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OVARIAN NON-SMALL CELL UNDIFFERENTIATED CARCINOMA OF NEUROENDOCRINE TYPE. M Mora*, E Fulcheri*, ML Carcangiu**. *Department of Surgical and Morphological Sciences, Anatomic Pathology Division, University of Genova, Italy. **Department of Pathology, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan, Italy.
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M Mora*, E Fulcheri*, ML Carcangiu**.
*Department of Surgical and Morphological Sciences, Anatomic Pathology Division, University of Genova, Italy.
**Department of Pathology, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan, Italy.
Neuroendocrine carcinomas of the ovary include small cell carcinoma of pulmonary type, small cell carcinoma of hypercalcemic type and non-small cell undifferentiated carcinoma of neuroendocrine type (NSCNEC) which is often associated to epithelial-stromal tumours [1-2-3].
A large variety of primary ovarian epithelial-stromal tumours may express neuroendocrine differentiation, with neuroendocrine cells arranged singularly or in solid areas with trabecular and insular growth pattern .
Pelvic mass in a 41 year-old woman with no significant past medical history.
Pelvic ultrasound showed two masses in right ovary, one of cystic appearance of 41 x 40 mm and a second one of solid appearance.
Laboratory test showed normal levels for serum CEA and CA-125, no hypercalcemia or paraneoplastic syndromes were observed.
Microscopic investigation revealed that the tumour was composed of a G2 endometroid carcinoma commisted to a solid tumour with neuroendocrine features, consisting of cells of medium to large size with scanty cytoplasm and nuclei with evenly distributed chromatin and occasional large nucleoli.
These latter were arranged in solid sheet, island or nest, with little or no intervening stroma; in other areas they were disposed in single-elements ribbons surrounding endometrioid glands without infiltrating them. No high cytologic atypia and mitotic activity were demonstrated.
We concluded that the lesion was a primary ovarian non-small cell carcinoma of neuroendocrine type (NSCNEC) associated to an endometroid carcinoma.
Tumour stage was pT1c/G2/N0/Mx.
At present in the literature there are 27 previous cases of NSCNEC, 26 of which associated to epithelial-stromal tumours:
NSCNEC can be misdiagnosed as metastasis of large cell endocrine carcinoma of unknown origin but clinical findings help the pathologist to the correct diagnosis and the association with a epithelial-stromal neoplasia is a clue to the primary nature of the neoplasm.
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