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Earthworm dissection. Lumbricus terrestris Phylum -Annelida Class - Oligochaeta Family -Lumbricidae Genus - Lumbricus Species - terrestris. http://www.ncsu.edu/scivis/lessons/earthworm/Overview.html. http://www.usd267.com/TL%20Student%20Pages/8th%20Science%20Teacher%20Resources.html.

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earthworm dissection

Earthworm dissection

Lumbricusterrestris

Phylum -AnnelidaClass - Oligochaeta Family -LumbricidaeGenus -LumbricusSpecies - terrestris

http www ncsu edu scivis lessons earthworm overview html
http://www.ncsu.edu/scivis/lessons/earthworm/Overview.html
  • http://www.usd267.com/TL%20Student%20Pages/8th%20Science%20Teacher%20Resources.html

http://yucky.discovery.com/flash/worm/

background
Background: 
  • Among the most familiar invertebrate animals are the earthworms, members of the phylum Annelida. The word annelida means "ringed" and refers to a series of rings or segments that make up the bodies of the members of this phylum.
slide6

Internally, septa, or dividing walls, are located between the segments. There may be more than 100 segments in an adult worm.

slide7
The clitellum is a swelling of the body found in sexually mature worms and is active in the formation of an egg capsule, or cocoon.

clitellum

slide8

Reproductive system

  • Eggs are produced in the ovaries and pass out of the body through female genital pores. Sperm are produced in the testes and pass out through tiny male genital pores. During mating, sperm from one worm travel along the sperm grooves to the seminalreceptacles of another worm. Fertilization of the eggs takes place outside the body as the cocoon moves forward over the body, picking up the eggs of one worm and the sperm of its mate.
circulatory system
Circulatory system
  • The pumping organs of the circulatory system are five aorticarches.
slide13
Circulatory fluids travel from the arches through the ventral blood vessel to capillary beds in the body. The fluids then collect in the dorsal blood vessel and reenter the aortic arches.
digestive system
Digestive system
  • The earthworm takes in a mixture of soil and organic matter through its mouth, which is the beginning of the digestive tract. The mixture enters the pharynx, which is located in segments 1–6.
slide17
The esophagus, in segments 6–13, acts as a passageway between the pharynx and the crop. The crop stores food temporarily.
slide19
The mixture that the earthworm ingests is ground up in the gizzard. In the intestine, which extends over two-thirds of the body length, digestion and absorption take place. Soil particles and undigested organic matter pass out of the worm through the rectum and anus.
nervous system
Nervous System

The nervous system consists of the ventral nerve cord, which travels the length of the worm on the ventral side, and a series of ganglia, which are masses of tissue containing many nerve cells.

slide24
The nerve collar surrounds the pharynx and consists of ganglia above and below the pharynx. Nervous impulses are responsible for movement and responses to stimuli. Each segment contains an enlargement, or ganglion, along the ventral nerve cord. Excretory functions are carried on by nephridia, which are found in pairs in each body segment. They appear as tiny white fibers on the dorsal body wall.
respiration
Respiration
  • The earthworm has no gills or lungs. Gases are exchanged between the circulatory system and the environment through the moist skin.
slide27
Color the digestive structures blue
  • Color the circulatory structures red
  • Color the reproductive structures purple
  • Possible quiz questions:
  • 1. Describe the external body of the earthworm.
  • 2. How can you tell ventral from dorsal?
  • 3. Where are the setae and how many are there?
  • 4 What do you need to avoid cutting when making the first cut?
  • 5. What is the body cavity called?
  • 6. List the order that thing pass as going through the digestive system of the worm?
  • 7. Label a diagram of the ventral side of the worm and label the mouth, prostomium, setae, sperm groove, openings of seminal receptacles, male genital pore and clitellum
  • 8. Briefly describe the systems of the earthworm
    • Digestive, Circulatory, respiratory, reproductive
  • 9. Be able to label the parts of the internal and external structures.
slide28
1. Describe the external body of the earthworm.
  • 2. How can you tell ventral from dorsal?
  • 3. Where are the setae and how many are there?
  • 4. Draw a diagram of the ventral side of the worm and label the mouth, setae and clitellum.
  • 5. What do you need to avoid cutting when making the first cut?
  • 6. What is the body cavity called?
  • 7. What are the compartments called?
  • 8. List the order that thing pass as going through the digestive system of the worm?
  • 9. Briefly describe the systems of the earthworm
    • Circulatory, respiratory, reproductive

10. Be able to label the parts of the internal and external structures. Label a diagram

  • color code the systems