indian nationalist movement.

He taught non-violent resistance and civil disobedience were the way to win rights.

Used boycotting, and embraced ideas of democracy and nationalism.

Rejected the caste system and urged equal rights for all.

India achieved independence in 1947.

indian nationalism

1 million Indians had served the Allies in WWI.

During the war, Britain promised India greater self-government.

After the war, Britain failed the fulfill these promises.

chinese nationalism

After WWI, China was in total disorder.

Sun Yixian stepped down, so rival warlords fought for power.

The economy collapsed, and peasants faced hardships.

Foreign powers increased their influence in China.

Sun Yixian

rival groups in china
Rival Groups in China
  • Several movements emerged in China.
      • Student movement; wanted to make China stronger through modernization.
      • Democracy and nationalism.
      • Inspired by Marx and Lenin, a Communist party was formed.
      • After Sun Yixian’s death, Jiang Jieshi took over the Guomindang
may fourth movement
May Fourth Movement

Protestors at the May Fourth Movement, dissatisfied with Article 156 of the Treaty of Versailles for China.


WHO: Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek)


WHEN: 1925-1950

WHAT: A nationalist group supported by middle class businessmen, who did little for the peasants. Fought the communist party in China during the civil war. They lost.

WHY: Sun Yixian (founder of Chinese Republic) stepped down and people in China fought for power. When Yixian died, Jieshi took over the Kuomintang.

great depression
Great Depression

WHO: The USA and the world

WHEN: 1929-1930s

WHERE: Worldwide

WHAT: US investors pulled money out of Europe, high tariffs on imported goods; nations that traded with the USA saw their economies collapse. People began questioning capitalism and democracy.

WHY: The American Stock Market crashed and it triggered the depression; global economic collapse

civil war
Civil War

At first, Communists and Nationalists worked together to unite China.

Jiang Jieshi began to see Communists as a threat.

A civil war began between the two groups that would last 22 years!