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The Google Lunar X PRIZE is a competition begun in 2007. The first privately funded team to send a robot to the Moon wins $20,000,000. 00 In order to win the prize, teams must: Successfully Launch Land on the Moon Rove 500 meters Transmit back images and video. This is not it.

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slide1

The Google Lunar X PRIZE is a competition begun in 2007. The first privately funded team to send a robot to the Moon wins $20,000,000.00

  • In order to win the prize, teams must:
        • Successfully Launch
        • Land on the Moon
        • Rove 500 meters
        • Transmit back images and video

This is not it

recovery systems
recovery systems:

Mercury

Gemini

Apollo

Space Shuttle

Orion

mercury 1961 1963
Mercury(1961—1963)
  • Objectives:
  • Put a manned spacecraft in orbit
  • Test man’s ability to function in space
  • Recover both pilot and capsule safely
  • 1 Astronaut
  • MR-3, MR-4 launched on Redstone rockets
  • MA-6 — MA-9 launched on Atlas rockets
  • reentry: direct insertion, water landing
  • recovery: ablative shield, parachutes, airbags
gemini 1965 1966
Gemini(1965—1966)
  • Objectives:
  • Place 2 men in space for up to 2 weeks
  • Rendezvous and dock with another vehicle and maneuver both spacecraft using the target vehicle’s propulsion
  • Perform and practice Extra-Vehicular Activities (EVA), or space-"walks”
  • Perfect reentry and landing at a pre-selected location (originally on land)
  • 2 Astronauts
  • GLV-3 — GLV-12 all flew on Titan II rocket
  • reentry: direct insertion, water landing
  • recovery: ablative shield, parachutes,near-horizontal (sideways) splashdown
apollo 1968 1972
Apollo(1968—1972)
  • Objectives:
  • Land a man on the moon and return him safely to Earth before 1970
  • Establish the technology to meet other national interests in space
  • Achieve American preeminence in space
  • Carry out a program of scientific exploration of the Moon
  • Develop man's capability to work in the lunar environment.
  • 3 Astronauts
  • Apollo 7 launched on Saturn I-B
  • Apollo 8-17 launched on Saturn V
  • reentry: direct insertion, water landing
  • recovery: ablative shield, parachutes, thrusters, crushable ribs (“crumple zones”)
space shuttle 1981 2011
Space Shuttle(1981—2011)
  • Objectives:
  • Develop less-expensive, reusable spacecraft for NASA, DoD, commercial, & scientific missions
  • 7 Astronauts
  • all 135 STS missions launched by liquid-fueled SSME’s and solid rocket boosters
  • reentry: angled “slalom” descent
  • recovery: Thermal Protection System (tiles, etc.), glide to runway landing
orion 2017
Orion(2017—????)
  • Objectives:
  • Carry astronauts and equipment beyond LEO, to the Moon, Mars, and beyond
  • 4 Astronauts
  • reentry: direct insertion, water landing
  • recovery: ablative shield, TPS, parachutes, cushioning restraints, crushable ribs (“crumple zones”)
slide9

Orion(2017—????)

  • water return tests, parachutes
slide10

Orion(2017—????)

  • land-return tests
slide11
Mars: Spirit & Opportunity(2004-2010, 2004-???)(EDL) entry, descent, landingheat shields, parachutes, retro-rockets, air bags
slide12

Mars: Phoenix(2008)

  • (EDL) entry, descent, landingheat shields, parachutes, retro-rockets
payload protection
Payload Protection
  • Payload = anything in the spacecraft
    • Astronauts
    • Food
    • Medical equipment
    • Science Experiments
    • Electronics
  • Weight of Payload limited by thrust of rocket
  • Means of protection:
    • Reducing spacecraft speed/impact
      • Parachutes
      • Retro-rockets (reverse thrust)
      • Air brakes (creating maximum drag)
    • Restraint
    • Cushioning
      • Trapped air (airbags)
      • Expendable cushioning material (crumple zones)
payload package
Payload Package
  • Destination: Earth/Mars (atmospheric landing)
  • Payload: raw egg
  • Drop test: 15-25 feet
    • Top of UAT
    • Hab 3rd floor
    • Outside Hab 2
    • VallesMarineris
    • Lobby of ETF
  • Guidelines:
    • Self-deployed (no tethers or release mechanisms)
      • All landers held at railing height, parachute shroud lines, etc. do not count
    • Contained within or attached to the cardboard
payload ops specifications your lander
Payload Ops Specifications: Your Lander
  • You will be given the following materials:
    • 30 cm x 45 cm sheet of cardboard
    • 30 cm of duct tape
    • Egg (your delicate payload…yes, it’s raw)
  • 100 credits for additional materials
    • Duct tape costs 1 credit per cm
    • Straws cost 2 credits each
    • Balloons cost 20 credits each
    • Nylons cost 15 credits each
    • Tissue Paper costs 5 credits per sheet
    • Cotton balls cost 2 credits each
    • String costs 2 credits per foot (30 cm)
  • Unspent credits are added to score
payload ops specifications your rover
Payload Ops Specifications: Your Rover
  • You will be given the following materials:
    • 30 cm x 45 cm sheet of cardboard
    • 30 cm of duct tape
    • Egg (your delicate payload…yes, it’s raw)
  • 100 credits for additional materials
    • Duct tape costs 1 credit per cm
    • Straws cost 2 credits each
    • Balloons cost 20 credits each
  • Water bottles cost 20 credits each
  • Dowel rods 10 credits each
  • Wheels 5 credits each
  • Pipe cleaners 5 credits each
  • Craft sticks 5 credits each
  • Cardboard tubes 5 credits each
  • Unspent credits are added to score
payload ops rules scoring
Payload Ops Rules & Scoring

Egg rides in ziplock bag in or on the rover

Rovers are packed inside the lander

Points awarded for unused credits in the budgets

Lander package dropped from the 2nd story railing

Points subtracted for the distance outside landing site

Rover must work without repair, no changes allowed to rover after drop

Points awarded for the distance covered by rover

Surviving egg required

payload ops rules scoring1
Payload Ops Rules & Scoring
  • Steps:
  • Build Rover and Lander
  • Place: Egg (bagged) inside Rover
  • Rover inside Lander
  • Drop Lander from 2nd story
    • Aim for the landing site
    • Points deducted—1 per inch from target
    • Remove Rover from Lander
    • Release Rover at top of ramp
    • Points awarded for distance traveled
    • Surviving Egg required
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