Fiscal TransparencyBrazilianInitiatives Welles Matias de Abreu Assistant Federal Budget Secretary, Substitute Oct, 2013; @ London , UK
Summary • Brazilian Budgeting Framework • Main Brazilian Initiatives on: • Fiscal Transparency • Participation • Brazilian Participatory Budgeting Process
BrazilianBudgeting Framework Social Participation D E V E L O P M E N T P U B L I C P O L I C E S R E S P O N S A B I L I T Y T R A N S P A R E N C Y
Fiscal Transparency Fiscal Education for Children MainIssue: How does the government spend the taxes? • 2007 – CreatedthePublic Budget Primer: “Sofinhaandherteam” • 2008 – Begantheimplementationofthe “Sofinhaandherteam” primeronPublicSchools; • 2009 – SofinhaBrochurebecameavailableon SOF website; and • 2010 – “Talk to Sofinha” onthe SOF website. “over 60,000 copies distributed in Brazil”
Fiscal Transparency BudgetingCourses to Society SOF Virtual School Objective: Transferknowledgethroughthe Internet. TargetAudience: Federal, Stateand Municipal civil servantsandsociety. • Coursescurrentlyoffered: • BasicCourseonPublicBudgeting (no tutoring) • PublicBudgetingCourse (withmentoring) • Guidelines Budget law (LDO) for municipalities (no tutoring) • ead.orcamentofederal.gov.br(Moodle) Example: Basiccourseonpublicbudgeting Modules:What is thePublic Budget, Legal Framework, Understandingthe Budget Cycle; Civil SocietyParticipation (8 hours)
Fiscal Transparency Federal Budget For Everyone: Documentthatsynthesizesthe Budget Proposal for 2012 Premisses: • Understandablelanguage • RelevantInformations to Society • Clarifyconceptsalreadyestablished (GDP, inflation, etc) • Anexerciseof communication to Society IBP includedthisinitiative in 2012 research (BrazilianCitizen Budget)
Fiscal Transparency Brazilian Budget Open Data • SIOP – Executive Budget System (including in RDFformat) • SIGA Brasil– Legislative Budget System • Portal Transparência – Public Spending Details
Participation • Brazilian Participatory institutions • Mechanisms of Individual Participation: • Ombudsmen (call centers or internet) to complaints, evaluating the quality, mediations or express their level of satisfaction • About 95% of the municipalities and states have ombudsmen • Directly (maybe with systems supported) to ask and make opinions about budget laws in executive and legislative processes • PPA (Plural Annual Plan Law); Ex.: Open debates at all states of Brazil about public policies. • LDO (Budget Directives/Priorities Law): Ex.: Open suggestions by system (SIOP and E-Democracia) for society. • LOA (Annual Budget Law). Ex.: Demands for allocations of spends in specifics public policies (Council policies and legislative adjustments). Font:http://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10761&Itemid=2
Participation • Brazilian Participatory institutions (cont.) • Collective and Cooperative Processes: • Publicconferences • Public policies councils • Social groups and forums • Civil servants and society representatives who work in these deliberative meetings. In some cases, regulated by federal law • The Presidency of the Republic monitors these processes • For example: CONSOCIAL - National Conference on Transparency and Social Control, CDES - Economic and Social Development Council, and CEFEMEA - Studies and Advice Feminist Center Font:http://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10761&Itemid=2
BRAZILIAN PARTICIPATORY BUDGETING PROCESS ...as: ... a human right; ... a policy of state; ... a governmental method.
SOCIAL PARTICIPATION • HOW CITIZENS CAN ENGAGE IN BRAZIL? • Government providing information to the citizen (all cases); • Government initiating consultation with the citizen to solicit their feedback on issues that might concern them (many cases); and • Citizens engaging in decision-making more integrally (some cases).
Source: IPEA.gov.br (2012) % of programs with interaction % of institutions with interaction STATE-SOCIETY INTERACTIONS ANNUAL PERCENTAGE 2002-2010 of governmental programs and institutions with some form of State-society interaction SPATIAL ASSOCIATON between policy types and interaction types
CONFERENCES NUMBER OF NATIONAL CONFERENCES (by year) Source: General-Secretariat of Presidency of Republic - Brazil
HOW TO MOVE FROM POLICIES TO PRACTICES OF PARTICIPATION? EXAMPLE OF RESULTS RELATED WITH THE INCREASE OF TRANSPARENCY AND PARTICIPATORY INITIATIVES 1 - developing a favorable environment to participation; 2 - trust-building; 3 - researching and mapping what is already being done; 4 - understanding and respecting communitarian and popular forms of participation; 5 - designing participation policies based on your own reality; 6 - stimulating passion and desire to participate; 7 - begging the question: Must successful practices come from regulatory framework or maybe it can be the opposite way? There must be an institutionalization in all the cases? 8 - being always open to learn, as are we all here.
“ValuingDemocracy” Developmentwith Fiscal ResponsibilityandTransparency ThankYou! Federal Budget Secretariat Phone: +55 61 20202220 E-mail: email@example.com + Development + Equality +Participation “a country for everyone” “a rich country is a country withoutmisery”