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Promoting Labour Standards in Global Production: Selected ILO Experiences. Anne Posthuma International Institute for Labour Studies, ILO. Fair Globalization. Fair Globalization – where business is profitable and sustainable & Decent Work is promoted

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promoting labour standards in global production selected ilo experiences

Promoting Labour Standards in Global Production: Selected ILO Experiences

Anne Posthuma

International Institute for Labour Studies, ILO

fair globalization
Fair Globalization
  • Fair Globalization – where business is profitable and sustainable & Decent Work is promoted
  • Promoting labour standards in global production
  • Business cannot do this alone (BSR, 2006)
  • Building collaborations, where formal institutions and regulations are weak and poorly enforced, via projects and programmes, provide technical expertise to promote social dialogue and ILSs
  • Challenge to contribute systemic improvements, includes strengthening public services, functioning of regulatory and institutional frameworks, voice and rep. of workers
ilo supported private sector initiatives
ILO-Supported Private Sector Initiatives
  • Hybrid model – monitoring plus incentives, awareness-raising, training, remediation, technical expertise to build capacity
  • Contributing to fill regulatory deficits and lead to productivity-enhancing and DW-enhancing local institutions
  • Spanning factory-level, targeted campaigns, sectoral partnerships, Chambers of Commerce, national government, global supply chains
selected ilo supported initiatives
Selected ILO-Supported Initiatives
  • Factory Improvement Programme (VN, SL, India)
    • Raise factory competitiveness through improved working conditions, in-factory consultations
    • Protective equipment for workers, reduce quality rejects, decrease absenteeism
    • Factory-based, hard to work below first-tier firms
  • IPEC initiatives
    • Targeted sectors, area-based
    • Partnerships
    • Scope expanded to include other labour issues and approaches
slide5
Cocoa industry and stakeholders (W.Africa)
    • Harken-Engel Protocol of 2001, set timetable to eliminate child and forced labour
    • In 2002, partnership formed International Cocoa Initiative, multistakeholder forum
    • Between 2002-2006, initiatives spread to cocoa & agricultural sectors in 5 other African countries
  • Sialkot Soccer Ball Initiative
    • 1997, ILO, UNICEF, Sialkot CCI
    • Early example of voluntary industry collaboration with multilaterial agencies and key stakeholders to address labour rights in GSCs
    • Beyond child labour to include all Core Labour Standards
    • Strengthen government inspection, promote SD
slide6
Volkswagen (GTZ)
    • Improve working conditions in VW’s supply chain in South Africa, Mexico and Brazil
    • Partnership with VW suppliers & labour inspection to ensure legal compliance
    • SMEs to improve prod’y and workplace practices
  • Better Factories Cambodia
    • Export licenses tied to ILO monitoring, created level playing field, to build up labour inspectorate
    • Monitoring, remediation, training – improve. cycle
    • Dialogue between government, employers, workers, buyers
    • Expired trade agreement - project became self-financing, operating via CSR rather than incentives
    • Project hand-over to Cambodian gov’t in 2009
slide7
Better Work Programme (ILO & IFC)
    • Improve labour standards, competitiveness in GSCs export apparel sector in Jordan Lesotho, VN (1.2 million workers)
    • Redefines labour standards compliance in GSCs, sustainable solutions in countries
    • Enterprise compliance with national law, access new, more stable contracts with buyers
      • Set of global tools to be developed
      • Global monitoring & eval. framework
      • Assessment results reported publicly, to buyers
      • Broad SD - employers’ orgs., workers’ orgs., national government and international buyers (establish national tripartite industry scheme)
      • Training & capacity building, institutional strengthening
slide8

Better Work

Labour admin & inspection

Enterprise

assessments

Training and capacity building

Sustainability and engagement

employer & union capacity building

Industry-based scheme

Enforcement

Social Dialogue

slide9
Partnerships
  • Building capacity to fill regulatory deficits and lead to productivity-enhancing and DW-enhancing local institutions
  • Developing tools
  • Learning from successful experience to scale up
  • Harnessing spillovers
  • Build key elements to achieve sustainability