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Conflict Leading to the Civil War. f oldable answers. Instructions for Foldable: Fold in half hotdog style. Make 6 cuts , this gives you 7 tabs . Labeling: 1 st tab- Conflict leading to the Civil War Remaining tabs: Fugitive Slave Act Uncle Tom’s Cabin

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Presentation Transcript

Instructions for Foldable:

    • Fold in half hotdog style.
    • Make 6 cuts, this gives you 7 tabs.
    • Labeling:
    • 1st tab- Conflict leading to the Civil War
    • Remaining tabs:
      • Fugitive Slave Act
      • Uncle Tom’s Cabin
      • Kansas- Nebraska Act and Bleeding Kansas
      • Dred Scott Decision
      • John Brown’s Raid
      • Fort Sumter
fugitive slave act

Required all citizens to capture runaway slaves.

  • People who let fugitives escape could be fined $1000 and jailed.
  • Special courts were set up to handle runaway cases.
  • Judges became corrupt. They made money off of sending people back to the south.
Fugitive Slave Act
uncle tom s cabin

A novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852.

  • Purpose: To inform people about the evils of slavery and the injustice of the Fugitive Slave Act.
  • Characters-
    • Uncle Tom: Enslaved African American
    • Simon Legree: Slave owner
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
kansas nebraska act

Proposed by Senator Stephen Douglas

  • Purpose-Southerners did want another free state entering the Union.
  • Plan-The Nebraska Territory would be divided into 2 territories; Kansas and Nebraska.
  • Settlers world decide the issue of slavery based on popular sovereignty.
Kansas- Nebraska Act
bleeding kansas

Pro-Slavery supporters raided an antislavery town called Lawrence, KS.

  • John Brown, an abolitionist rode with 6 others to find the proslavery settlers. They murdered them.
  • Started a violence spree throughout the region over 200 people were killed.
Bleeding Kansas
dred scott decision

Dred Scott had been enslaved for many years in Missouri.

  • He moved to Illinois and the Wisconsin Territory with his owner. These places banned slavery. After returning to Missouri his owner died.
  • Antislavery lawyers helped Scott file a lawsuit.
  • The lawsuit argued that since Scott had lived in a free territory, he was a free man.
Dred Scott Decision
dred scott decision1

In 1857, the Supreme Court ruled:

    • Scott could not file a lawsuit because he was enslaved.
    • Slaves were considered property and had no rights.
  • Congress did not have the right to outlaw slavery in the territories… Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.
Dred Scott Decision
john brown s raid

1859, John Brown leads a raid at Harper’s Ferry, VA.

  • Raided a federal arsenal so that he could give weapons to slaves for a revolt.
  • No slaves arrived at the arsenal.
  • John Brown was captured by Robert E. Lee and 10 others were killed.
  • He was sentenced to death by hanging.
John Brown’s Raid
fort sumter

Held by the Union, located near Charleston, South Carolina.

  • April 11, 1861: Confederates demand the Union to give up the fort.
  • Union Major Robert Anderson refuses and will not give up the fort until he commanded by the US government.
  • Confederates open fire, Union supplies run low, and on April 13, 1861 Anderson surrenders the fort.
Fort Sumter